Lincoln (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal electoral district. For the Ontario provincial district, see Lincoln (provincial electoral district).

Lincoln was a federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1883 and from 1904 to 1997. It was on the Niagara Peninsula in the Canadian province of Ontario. At various times, there was also an electoral district of the same name used in provincial elections.

At various times, the riding included all or parts of the former Lincoln County (including its successor, the Regional Municipality of Niagara). After 1976, it also represented parts of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, mainly Stoney Creek. As a suburban riding of Hamilton, it tended to vote Conservative much more often than the city proper.

By the 1997 election, the riding borders and name were changed to Stoney Creek although it included many areas outside that city.

Geography[edit]

It initially consisted of the Townships of Clinton, Grantham, Grimsby, and Louth, and the Town of St. Catharines. It was abolished in 1882 when it was redistributed between Lincoln and Niagara and Wentworth South ridings.

It was recreated from those two ridings in 1903, and defined as consisting of the County of Lincoln.

In 1947, it was defined as consisting of the county of Lincoln, including the city of St. Catharines.

In 1966, it was defined as consisting of

(a) in the County of Lincoln, the southeast part of the City of St. Catharines, and the Townships of Caistor, Clinton, Gainsborough, Grimsby North, Grimsby South, Louth and Niagara;

(b) in the County of Welland, the Townships of Pelham and Thorold.

In 1976, it was defined as consisting of:

(a) in the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, the Town of Stoney Creek and the part of the City of Hamilton east of Red Hill Creek between Windermere Road in the north and the brow of the Mountain and the limit of the City of Hamilton in the south, and (b) in the Regional Municipality of Niagara, the Towns of Grimsby and Lincoln.

In 1987, the City of Hamilton part of the ridings was redefined to consist of the part of the city south of Queenston Road, east of Redhill Creek and north of the brow of the Niagara Escarpment.

It was abolished in 1996 when it was redistributed between Erie—Lincoln and Stoney Creek ridings.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding elected the following members of the Canadian House of Commons:

Electoral history[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative James Rea Benson acclaimed
By-election on 13 April 1868

James Benson called to the Senate, 14 March 1868

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Thomas Rodman Merritt 720
Unknown O.S. Phillips 120
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Thomas Rodman Merritt 1,118
Unknown J. McKowins 555
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James Norris 1,493
Unknown T. Clark 1,338
By-election on 17 November 1874

James Norris was unseated, 8 September 1874

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James Norris 1,406
Unknown Augustus Jukes 1,270
Unknown Reuben Wynne 7
By-election on 9 May 1877

James Norris resigned, April 1877

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James Norris 1,831
Unknown James Miller 1,746
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Charles Rykert 1,893
Liberal James Norris 1,799
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Arthur Lancaster 3,558
Liberal E.J. Lovelace 3,240
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Arthur Lancaster 3,853
Liberal Welland Devaux Woodruff 3,604
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Arthur Lancaster 4,576
Liberal Edwin John Lovelace 3,023
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Government (Unionist) James Dew Chaplin 9,335
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Edwin John Lovelace 3,816
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative James Dew Chaplin 8,087
Labour Edwin John Lovelace 6,212
Progressive Arthur Adams Craise 3,066
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative James Dew Chaplin 12,054
Liberal Hamilton Killally Woodruff 5,942
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative James Dew Chaplin 11,475
Liberal Terrence Myles Mccarron 5,555
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative James Dew Chaplin 13,474
Liberal May Louise Greenwood 7,526
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Norman James Macdonald Lockhart 11,398
Liberal Albert Ernest Coombs 11,135
Reconstruction Howard L. Craise 2,349
Co-operative Commonwealth George Pay 1,224
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
National Government Norman James Macdonald Lockhart 13,331
Liberal John Joseph Bench 12,921
Co-operative Commonwealth John Scott 2,443
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Norman James Macdonald Lockhart 15,911
Liberal Edward Frank McCordick 10,962
Co-operative Commonwealth Allen E. Schroeder 4,540
Labor–Progressive Thomas Wakefield Dealy 1,514
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Harry Cavers 17,407
Progressive Conservative C. Bruce Hill 14,038
Co-operative Commonwealth Allen Eugene Schroeder 5,793
Independent Howard Prentice 742
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Harry Cavers 16,113
Progressive Conservative Romaine Kay Ross 14,694
Co-operative Commonwealth Ralph H. Frayne 4,575
Christian Liberal Howard A. Prentice 1,505
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative John Smith 25,409
Liberal Harry Cavers 15,794
Co-operative Commonwealth Auldham Roy Petrie 4,829
Social Credit Howard Prentice 2,233
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative John Smith 29,958
Liberal Harry Cavers 15,063
Co-operative Commonwealth Auldham Roy Petrie 4,978
Social Credit Howard Prentice 949
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James C. McNulty 23,386
Progressive Conservative John Smith 20,445
Social Credit Herbert Heppner 5,262
New Democratic Rose Cookson 5,130
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James C. McNulty 25,902
Progressive Conservative Romaine K. Ross 21,345
New Democratic Rose Cookson 5,315
Social Credit James R. Walters 2,841
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James C. McNulty 25,820
Progressive Conservative Joe Reid 19,324
New Democratic Arthur Matti Peltomaa 8,395
Social Credit George S. Mallory 1,913
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal H. Gordon Barrett 13,328
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Higson 12,692
New Democratic John Martin 6,763
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Higson 16,840
Liberal H. Gordon Barrett 13,562
New Democratic Ron Leavens 6,714
Social Credit Jim Walters 612
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Andres 17,499
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Higson 14,221
New Democratic Ron Leavens 6,548
Social Credit James Robert Walters 611
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Higson 19,612
Liberal Norm Marshall 15,026
New Democratic Ken Lee 13,400
Marxist–Leninist Don McLean 151
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Bryce Mackasey 17,449
Progressive Conservative Kenneth Higson 16,741
New Democratic Kenneth I. Lee 13,500
Marxist–Leninist Don McLean 133
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Shirley Martin 26,318
Liberal Joseph Macaluso 14,646
New Democratic John Mayer 11,888
Green Robert A. Keddy 345
Independent Larry E. Johnston 171
Independent Ann Stasiuk 121
Social Credit A. J. Sid Hamelin 120
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Shirley Martin 19,955
Liberal John Munro 19,517
New Democratic John Mayer 9,037
Christian Heritage Peggy Humby 2,742
Independent Albert Papazian 280
Independent David Olchowecki 76
Independent Ann Stasiuk 67
Independent André Vachon 28


Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Tony Valeri 29,048 52.19 $48,491
     Reform Andy Sweck 14,325 25.74 $36,455
     Progressive Conservative Jim Merritt 8,731 15.69 $43,063
     New Democratic Party Peter Cassidy 2,182 3.92 $16,976
     National Brian Dolby 935 1.68 $3,164
     Natural Law Cynthia Marchand 307 0.55 $200
     Non-Affiliated Ken Morningstar 128 0.23 $247
Total valid votes 55,656 100.00
Total rejected ballots 544
Turnout 56,200 72.08
Electors on the lists 77,974
Source: Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. Financial figures taken from official contributions and expenses provided by Elections Canada.

External links[edit]