|Gmina||Limanowa (urban gmina)|
|• Total||18.64 km2 (7.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||400 m (1,300 ft)|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||34-600, 34-601, 34-651|
Limanowa [lʲima'nɔva] (German: Ilmenau, Yiddish: לימינוב Liminuv) is a small town (population 14,624 as of 2005) in southern Poland, in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It is the capital of Limanowa County.
Mentions of the town date back to 1496, when it was documented as Ilmanowa, a rural estate that belonged to members of the szlachta. In 1520, ownership of the estate was passed from the Słupski family to Achacy Jordan, who subsequently established a judiciary.
Limanowa became a township in 1565, after being granted city rights by King Zygmunt August. The residents were not required to pay taxes to the Crown for a period of thirty years, throughout which the town rapidly developed. However, its economic strength declined due to the plague, and destruction caused by the Swedish invasion of 1655.
While the town was constantly damaged by fire because of its wooden buildings, much of its infrastructure was destroyed by the fire of 1759. It was not until the Polish Partitions, and Limanowa's incorporation into the Austrian province of Galicia, that it was rebuilt. The town began to flourish as a trading hub, hosting over eighteen markets per year.
During World War I, Limanowa was located at the Eastern Front. In the early months of the war, it was the site of the Battle of Limanowa between December 1 and December 9, 1914 in which the Austro-Hungarian Army repelled a Russian breakthrough southwestwards between Limanowa and Kraków.
The Second World War saw invasion by German soldiers, and the establishment of a ghetto in Limanowa. The town suffered heavy casualties as a result of the occupation; 472 people were shot as hostages and conspiracy participants, 123 as concentration camp prisoners, 91 people died in the Third Reich, 47 died fighting in the war, and 3,053 people from Limanowa's Jewish population were murdered.
- High School number 1 (Liceum Ogolnoksztalcace numer 1)
- Limanovia Limanowa, a football team playing in local league.
- Zygmunt Berling (1896–1980), Polish general, politician
- Teresa Dzielska, Polish actress (pl)
- Dorota Gawryluk (pl)
- Jakub Kot, Polish skier
- Maciej Kot (born 1991), Polish skier
- Justyna Kowalczyk, Polish female cross country skier
- Jan Krasicki (pl)
- Katarzyna Zielińska, Polish actress (pl)
Twin towns — Sister cities
Limanowa is twinned with:
- "Niles Sister Cities". Official website. The Village of Niles. 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- Official website
- Jewish Community in Limanowa on Virtual Shtetl
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Limanowa.|