Linckia guildingi

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Linckia guildingi
Tu - Linckia guildingi.jpg
"Comet" of Linckia guildingi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Valvatida
Family: Ophidiasteridae
Genus: Linckia
Species: L. guildingi
Binomial name
Linckia guildingi
Gray, 1840
Synonyms[1]
  • L. diplax (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
  • L. ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel)
  • L. nicobarica Lutken, 1871
  • L. ornithopus (Muller & Troschel, 1842)
  • L. pacifica Gray, 1840
  • Ophidiaster diplax Müller & Troschel, 1842
  • O. ehrenbergi Müller & Troschel, 1842
  • O. flaccidus Lutken, 1859
  • O. guildingi Müller & Troschel, 1842
  • O. irregularis Perrier, 1869
  • O. ornithopus Müller & Troschel, 1842
  • O. pacifica (Gray, 1840)
  • Scytaster stella Duchassaing, 1850

Linckia guildingi, also called the common comet star, Guilding's sea star or the green Linckia, is a species of sea star found in the shallow waters of the tropical Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Recent studies have indicated that Linckia guildingi may represent several cryptic species. Examination of the mtDNA showed that there are two clades within L. guildingi. The divergence between these implies that they separated over a million years ago.[3]

Description[edit]

L. guildingi has a small disc and usually 5 (occasionally 4 or 6) long cylindrical arms. The upper surface appears smooth but is in fact rough to the touch with low, firm nodules. Though this starfish is often green, it comes in a range of colours including various shades of brown, blue and dull red.[4]

Biology[edit]

L. guildingi sometimes exhibits autotomy, shedding one or more of its arms. In a study on Hawaii, it was found that autotomy happens less frequently than in the related species, Linckia multifora, also found in these waters. In time the arm will regenerate and in both species, the detached arms, known as "comets", are capable of moving about independently and themselves developing into new individuals, a form of asexual reproduction. The process is quite slow, it taking 6 months for the madreporite to appear. At 10 months it became functional and the new arms had reached 10mm (0.4 in) long as shown in the image above.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840 World Asteroidea Database. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  2. ^ ITIS Standard Report Page: Linckia guildingi
  3. ^ S. T. Williams (1999). "Species boundaries in the starfish genus Linckia". Marine Biology (SpringerLink) 136 (1): 137–148. doi:10.1007/s002270050016. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  4. ^ Linckia Stars Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  5. ^ Autotomy and Regeneration in Hawaiian Starfishes Retrieved 2011-09-25.