PC CC OOnt CD QC LLD LLB
|24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario|
September 20, 1985 – December 10, 1991
|Governor General||Jeanne Sauvé|
|Preceded by||John Black Aird|
|Succeeded by||Henry N. R. Jackman|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Hamilton West
June 25, 1968 – May 28, 1980
|Preceded by||Joseph Macaluso|
|Succeeded by||Stanley Hudecki|
|Born||Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
January 21, 1922
|Died||October 19, 2012 (aged 90)
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
|Spouse(s)||Yvonne Harrison (1948-1999, her death)
Marni Beal (2011–2012)
|Occupation||Barrister and solicitor|
Lincoln MacCauley Alexander, PC CC OOnt CD QC (January 21, 1922 – October 19, 2012) was a Canadian politician and statesman who served as a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons, the federal Minister of Labour, and later as the 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, from 1985 to 1991. Alexander was also a governor of the Canadian Unity Council.
Alexander was born in Toronto, Ontario, to Mae Rose, who migrated from Jamaica, and Lincoln Alexander, Sr., a porter on the Canadian Pacific Railway who came to Canada from St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Alexander went to Earl Grey Public School and Riverdale Collegiate. As a teen Alexander moved to Harlem with his older half-brother Ridley and his mother after she was the victim of a violent altercation with his father. In New York he went to DeWitt Clinton High School, but returned to Canada in 1939. He first distinguished himself in service to Canada in the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War. After the war Alexander completed his studies at Hamilton Central Collegiate and then to McMaster University in 1946 to study economics and history. Alexander graduated from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto in 1953. He then practiced law in Hamilton with the firms Okuloski & Okuloski; Duncan & Alexander; and Millar, Alexander, Tokiwa & Issacs.
In 1968, Alexander ran in the Canadian federal election as the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada candidate in the Hamilton West electoral district. He won, becoming Canada's first black Member of Parliament. He held the seat through four successive elections until stepping down in 1980.
While in office, he spoke to the press about then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's alleged profanity in the fuddle duddle incident and was an observer to the United Nations in 1976 and 1978. In the brief government headed by Joe Clark from 1979 to 1980, Alexander served as Minister of Labour. He resigned his seat in 1980 to serve as chairman of the Ontario Worker's Compensation Board.
In 1985, on the advice of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Governor General Jeanne Sauvé appointed Alexander as Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. He became the first black person to serve in a viceregal position in Canada. (James Douglas, who was of mixed descent, was Governor of Vancouver Island and of British Columbia prior to Canadian Confederation when these were British colonies with no connection to the Canadas.) During his appointment, he focused attention on education, racism and youth issues.
Later life and death
In 1992, Alexander was appointed to the Order of Ontario. He also became a Companion of the Order of Canada. From 1991 to 2007, he served as Chancellor of the University of Guelph. His term exceeded that of any of his predecessors, and he assumed the office of Chancellor Emeritus.
In 2000, Alexander was named Chair of the Canadian Race Relations Foundation, where he remained an active spokesman on race relations and veterans' issues. Until the time of his death, he was the Honorary Patron of the Hamilton, Ontario branch of St. John Ambulance, as well as Honorary Chief of the Hamilton Police Service.
In November 2006, his autobiography Go to School, You're a Little Black Boy: The Honourable Lincoln M. Alexander: A Memoir was published.
Alexander died in his sleep on the morning of October 19, 2012, at the age of 90. The national and provincial flags outside the Ontario Legislative Building were flown at half-mast and tributes were given by various viceroys and politicians. His body lay in state, first inside the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park, followed by Hamilton City Hall. He was survived by his second wife Marni and son Keith from his marriage to his first wife Yvonne Harrison (predeceased in 1999). Also survived by daughter-in-law Joyce and grandchildren Erika and Marissa.
Alexander was accorded a state funeral which was conducted at Hamilton Place and attended by 1,500 people including the Mayor of Hamilton Bob Bratina, Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty, former Premier David Peterson, Governor General David Johnston, former Governor General Michaëlle Jean, Prime Minister Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister Joe Clark and federal cabinet minister Julian Fantino.
Titles, styles, honours, and arms
|Viceregal styles of
Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
|Reference style||His Honour the Honourable|
|Spoken style||Your Honour|
- January 21, 1922–June 4, 1979: Mister Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
- June 4, 1979–September 20, 1985: The Honourable Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
- September 20, 1985–December 10, 1991: His Honour the Honourable Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
- December 10, 1991–October 19, 2012: The Honourable Lincoln MacCauley Alexander
- June 4, 1979–October 19, 2012: Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada (PC)
- April 30, 1992–October 19, 2012: Companion of the Order of Canada (CC)
- 1992–2012: Member of the Order of Ontario (O.Ont)
- : Knight of the Order of St. John (KstJ) 1985
- : Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
- : War Medal 1939–1945
- : Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)
- : 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal (1992)
- : Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
- : Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
- : Canadian Forces Decoration (CD) 1994
- Honorary Degrees
Lincoln Alexander Received Honorary Degrees from Numerous Universities Including
- University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario in 1986
- McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario in 1987
- University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario in 1988
- York University in Toronto, Ontario in 1990
- Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario in 1991
- Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario in 1992
- Roads, highways, and bridges
- Ontario: Lincoln Alexander Public School, Ajax
- Ontario: Lincoln Alexander Public School, Hamilton
- Ontario: Lincoln Alexander Public School, Markham
- Ontario: Lincoln M. Alexander Secondary School, Mississauga
- Ontario: Alexander Hall, University of Guelph
- Ontario: 876 Lincoln Alexander Royal Canadian Air Cadets Squadron
- Ontario: Lincoln M. Alexander Building, 777 Memorial Ave, Orillia, OPP headquarters
- Criger, Erin (October 19, 2012). "Former Ontario Lt.-Gov. Lincoln Alexander dies at 90". CityNews. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- Martin, Sandra (October 19, 2012). "Obituary: Former lieutenant-governor took discrimination as personal challenge". Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- Wells, John (October 20, 2012). "A life well lived: Linc exits the stage at 90". The Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- York University "York University's Osgoode Hall Law School Alumni Association honours three outstanding members of the legal profession". York University. 3 April 1997. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- Wells, Jon (October 20, 2012). "Lincoln Alexander dies at 90". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Alexander, Lincoln; Shoveller, Herb (2006). Go to School, You're a Little Black Boy. Toronto: Dundurn.
- CBC News (October 19, 2012). "Lincoln Alexander, Canada's 1st black MP, dies". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- Babbage, Maria (October 19, 2012). "Lincoln Alexander dies at 90". Toronto Star. Canadian Press. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- "Canada's first black MP, Lincoln Alexander, dies at 90". CTV News. Canadian Press. October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
- Associated Press, WP (October 20, 2012). "State funeral planned for Lincoln Alexander, Canada’s first black member of <Parliament". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Erika Alexander remembers her grandfather Lincoln". CBC.ca. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- Humphrys, Adrian (October 27, 2012). "State funeral honours former Ontario lieutenant governor Lincoln Alexander’s ‘life of firsts’". National Post. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
- Coyle, Jim (October 27, 2012). "Lincoln Alexander: Hundreds line streets for state funeral". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 24 May 2010
- "Lincoln M. Alexander Award". Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- Canadian Heraldic Authority (Volume II), Ottawa, 1992
- Lincoln Alexander – Parliament of Canada biography
- Description of Lincoln M. Alexander Award
- Short interview after book launch
- biography of his career with the Canadian Air Force
|Chancellor of the University of Guelph