Lincoln City, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lincoln City, Oregon
City
Part of the coastline at Lincoln City
Part of the coastline at Lincoln City
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°58′20″N 124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111Coordinates: 44°58′20″N 124°0′40″W / 44.97222°N 124.01111°W / 44.97222; -124.01111
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lincoln
Incorporated 1965
Government
 • Mayor Dick Anderson
Area[1]
 • Total 5.68 sq mi (14.71 km2)
 • Land 5.65 sq mi (14.63 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 4 ft (1 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,930
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 7,965
 • Density 1,403.5/sq mi (541.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97367
Area code(s) 541/458
FIPS code 41-42600[2]
GNIS feature ID 1158323 [4]
Website www.lincolncity.org

Lincoln City is a city in Lincoln County, Oregon, United States. It is named after the county, which was named in honor of former U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The population was 7,930 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Lincoln City was incorporated on March 3, 1965, uniting the cities of Delake, Oceanlake and Taft, and the unincorporated communities of Cutler City and Nelscott. These were adjacent communities along U.S. Route 101, which serves as Lincoln City's main street. The name "Lincoln City" was chosen from contest entries submitted by local school children. The contest was held when it was determined that using one of the five communities' names would be too controversial.[5]

Former communities[edit]

Cutler City[edit]

Cutler City was located on the east shore of Siletz Bay. The community was started by Mr. and Mrs. George Cutler. It is claimed they received the property from Chief Charles "Charley" DePoe of the Siletz tribe (part of the present-day Confederated Tribes of the Siletz). Cutler City post office ran from 1930 until the formation of Lincoln City.[6]

Delake[edit]

Delake was near Devils Lake, and was named for the way the local Finnish people pronounced the name of the lake. Delake post office was established in 1924, and reestablished as Oceanlake (see below) in 1927.[6]

Nelscott[edit]

Nelscott was named by combining the surnames of Charles P. Nelson and Dr. W.G. Scott, who founded the community in 1926. Nelscott post office ran from 1929 until incorporation as Lincoln City.[6] Nelscott Reef is known for its surf and was in Surfer Magazine in 2003 as one of the Pacific Ocean's best places to surf.[7][8]

Oceanlake[edit]

Oceanlake was named for its position between Devils Lake and the Pacific Ocean. Its post office ran from 1927 until incorporation as Lincoln City.[6] In 1945, Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach and incorporated as a city.[citation needed] The neighborhood is home to Oceanlake Elementary School.

Taft[edit]

Taft was named for the 27th U.S. president William Howard Taft. Taft post office was established in 1906, and was named when Taft was Secretary of War. The post office ran until incorporation as Lincoln City.[6]

Wecoma Beach[edit]

Oceanlake annexed Wecoma Beach, a community[9] to the north, and was incorporated on November 3, 1945.[10] Wecoma is a Chinook jargon word meaning "sea".[6] The post office at this locale was originally named Wecoma.[6] It was changed to Wecoma Beach in 1949.[6] The office is no longer in operation.[11]

Government[edit]

The city operates under a city charter, with a paid city manager acting as chief executive,[12] and a non-paid mayor, who is elected for a four-year term, and six-member city council.[13] The city council is elected from three wards and serves four-year terms.[14]

Economy[edit]

Lincoln City has two primary economic resources: tourism and retirement.[13]

In 1995 the Confederated Tribes of Siletz opened Chinook Winds Casino at the northern end of the city on property overlooking the Pacific Ocean.[15]

Major employers include Chinook Winds Casino, city government, Lincoln County School District, and Samaritan North Lincoln Hospital.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.68 square miles (14.71 km2), of which, 5.65 square miles (14.63 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[1]

Lincoln City is home to one of the world's shortest rivers, the D River, connecting Devils Lake with the Pacific Ocean.

Climate[edit]

The average low temperature in December, the coldest month, is 36 °F (2 °C), and in August, the warmest month, the average high is 72 °F (22 °C). The driest month on average is July, with December the wettest. The average annual precipitation is 97.27 inches (2,471 mm). The average July afternoon humidity is 75%, and the average January afternoon humidity is 84%.[16]

Climate data for Lincoln City, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
72
(22)
78
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
99
(37)
98
(37)
99
(37)
92
(33)
86
(30)
76
(24)
64
(18)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
51
(11)
55
(13)
58
(14)
63
(17)
66
(19)
71
(22)
72
(22)
70
(21)
61
(16)
52
(11)
47
(8)
59.5
(15.3)
Average low °F (°C) 38
(3)
38
(3)
39
(4)
40
(4)
44
(7)
48
(9)
50
(10)
51
(11)
48
(9)
45
(7)
40
(4)
36
(2)
43.1
(6.1)
Record low °F (°C) 4
(−16)
11
(−12)
23
(−5)
28
(−2)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
35
(2)
39
(4)
32
(0)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
4
(−16)
4
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm) 14.59
(370.6)
10.88
(276.4)
10.59
(269)
7.32
(185.9)
5.16
(131.1)
3.91
(99.3)
1.39
(35.3)
1.47
(37.3)
3.15
(80)
7.5
(191)
14.64
(371.9)
14.75
(374.7)
97.27
(2,471)
 % humidity 91.3 80.6 77.6 84.9 80.4 84.1 88.9 85.1 85.5 82.5 88.5 84.1 84.46
[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 3,400
1970 4,198 23.5%
1980 5,469 30.3%
1990 5,892 7.7%
2000 7,437 26.2%
2010 7,930 6.6%
source:[2][17]

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,930 people, 3,645 households, and 1,959 families residing in the city. The population density was about 1,404 inhabitants per square mile (542.1 /km2). There were 6,025 housing units at an average density of about 1,066 per square mile (411.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.7% White, 0.4% African American, 3.5% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% of the population.[2]

There were 3,645 households of which about 22% had children under the age of 18 living with them, about 37% were married couples living together, 12% had a female householder with no husband present, about 5% had a male householder with no wife present, and about 46% were non-families. About 37% of all households were made up of individuals and about 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.74.[2]

The median age in the city was about 46 years. About 18% of residents were under the age of 18; about 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; about 23% were from 25 to 44; about 31% were from 45 to 64; and about 20% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was about 47% male and 53% female.[2]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Lincoln City Cultural Center, housed in the historic DeLake School building,[18] offers a wide variety of classes and events year-round.[19]

Two kite festivals are held annually in Lincoln City, the Summer Kite Festival in June and the Fall Kite Festival in October. Both festivals are each held at D River Wayside, where several other world-class kite events are held.[20]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Lincoln City are served by the Lincoln County School District.[21]

Media[edit]

Lincoln City has a weekly newspaper, The News Guard.[22]

KBCH AM 1400 is located in Lincoln City and provides Lincoln County news coverage as well as coverage of local sports.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Lincoln City, Oregon". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Lincoln City". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  5. ^ Hall, Anne; North Lincoln County Historical Museum. "Lincoln City History". About Lincoln City. Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 878. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  7. ^ "Garrett & Kealii win 2006 Nelscott Reef Tow In Classic...". Surfers Village. October 12, 2006. Retrieved September 25, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Competitor Line Up Announced for Nelscott Reef Tow-In Classic". Oregon Sports Authority. Retrieved September 25, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Wecoma Beach". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  10. ^ "History of Lincoln City Oregon". Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Wecoma Beach Post Office (historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. August 1, 1994. Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ "City Administration Page". City of Lincoln City Website. City of Lincoln City. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "Lincoln City Demographic Information". Lincoln City Chamber of Commerce Homepage. Lincoln City Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Lincoln City Council page". City of Lincoln City Home Page. City of Lincoln City. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  15. ^ "About Chinook Winds Casino". Chinook Winds Casino homepage. Chinook Winds Casino. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  16. ^ http://lcchamber.com/welcome/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=77&Itemid=96
  17. ^ Moffatt, Riley Moore (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-8108-3033-2. 
  18. ^ "About the Center". Lincoln City Cultural Center homepage. Lincoln City Cultural Center. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Lincoln City Cultural Center". Lincoln City Cultural Center homepage. Lincoln City Cultural Center. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Festivals and Events". Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau homepage. Lincoln City Visitor and Convention Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Lincoln County Schools". Lincoln County School District. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  22. ^ "The News Guard". The News Guard Homepage. The News Guard. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  23. ^ "KBCH AM Homepage". KBCH AM Homepage. Yaquina Bay Communications. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]