Linares, Chile

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Linares
City and Commune
Cathedral of Linares
Cathedral of Linares
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location in the Maule Region
Location in the Maule Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Linares
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 35°51′S 71°36′W / 35.850°S 71.600°W / -35.850; -71.600Coordinates: 35°51′S 71°36′W / 35.850°S 71.600°W / -35.850; -71.600
Country Chile
Region Maule
Province Linares
Founded May 23, 1794
Founded as Villa de San Ambrosio de Linares
Government[1]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Rolando Rentería Möller
Area[2]
 • Total 1,456.7 km2 (562.4 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total 87,661
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Urban 68,224
 • Rural 15,025
Demonym Linarense
Sex[2]
 • Men 40,518
 • Women 42,731
Time zone CLT [3] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [4] (UTC-3)
Postal code 3580000
Area code(s) 56 + 73
Website Official website (Spanish)

Linares is a Chilean city and commune located in the Maule Region and lies in the fertile Chilean Central Valley, 303 km (188 mi) south of Santiago and 50 km (31 mi) south of Talca, the regional capital. Linares is the capital city of the province of Linares.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Linares spans an area of 1,456.7 km2 (562 sq mi) and has 83,249 inhabitants (40,518 men and 42,731 women). Of these, 68,224 (82%) lived in urban areas and 15,025 (18%) in rural areas. The population grew by 7.7% (5,933 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

Geography[edit]

The municipality covers an area of 1.466 km2 (1 sq mi) and the city proper, 16 km2 (6 sq mi). The rivers Ancoa, Putagán and Achibueno are the main rivers that pass through the municipality or form its natural borders.

Most of the territory of the municipality is located within the central plain or "depresión intermedia" (Valle Central de Chile). Some low altitude hills are located in the westernmost part of the municipality, while its easternmost part is marked by the presence of the foothills of the Andes mountains. The municipality of Linares is bordered on the west by San Javier; on the north by Villa Alegre, Yerbas Buenas and Colbún; on the east, by Colbún, and on the south, by Longaví. The municipality of Colbún occupies the easternmost strip of the province, where some of the highest provincial peaks are located, as are the sources of several of the main rivers.

Climate[edit]

Linares has a mild Mediterranean climate. The summers are hot and mainly dry (November to March) with temperatures reaching up to 32 -33 degrees Celsius on the hottest days. The winters (late May to mid September) tend to be rather humid and rainy, with typical maximum daily temperatures of 14-15 degrees Celsius, and minimum just above freezing.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg temp. °F (°C) 70
(21)
69
(21)
63
(17)
57
(14)
52
(11)
48
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
52
(11)
57
(14)
62
(17)
68
(20)
58
(14)
Avg high °F (°C) 87
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
70
(21)
61
(16)
55
(13)
55
(13)
58
(14)
63
(17)
69
(21)
76
(24)
83
(28)
70
(21)
Avg low temperature °F (°C) 54
(12)
54
(12)
49
(9)
44
(7)
44
(7)
42
(6)
39
(4)
40
(4)
42
(6)
46
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
46
(8)
Rainfall inches (millimeters) 0.4
(10)
0.1
(3)
0.8
(20)
1.8
(45)
6.4
(163)
7.3
(187)
8.1
(206)
4.0
(61)
3.3
(83)
0,8
(20)
0,5
(13)
0,3
(8)
27.4
(694.13)
Source: Weatherbase

History and current status[edit]

Main Square, Linares, Chile

Linares was founded on May 23, 1794, as the "Villa de San Ambrosio de Linares" by Ambrosio O'Higgins, the then Viceroy of Peru and Bernardo O'Higgins's father. The city counts among its natives important statesmen, politicians, poets, writers, and musicians and is an active commercial, agricultural, industrial, and service center.

The city of Linares houses the artillery school of the Chilean Army.

From 1913 to 1954 Linares had a station on the narrow gauge Putagán—Colbún railway line between Linares and Colbún.

Religion[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the municipality of Linares, 75.41% (or 45,987 persons) of the total population aged 15 and older identified themselves as Roman Catholic; 15.74% described themselves as evangelical Protestants; and 0.61% as Jehovah's Witnesses. Additionally, 0.70% of the total population aged 15 and older identified themselves as Mormons, approximately 2.59% declared themselves followers of other religions, and 4.95% of the population declared themselves atheist or agnostic.

Linares is a see of a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church, with nine active parishes and many chapels in the comuna. There are also many churches that serve the various Protestant denominations and places of worship for Jehovah's Witnesses or Mormons.

Main sights[edit]

The city and its surroundings have many attractions, for example:

  • The Cathedral Church of San Ambrosio de Linares. This is one of the finest religious buildings built in Chile in the 20th Century. It was conceived after the Basilica of Saint Ambrose, in Milan, a noble building in the Romanesque style. The Cathedral of Linares was built after the old cathedral had been destroyed by an earthquake. Mgr. Juan Subercaseaux Errázuriz, a visionary churchman and second bishop of the Diocese of Linares, was the bright mind that conceived the new Cathedral and gave beginning to its works.
  • The parish church, Corazón de María — a church declared a National Monument for its Gothic style and beauty
  • The "Museo de Arte y Artesanía" (Museum of Arts and Crafts)
  • Some old houses of colonial style
  • A main library

Some natural attractions in the surrounding area include the piedmont of the Andes mountains, with forests of pines and other trees; lakes (the artificial Colbún lake); rivers, and good camping and hiking areas.

Other cities and towns in the province include: Colbún, Panimávida, Longaví, Parral, Retiro, San Javier, Villa Alegre and Yerbas Buenas.

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Linares is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Rolando Rentería Möller.[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Linares is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Jorge Tarud (PPD) and Romilio Gutiérrez (UDI) as part of the 39th electoral district, (together with Colbún, San Javier, Villa Alegre and Yerbas Buenas). The commune is represented in the Senate by Hernán Larraín (UDI) and Ximena Rincón González (PDC) as part of the 11th senatorial constituency (Maule-South).

Notable natives and residents of Linares (city and province)[edit]

Artists and intellectuals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Linares" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 

External links[edit]