||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (October 2013)|
The Limerick feud is a feud between rival criminal gangs in Limerick City, Ireland. The feud which started between two criminals in 2000 spread to involve several criminal families, mainly the Keane-Collopy gang from St. Mary's Park and the McCarthy-Dundon gang from Ballinacurra Weston, and their associates. While control of the drug trade is a factor in the feud, according to Garda Superintendent Gerry Mahon, the primary driving force is "absolute hatred by each side for the other". Up to twenty murders and hundreds of shootings, stabbings and pipe bomb attacks have been attributed to the feud since it began.
Throughout the latter part of the 20th Century, Limerick has grappled with a crime problem with numerous high profile crime incidents occurring in city. In this period the city gained notoriety being dubbed Stab City by various media outlets while nationally the city gained a popular image & reputation for criminality, violent disorder & toughness. While there are a number of various & complex reasons for feuding & crime in the city, part of the problems arise from the sheer deprivation experienced in some of the suburban local authority housing estates built by Limerick Corporation from the mid to late 20th Century. By end of the 20th century endemic unemployment & deprivation in these estates were amongst the highest in Ireland fostering major anti - social behaviour in the estates as well as high levels of organised crime amongst rival gangs within the city in order to control the city's drug trade. While feuding in parts of the city go back decades the present feud can be traced back to a dispute between gang boss Christy Keane and close associate, Eddie Ryan, in 2000. Keane, a major drug dealer and leader of the Keane-Collopy gang, and Ryan, the gang's main enforcer, had a bitter falling-out after a series of violent incidents involving relatives of the men. On the afternoon of Friday, 10 November 2000, an attempt was made on the life of Christy Keane as he was collecting his son from school at Ignatious Rice College on Shelbourne Avenue. A gunman, believed to be Eddie Ryan, approached him as he sat in his car and he tried to shoot Keane but the gun jammed and Keane escaped with his life. Two nights later as forty-year-old Ryan was drinking in the Moose Bar in Cathedral Place, two gunmen entered and shot him dead. Ryan's son Keiran, who almost certainly would have been killed as well, survived as he had gone to the toilet seconds before the killers arrived at the bar. The gunmen were believed to be Keiran Keane, a brother of Christy, and Philip Collopy. As well as dozens of other serious incidents over the following year, there were at least 30 petrol bomb and gun attacks on the home of Eddie Ryan's brother, John.
The McCarthy-Dundon gang, who were involved in drug dealing, robbery and extortion, secretly agreed to join forces with the Ryan faction in an attempt to take control of the Limerick drug scene. They had been careful not to allow themselves to be seen to be allied with the Ryans and their associates. They deceived the Keane-Collopys in to believing they would remain neutral in the feud even though they had supplied them with guns previously.
It is unclear if the McCarthy-Dundons set up the "kidnapping plot", after being contracted to do so by Keiran Keane. What has been established by Gardai is that Keane had agreed to pay €60,000 in the return for the Ryan brothers' murder.
Seven days after the Ryans were "abducted" Keiran Keane and his nephew Owen Treacy went to a house in the Garryowen area of the city to meet Dessie Dundon. They believed they were going to witness the execution of the Ryan brothers or view their dead bodies. On entering the house they were confronted by several armed men, had their hands tied and were beaten. After a failed attempt by the captors to also lure brothers Keiran and Phillip Collopy in to a 'trap', Keane and Treacy were eventually brought to a country lane in Drumbanna, five miles outside the city. Keiran Keane was stabbed in the face before being shot in the back of the head. Owen Treacy was stabbed 17 times in the face, head and chest. The attackers left believing both men to be dead but Treacy survived and made his way to a nearby house for help.
Six hours later the Ryan brothers walked in to a Gardai station in Athlone. Subsequent Garda investigations revealed they had never been kidnapped and spent the week at the home of an associate in Thurles, Tipperary.
Five men were eventually convicted of Keiran Keane's murder. Dessie Dundon (aged 20), David Stanners (aged 31), James McCarthy (aged 24), Christopher Costelloe (aged 20) and Anthony McCarthy (aged 21) were all given life sentences.
John Ryan,47, was killed in Thomondgate in July 2003. Two men on a motorbike pulled up as he stood outside a house and the pillion passenger shot him several times.Twenty three-year-old Michael Campbell McNamara was a member of the Keane-Collopy gang and was centrally involved in the feud. On 21 October 2003, his mutilated body was found on waste ground near Southill, Limerick. His arms and legs were bound and he had been stabbed multiple times and shot twice. Other victims of the feud were the 2006 murders of Aidan Kelly (aged 19) shot dead near Ardnacrusha, "Fat" Frankie Ryan (aged 21), a senior McCarthy-Dundon member, shot dead in Moyross, Noel Crawford (aged 40) shot dead in Southhill after being mistaken for his brother Paul, a known McCarthy-Dundon associate and Noel Campion (aged 35), a convicted armed robber from a notorious family in Moyross, shot dead by the McCarthy-Dundons in Thomondgate.
There was over 100 shooting incidents in the city in 2007 linked to the feud as rival gang members attacked each other and each other's homes.
On 5 April 2008, Mark Moloney (aged 40), a friend of the Keane-Collopys, was shot dead at 3pm as he spoke to a friend outside a shop in Garryowen. Two days later as Gardaí searched waste ground looking for the gun used in Moloney's murder, they found the body of James Cronin (aged 20) buried in a shallow grave near Ballinacurra Weston. He had been shot in the back of the head the day before. Gardaí suspect Cronin drove the getaway car in the Maloney murder and was killed by his fellow gang members because they feared he would talk to the Gardaí if arrested.
A killing that caused a public outrage in the city was the murder of Shane Geoghegan (aged 28), who was shot dead in a case of mistaken identity near his home in Dooradoyle in November 2008. Shane was an innocent victim with no connection to the feud. The intended target was Shane's neighbour, John McNamara, an ally of the Keane-Collopys who had survived three previous attempts on his life.
Daniel Treacy, a brother of Owen, was killed on 22 February 2010 at a filling station on the Ennis Road. Thirty five-year-old Treacy, who was not involved in the feud, was shot three times in the head by a lone gunman.
Gardaí have been extremely successful at tackling the feud, which has led to a big reduction in the violence. Up to sixty key figures involved in the feud are in prison with many serving long prison sentences. Dessie, John & Wayne Dundon are serving life sentences for murder. Their brother Gerard, served time for violent disorder. Nathan Killeen, a senior McCarthy-Dundon member, is also serving a life sentence for murder and is awaiting trial for a second murder. The McCarthy-Dundons are currently led by a cousin of the Dundon bothers, who returned to Limerick from England in 2011, where he had served half an eleven-year sentence for a firearms offence. Keiran and Eddie Ryan Jnr are both in prison after being convicted of firearms offences. Many of the main players in the Keane-Collopy gang are also serving long prison sentences as well as two senior members who are under arrest in Bulgaria for drugs and firearms offences and awaiting trial. Christy Keane, despite maintaining a low profile, is suspected by Gardaí of being actively involved in the drug trade.
- "Hate instils no fear of dying and no hesitation in killing". Irish Independent. 7 February 2004.
- "Body count rises as two tribes continue to wage war". Irish Examiner. 8 April 2008.
- Family Feud, Anthony Galvin. Hodder Headline Ireland (2003) ISBN 0340831537
- "Limerick's feud: how it started and ended". The Irish Times. 16 April 2013.
- "Limerick gang war marks its 10th year". Irish Examiner. 11 November 2010.
- "Limerick feuds tear city apart". Herald. 10 November 2008.
- Crime Wars, Paul Williams (2008) Merlin Publishing ISBN 1903582830
- "Bloodbath fear after gunmen snatch brothers". The Guardian. January 25, 2003.
- Mean Streets:Limerick's Gangland, Barry Duggan, O'Brien Press (2009) ISBN 1847171443
- "Gangs of Limerick: a bloody four-year story of shooting, kidnapping and revenge". The Guardian. January 30, 2003.
- "Five men jailed for life over Keane murder". Irish Independent. December 22, 2003.
- "Man jailed for role in Limerick murder". RTÉ News. 25 July 2007.
- Woulfe, Jimmy (14 August 2013). "Life of crime runs in the family, but ends in jail". Irish Examiner..
- Cusack, Jim (24 September 2006). "One more killing and Limerick is murder capital of western Europe". Independent.ie.
- Duggan, Barry (29 May 2007). "Gardai fear trouble as man is freed". Independent.ie.
- Cusack, Jim (29 April 2007). "Murder victim was a "double agent" suspect". Independent.ie.
- Duggan, Barry (21 April 2013). "Gardai winning war on crime in gang hotspot". Independent.ie.
- "Limerickman gets 15 years for manslaughter of Mark Maloney in drive-by shooting". Limerick Leader. 1 December 2010.
- McDonald, Henry (30 November 2008). "Blindsided in gangland". The Observer.
- "Bloodbath fears as feud tears gang apart". Independent.ie. 9 April 2008.
- "Angers grows over rugby player's murder". Herald.ie. 11 November 2008..
- "Shameless". Sundayworld.com. 27 February 2012.
- O'Keeffe, Alan (22 February 2010). "Murdered for his brother". Herald.ie.
- "A bright future now dawns for Limerick". Irish Examiner. 17 August 2013.
- "Gardai "fracture" Limerick gangs as 60 jailed". Irish Examiner. 15 September 2012.
- "John Dundon guilty of murder of Shane Geoghegan". RTÉ News. 13 August 2013.
- "Court throws out Ger Dundon's appeal against five-year sentence over violent car chase". Independent.ie. 16 September 2013.
- "Wayne Dundon and Nathan Killeen given mandatory life sentences". thejournal.ie. 15 July 2014.
- "Limerick criminal Nathan Killeen charged with 2008 gun murder before special criminal court". SUNDAYWORLD.com. 2 July 2013.
- "Gang boss freed from English jail as three more begin sentences". Irish Examiner. 8 February 2011.
- "Limerick brothers Keiran and Eddie Ryan jailed for firearms offences". Limerick Leader. 30 July 2010.
- "Garda successes lead to fall in organised crime". Irish Examiner. 15 September 2012.
- "Gang boss barred from niece's communion". Sundayworld.com. 14 June 2010.
- Williams, Paul. "Crime Wars". Merlin Publishing, 2008. ISBN 1903582830
- Williams, Paul. "Badfellas". Penguin Ireland, 2012. ISBN 0241954746
- Duggan, Barry. "Mean Streets:Limerick's Gangland. O'Brien Press, 2009. ISBN 1847171443
- Galvin, Anthony. "Family Feud:Gangland Limerick Exposed. Hodder Headline Ireland, 2003. ISBN 0340831537
- Galvin, Anthony. "Blood on the Streets:A Murderous History of Limerick". Mainstream Publishing, 2013. ISBN 1780575865
- Thompson, Tony. "Gang Land:From Footsoldiers to Kingpin,the Search for Mr. Big. Hodder & Stoughton, 2011 ISBN 0340920076