Liminal deity

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A liminal deity is a god or goddess in mythology who presides over thresholds, gates, or doorways; "a crosser of boundaries".[1]

Etymology[edit]

The word "liminal", first attested to in English in 1884, comes from the Latin word "limen", meaning "threshold".[2] "Liminality" is a term given currency in twentieth century anthropology by Victor Turner of the University of Chicago.

List of liminal deities[edit]

  • Greek mythology
    • Hecate, goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts, crossroads and necromancy
    • Hermes, god of messengers, omens, roads, travellers, border crossings, trade, protection of the home, thievery, cunning wiles, and animal husbandry; messenger of the gods and guide of the dead[3]
  • Chinese mythology
    • Chen Wenlong, God of City Walls in Fuzhou
    • Fan Zeng, God of City Walls in Hezhou and He county
    • Guan Ying, God of City Walls in Longxing, Gan, Yuan, Jiang, Ji, Jianchang, Linjiang, Nanchang and Nankang
    • Huang Xie, God of City Walls in Suzhou
    • Huo Guang, Yu Bo and Chen Huacheng, Gods of City Walls in Shanghai
    • Ji Shun, God of City Walls in Zhengzhou, Zhenjiang, Qingyuan, Ningguo, Taiping, Xiangyang, Xingyuan, Fuzhou, Nanan and Huating
    • Jian Yi, God of City Walls in Tanghongzhou
    • Jiao Ming, God of City Walls in Ezhou
    • Liu Zhongyuan, God of City Walls in Liuzhou
    • Pang Yu, God of City Walls in Xiaoxing
    • Qu Tan, God of City Walls in Taizhou
    • Shen Sheng, God of City Walls in Wuzhou
    • Su Jian, God of City Walls in Yongzhou
    • Te Xuan, God of City Walls in Jinan
    • Wen Tianxiang, God of City Walls in Huangzhou
    • Xiao He, God of City Walls in Gu
    • Yang Jianshan, God of City Walls in Beijing
    • Yao Yichung, God of City Walls in Xingguojun
    • Ying Bu, God of City Walls in Zhenzhou and Liuhe
    • Ying Zhixu, God of City Walls in Yunzhou
    • Zhou Ke, God of City Walls in Jiangyin
    • Zhu Yigui, God of City Walls in Xiaonanmen

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "THE GREEK PANTHEON: HERMES". English Mythology Class Notes. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  3. ^ Palmer, Richard E. "The Liminality of Hermes and the Meaning of Hermeneutics". The Liminality of Hermes and the Meaning of Hermeneutics. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Jenkins, Stephen. "GANESHA". Retrieved 10 October 2011.