Limacidae

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Limacidae
Great Grey Slug, curled up.jpg
A live individual of Limax maximus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade
Superfamily: Limacoidea
Family: Limacidae
Lamarck, 1801[1]
Diversity[2][3]
12 genera, many species (more than 56 species)

Limacidae, common name the keelback slugs, are a taxonomic family of medium-sized to very large, air-breathing land slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Limacoidea.

Distribution[edit]

Distribution of Limacidae include western Palearctic.[4]

There are 28 species Limacidae in Russia and adjacent countries.[5]

Anatomy[edit]

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 25 and also lies between 31 and 35 (according to the values in this table).[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

2002 taxonomy[edit]

Zhiltsov & Schileyko (2002)[7] have elevated subfamily Bielziinae to family level Bielziidae based on the morphology of reproductive system of Bielzia coerulans.[7]

2005 taxonomy[edit]

The following two subfamilies have been recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):

  • subfamily Limacinae Lamarck, 1801 - synonyms: Limacopsidae Gerhardt, 1935;[8] Bielziinae I. M. Likharev & Wiktor, 1980
  • subfamily Eumilacinae I. M. Likharev & Wiktor, 1980[9]

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Limacidae include:

subfamily Limacinae

subfamily Eumilacinae

Cladogram[edit]

A cladogram showing the phylogenic relationships of this family to other families within the limacoid clade:[4]

 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae




 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae


 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae




Chronidae




Euconulidae



Trochomorphidae





Gastrodontidae



Oxychilidae







 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae



Parmacellidae



Milacidae





 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae


 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae




Ariophantidae



Urocyclidae





 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae




Boettgerillidae




Limacidae



Agriolimacidae









Ecology[edit]

Parasites of slugs in this family include larvae of the marsh flies Sciomyzidae, and others.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Lamarck J.-B. 1801. Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'après la considération de leurs… Paris, Detreville, VIII: 1-432. Page 62, originally spelled under vernacular name "es Limaciers".
  2. ^ (Polish) Wiktor A. (1989). Limacoidea et Zonitoidea nuda. Slimaki pomrowioksztaltne (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Fauna Poloniae 12, Polska Akademia Nauk, Warszawa, 208 pp., page 141.
  3. ^ "Families in Gastropoda" AnimalBase. accessed 10 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kantor Yu I., Vinarski M. V., Schileyko A. A. & Sysoev A. V.(published online on December 22, 2009). "Catalogue of the continental mollusks of Russia and adjacent territories". Version 2.3.
  6. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  7. ^ a b (Russian) Zhiltsov S. S. & Schileyko A. A. (2002). "Morphology of reproductive system of Bielzia coerulans (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) and phylogenetic relations of the genus Bielzia". Ruthenica 12: 73-79. abstract.
  8. ^ (German) Gerhardt U. (16 July 1935). "Weitere Untersuchungen zur Kopulation der Nacktschnecken". Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 30(2): 297-332. Page 329.
  9. ^ (Russian) Likharev I. M. & Wiktor A. (after 10 November 1980). Slizni fauny SSR i sopredelnykh stran (Gastropoda terrestria nuda) [The fauna of slugs of the USSR and adjacent countries]. Fauna SSSR, Molljuskii, 3(5): 437 pp. Page 290.
  10. ^ Wiktor A., Quintana J. & Beckmann K.-H. (2007). "Redescription of "Limax majoricensis" (Heynemann 1863) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Limacidae) from the Balearic Islands. pp. 187-197. In: Beckmann K.-H.: Die Land- und Süßwassermollusken der Balearischen Inseln. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 255 pp., ISBN 978-3-939767-05-3.

External links[edit]