Lincang

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Lincang
临沧市
Prefecture-level city
View of a cultivated area from a road in Lincang
View of a cultivated area from a road in Lincang
Location of Lincang City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Location of Lincang City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Lincang is located in China
Lincang
Lincang
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°53′N 100°05′E / 23.883°N 100.083°E / 23.883; 100.083
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Admin HQ Linxiang
Area
 • Total 24,469 km2 (9,448 sq mi)
Elevation 1,517 m (4,977 ft)
Population
 • Total 2,150,000
 • Density 88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 677XXX
Area code(s) 0883
Licence plate prefixes S
Website lincang.gov.cn

Lincang (simplified Chinese: 临沧; traditional Chinese: 臨滄; pinyin: Líncāng) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwest of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

Subdivisions[edit]

Map
Lincang mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Linxiang District 临翔区 Línxiáng Qū 280,000 2,652 106
2 Fengqing County 凤庆县 Fèngqìng Xiàn 420,000 3,451 122
3 Yun County 云县 Yún Xiàn 400,000 3,760 106
4 Yongde County 永德县 Yǒngdé Xiàn 330,000 3,296 100
5 Zhenkang County 镇康县 Zhènkāng Xiàn 160,000 2,642 61
6 Shuangjiang Lahu, Va, Blang and Dai Autonomous County 双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县 Shuāngjiāng Lāhùzú Wǎzú Bùlǎngzú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn 160,000 2,292 70
7 Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County 耿马傣族佤族自治县 Gěngmǎ Dǎizú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 250,000 3,837 65
8 Cangyuan Va Autonomous County 沧源佤族自治县 Cāngyuán Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 160,000 2,539 63

Geography and climate[edit]

Lincang covers latitude 23° 05′-25° 02′ N and longitude 98° 40′-100° 33′ E, thus straddling the Tropic of Cancer in the southern part of its administrative area, or prefecture. It is situated on the middle to lower reaches of the Mekong, known as the Lancang in China, and the Salween, or the Nu. Bordering prefectures are Pu'er to the southeast, and Baoshan and Dali to the northwest. It also borders Burma's Shan State. Elevations within the prefecture range from 450 to 3,504 metres (1,476 to 11,496 ft).

Located at an altitude of above 1,450 m (4,760 ft) and within 30 arc minutes to the north of the Tropic of Cancer, Lincang has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), falling just short of a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and January, respectively at 21.6 °C (70.9 °F) and 11.2 °C (52.2 °F); the annual mean is 17.53 °C (63.6 °F). June thru September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 1,160 mm (46 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days, pushing relative humidity above 80% and there is a marked reduction in sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 22% in July to 73% in January, the city receives 2,105 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Lincang (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.8
(67.6)
21.7
(71.1)
24.8
(76.6)
26.6
(79.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.6
(78.1)
24.0
(75.2)
21.4
(70.5)
19.4
(66.9)
24.1
(75.3)
Average low °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
6.6
(43.9)
9.6
(49.3)
12.9
(55.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.7
(65.7)
18.8
(65.8)
18.5
(65.3)
17.3
(63.1)
14.8
(58.6)
10.3
(50.5)
5.9
(42.6)
12.9
(55.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.0
(0.472)
19.1
(0.752)
19.9
(0.783)
33.8
(1.331)
94.7
(3.728)
191.6
(7.543)
235.3
(9.264)
223.2
(8.787)
163.8
(6.449)
99.4
(3.913)
60.2
(2.37)
10.2
(0.402)
1,163.2
(45.794)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.3 4.9 6.2 11.4 16.1 23.4 26.5 24.0 21.1 15.3 9.2 3.2 164.6
 % humidity 65 59 54 59 68 81 85 83 82 79 76 72 71.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 245.4 224.6 236.4 211.0 185.3 109.1 91.7 121.7 124.9 150.9 177.9 226.5 2,105.4
Percent possible sunshine 73 70 64 56 45 27 22 30 34 42 54 69 48
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Demography[edit]

Lincang is the mountainous home of the Wa ethnic minority and was historically seen as too "wild" to be worth settling by neighboring powers, notably British Burma and ancient China. This may have had some connection to the Wa's image as head-hunters.

Natural resources[edit]

Mineral resources mined and extracted in the Lincang area include coal (including waste coal ash), germanium and uranium.[1] Lincang is also home to the world's oldest cultivated tea tree, some 3,200 years old, in Jinxiu (Chinese: 锦绣) village, Xiaowan town, of Fengqing County.[2][3]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sparton Resources Inc.
  2. ^ The Oldest Tea Tree on the Earth, (Kunming, 2006).
  3. ^ News article about oldest tea tree

External links[edit]