Lime Street, Liverpool
The street was named for lime kilns owned by William Harvey, a local businessman. When the street was laid out in 1790 it was outside the city limits, but by 1804 the lime kilns were causing problems at a nearby infirmary. The doctors complained about the smell, and so the kilns were moved away, but the street name remained unchanged.
With the arrival of the railway line in 1851, the street moved from a marginal to a central location in the city, a position that confirmed by the creation of St George's Hall, on the side of the street opposite the station, in 1854. Wellington's Column, a monument to the Duke of Wellington was built to mark one end of the street, at the corner with William Brown Street.
The modern street is part of the A5038 road. The Lime Street name ends at the crossroads marked by the Britannia Adelphi Hotel, though, as Renshaw Street, the road continues directly uphill to St Luke's Church.
The Futurist Cinema operated on Lime Street from 1912, until the cinema's closure in 1982. The building still stands, but is currently disused.
The Liverpool Empire Theatre opened on Lime Street in 1925, and was the second theatre to be built on the site. The first theatre had opened in 1866, and was demolished in 1924. The theatre has the largest two-tier auditorium in Britain.
In 2012 the farce A Nightmare on Lime Street was performed at the Royal Court theatre in Liverpool, starring David Guest as Frankenstein's monster, being recreated in the bowels of Lime Street station.
- BBC Liverpool Lime Street history
- "Wellington Column", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 6 August 2011
- Alfred Hickling, "A Nightmare on Lime Street – review Royal Court, Liverpool", The Guardian, Thursday 29 November 2012