Lincoln (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lincoln
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Lincoln in Lincolnshire.
Outline map
Location of Lincolnshire within England.
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 72,662 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Lincoln
Current constituency
Created 1265
Member of Parliament Karl McCartney (Conservative)
Number of members Two until 1885, then one
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Lincoln is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Karl McCartney, a Conservative.[n 2]

With the splitting of the City of York constituency at the 2010 general election, Lincoln became the oldest constituency in continuous existence in the United Kingdom having been established in 1265.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency, as its name suggests, covers the cathedral city[n 3] of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, and most of its directly adjoining villages.

History[edit]

Lincoln first sent Members to Parliament in 1265, 30 years before the first all-over coverage of cities and qualifying towns was introduced in the Model Parliament and has continued ever since, although no returns exist before the end of the 13th century. The early elections were held at the Guildhall and burgesses selected were usually officials of the borough.

The representation, originally two Members ("burgesses"), was reduced to one Member in 1885.

It was represented for five years by the future Cabinet minister Margaret Jackson, later Margaret Beckett.[n 4] Lincoln became the oldest constituency in the country in 2010 when the City of York's constituency was divided.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes the University of Lincoln. Before 1974 Lincoln was continuously held since Labour Party from 1945, often presenting the picture in results of a safe seat. The city is on the East Coast Main Line and enjoys good links with Nottingham, Hull and the smaller traditional market towns spread around the county such as Spalding, Market Rasen and Boston. Lincoln has been a bellwether constituency since October 1974, having voted for the winning party in each election since that time.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1265–1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1383 Robert Saltby [2]
1386 Robert Sutton Robert Saltby[3]
1388 (Feb) Robert Sutton John Sutton[3]
1388 (Sep) Gilbert Beesby Robert Harworth[3]
1390 (Jan) Nicholas Werk Robert Peck[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Robert Sutton Robert Ledes[3]
1393 Thomas Thornagh John Belasise[3]
1394 Robert Sutton Robert Messingham[3]
1395 Robert Harworth Robert Ledes[3]
1397 (Jan) Robert Sutton Robert Appleby[3]
1397 (Sep) Seman Laxfield John Thorley[3]
1399 Robert Sutton William Blyton[3]
1401 Robert Harworth Gilbert Beesby[3]
1402 John Balderton William Blyton[3]
1404 (Jan) Seman Laxfield William Dalderby[3]
1404 (Oct) Nicholas Huddleston Robert Appleby[3]
1406 Richard Worsop Thomas Forster[3]
1407 Richard Worsop Richard Bell[3]
1410  ?
1411 John Bigge John Belasise[3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Dalderby Thomas Forster[3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Ryle Thomas Teryng[3]
1415 Thomas Archer Thomas Forster[3]
1416 (Mar) John Bigge Hamon Sutton[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Archer Robert Walsh[3]
1419  ?
1420 John Bigge Hamon Sutton[3]
1421 (May) John Bigge Hamon Sutton[3]
1421 (Dec) William Leadenham Richard Walsh[3]
1423 Hamon Sutton
1425 Hamon Sutton
1426 Hamon Sutton
1459 Thomas Fitzwilliam[4]
1510  ?
1512 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke[5]
1515 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke[5]
1523 Richard Clerke John Halton[5]
1529 Vincent Grantham William Sammes[5]
1536 Vincent Grantham Thomas Moigne[5]
1539 Robert Dighton Anthony Missenden[5]
1542 Anthony Missenden, died
and repl. in Jan 1543 by
George St Poll
William Alanson[5]
1545 George St Poll William Yates[5]
1547 George St Poll Thomas Grantham[5]
1553 (Mar)  ?Robert Farrar  ?
1553 (Oct) George St Poll Robert Farrar[5]
1554 (Apr) Robert Farrar William Rotheram[5]
1554 (Nov) George St Poll Robert Farrar[5]
1555 Robert Farrar  ?[5]
1558 George St Poll Francis Kempe[5]
1558/9 Anthony Thorold Robert Farrar[6]
1562/3 Robert Monson Robert Farrar[6]
1571 Thomas Wilson Robert Monson[6]
1572 (May) Thomas Wilson John Welcome[6]
1584 Stephen Thymbleby John Joye[6]
1586 John Savile, 1st Baron Savile of Pontefract Thomas Fairfax[6]
1588/9 George Anton Peter Eure[6]
1593 George Anton Charles Dymoke[6]
1597 Thomas Grantham George Anton[6]
1601 (Oct) George Anton Francis Bullingham[6]
1604 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Tyrwhit
1614 Sir Thomas Grantham Edward Bash
1621 Sir Lewis Watson, (1st Baronet) Sir Edward Ayscough
1624 Sir Lewis Watson, 1st Baronet Thomas Hatcher
1625 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir John Monson
1626 Sir Thomas Grantham Robert Monson
1628-1629 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Ayscough
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
April 1640 Thomas Grantham John Farmery
November 1640 Thomas Grantham John Broxholme died 1647
and repl. by
Thomas Lister
1654 William Marshall Original Peart
1656 Humphrey Walcot Original Peart
1659 Thomas Jr Spaine Thomas Meres

MPs 1660–1886[edit]

Election Member[7] Party Member[7] Party
1660 John Monson Sir Thomas Meres
1661 Sir Robert Bolles, Bt
1664 Sir John Monson
1675 Henry Monson
1681 Sir Thomas Hussey, Bt
1685 Henry Monson
1689, January Sir Christopher Nevile
1689, May Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1690 Sir John Bolles, Bt.
1695 William Monson
1698 Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1701, January Sir Thomas Meres
1701, December Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1702 Sir Thomas Meres
1705 Thomas Lister
1710 Richard Grantham
1713 John Sibthorpe
1715 Sir John Tyrwhitt, Bt Richard Grantham
1722 Sir John Monson
1727 Charles Hall
1728 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 5th Bt
1734 Charles Monson Coningsby Sibthorpe
1741 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 6th Bt
1747 Coningsby Sibthorpe
1754 George Monson John Chaplin
1761 Coningsby Sibthorpe
1768 Thomas Scrope Constantine John Phipps[8]
1774 The Viscount Lumley Robert Vyner
1780 Sir Thomas Clarges, Bt
1783 John Fenton-Cawthorne[9]
1784 Richard Lumley-Savile
1790 The Lord Hobart[10]
1796, 14 May George Rawdon
1796, 25 May Richard Ellison
1800 Humphrey Sibthorp
1806 William Monson
1808 The Earl of Mexborough
1812 John Nicholas Fazakerley Sir Henry Sullivan
1814 Coningsby Waldo-Sibthorpe
1818 Ralph Bernal
1820 Robert Percy Smith
1822 John Williams
1826 John Nicholas Fazakerley Charles Delaet Waldo Sibthorp
1830 John Fardell
1831 George Fieschi Heneage
1832 Edward Lytton Bulwer[11]
1835 Charles Delaet Waldo Sibthorp Conservative
1841 William Rickford Collett
1847 Charles Seely [12]
1848 by-election Thomas Benjamin Hobhouse
1852 George Fieschi Heneage
1856 by-election Gervaise Tottenham Waldo Sibthorp Conservative
1861 by-election Charles Seely Liberal
1862 by-election John Bramley-Moore Conservative
1865 Edward Heneage[13] Liberal
1868 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1874 Edward Chaplin Conservative
1880 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1884 by-election Joseph Ruston Liberal

MPs 1885–present[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 Joseph Ruston Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1886 Frederick Harold Kerans Conservative
1892 William Crosfield Liberal
1895 Charles Hilton Seely Liberal Unionist
1906 Charles Henry Roberts Liberal
1918 Alfred Thomas Davies Coalition Conservative
1924 Robert Arthur Taylor Labour
1931 Walter Sydney Liddall Conservative
1945 George Deer Labour
1950 Geoffrey de Freitas Labour
1962 by-election Dick Taverne Labour
1972–1973 vacant
1973 by-election Dick Taverne (re-elected) Lincoln Democratic Labour Association
Oct 1974 Margaret Jackson later Beckett Labour
1979 Kenneth Carlisle Conservative
1997 Gillian Merron Labour
2010 Karl McCartney Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Lincoln[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Karl McCartney 17,163 37.5 +4.6
Labour Gillian Merron 16,105 35.2 -10.2
Liberal Democrat Reg Shore 9,256 20.2 +2.0
BNP Robert West 1,367 3.0 N/A
UKIP Nick Smith 1,004 2.2 -1.3
English Democrats Ernest Coleman 604 1.3 N/A
Independent Gary Walker 222 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,058 2.3
Turnout 45,721 62.2 +4.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 6.75

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gillian Merron 16,724 45.4 -8.5
Conservative Karl McCartney 12,110 32.9 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 6,715 18.2 +5.5
UKIP Nicholas Smith 1,308 3.5 +1.2
Majority 4,613 12.5
Turnout 36,856 56.5 +0.5
Labour hold Swing 5.1
General Election 2001: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gillian Merron 20,003 53.9 -1.0
Conservative Christine-Anne Talbot 11,583 31.2 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 4,703 12.7 +1.8
UKIP Rodger Doughty 836 2.3 N/A
Majority 8,420 22.7
Turnout 37,125 56.0 -15.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gillian Merron 25,563 54.9
Conservative Tony Brown 14,433 31.0
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 5,048 10.8
Referendum Party John Ivory 1,329 2.9
Natural Law Adrian Myers 175 0.4
Majority 11,130
Turnout 71.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Lincoln[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 28,792 46.1 −0.4
Labour Nick Butler 26,743 42.8 +9.2
Liberal Democrat David Harding-Price 6,316 10.1 −9.3
Liberal Mrs Sue E. Wiggin 603 1.0 +1.0
Majority 2,049 3.3 −9.6
Turnout 62,454 79.1 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 27,097 46.5
Labour Nick Butler 19,614 33.7
Social Democratic P. Zentner 6,316 10.1
RRPRC T. B. Kyle 232 0.4
Majority 7,483 12.8
Turnout 75.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 25,244 46.4
Labour M. Withers 14,958 27.5
Social Democratic F. Stockdale 13,631 25.1
Independent G. Blades 523 1.0
Majority 10,286 18.9
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 17,777 41.8
Labour Margaret Jackson 17,175 40.4
Liberal K. Melton 5,638 13.3
Democratic Labour F. Stockdale 1,743 4.1
National Front J. Noble 523 1.0
Revolutionary Reform T. Kyle 77 0.2
Majority 602 1.4
Turnout 77.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Jackson 14,698 37.1
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 13,714 34.6
Conservative Peter Miles Moran 11,223 28.3
Majority 984 2.5
Turnout 74.8
Labour gain from Democratic Labour Swing
General Election February 1974: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 14,780 35.6
Labour Margaret Jackson 13,487 32.5
Conservative Paul Miles Moran 13,299 32.0
Majority 1,293 3.1
Turnout 79.1
Democratic Labour hold Swing
Lincoln by-election, 1973
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 21,967
Labour John Dilks 8,776
Conservative Jonathan Guinness 6,616
Democratic Conservative Reginald Simmerson 198
Majority Rule Malcolm Waller 100
Independent Jean Justice 81
Majority 13,191
Turnout
Democratic Labour gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1970: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dick Taverne 20,090 51.0
Conservative Richard Alexander 15,340 39.0
Independent G. T. Blades 3,937 10.0
Majority 4,750 12.1
Turnout 74.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dick Taverne 23,006 58.3
Conservative R.T. Alexander 16,469 41.7
Majority 6,537 16.6
Turnout 78.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dick Taverne 19,737 47.8
Conservative Michael McNair-Wilson 15,015 36.4
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,519 15.8
Majority 4,722 11.4
Turnout 80.3
Labour hold Swing
Lincoln by-election, 1962: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dick Taverne 19,038
Conservative WP Grieve 11,386
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,856
Independent Capt. A. Taylor 412
Majority 7,652
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,629 55.1
Conservative LH Priestly 19,240 44.9
Majority 4,389 10.2
Turnout 84.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,773 56.2
Conservative Peter Emery 18,551 43.8
Majority 5,222 12.3
Turnout 85.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,400 54.1
Conservative Maurice Macmillan 19,840 45.9
Majority 3,560 8.2
Turnout 87.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 21,537 50.0
Conservative James William Francis Hill 17,784 41.3
Liberal Jean Mary Henderson 3,753 8.7
Majority 3,753 8.7
Turnout 88.7
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Deer 14,052 41.2
Conservative Sir Walter Sydney Liddall 10,414 30.6
Liberal Fl-Lt. Frederick Charles Truman 9,625 28.2
Majority 3,638 10.7
Turnout 80.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Sydney Liddall 17,948 54.0
Labour George Deer 15,264 46.0
Majority 2,684 8.1
Turnout 84.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Sydney Liddall 20,688 58.9
Labour RA Taylor 14,455 41.1
Majority 6,233 17.7
Turnout 88.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Lincoln[16]

Electorate 31,365

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 11,114 47.7 +0.6
Labour Robert Arthur Taylor 6,658 28.5 n/a
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 5,550 23.8 -29.1
Majority 4,456 19.2 25.0
Turnout 74.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.8
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
Charles Roberts
General Election December 1910 Lincoln[17]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 5,484 52.9 +2.7
Conservative Sir Robert Marcus Filmer 4,878 47.1 +17.0
Majority 606 5.8 -14.3
Turnout 10,362
Liberal hold Swing -7.1
General Election January 1910 Lincoln[17]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 5,402 50.2 -1.0
Conservative Sir Robert Marcus Filmer 3,236 30.1 +18.5
Liberal Unionist Charles Hilton Seely 2,129 19.8 -17.4
Majority 2,166 20.1 +6.1
Turnout 10,767
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Lincoln[17]

Electorate 10,645

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 5,110 51.2 +1.6
Liberal Unionist Charles Hilton Seely 3,718 37.2 -3.2
Conservative Henry Page Croft 1,162 11.6 n/a
Majority 1,392 14.0 14.8
Turnout 93.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.4
General Election 1900 Lincoln[17]

Electorate 8,846

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Charles Hilton Seely 4,002 50.4
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 3,935 49.6
Majority 67 0.8
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Lincoln Cathedral was from 1311 until an intense storm in 1549 the world's tallest building
  4. ^ Changed seat in 1983 to serve Derby South which she has held to date (winning most recently in 2010)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "SALTBY, Robert, of Lincoln.". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  4. ^ "Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas, Speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  7. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ Constantine Phipps later succeeded to the peerage as the 2nd Baron Mulgrave
  9. ^ John Fenton-Cawthorne was expelled from the House of Commons on 2 May 1796
  10. ^ Robert Hobart was known as Robert Hobart until 1793, and as Lord Hobart from 1793 until he acceded to the peerage in 1804 as the 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire
  11. ^ Edward Lytton Bulwer was known as Bulwer-Lytton from 1844, and in 1866 became the 1st Baron Lytton
  12. ^ The election in 1847 of Charles Seely was declared void on 10 March 1848
  13. ^ Edward Heneage was later enobled as Baron Heneage
  14. ^ ukpollingreport
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°14′N 0°32′W / 53.23°N 0.54°W / 53.23; -0.54