Lincoln County, Colorado
|Lincoln County, Colorado|
Lincoln County Courthouse in Hugo, Colorado
Location in the state of Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 11, 1889|
|Named for||U.S. President Abraham Lincoln|
2,586.39 sq mi (6,699 km²)
2,586.09 sq mi (6,698 km²)
0.30 sq mi (1 km²), 0.01%
2/sq mi (1/km²)
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Lincoln County is the tenth most extensive of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado of the United States. The county population was 6,087 at U.S. Census 2000. The county seat is Hugo. The county obtains its name in memory of President Abraham Lincoln.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,586.39 square miles (6,698.7 km2), of which 2,586.09 square miles (6,697.9 km2) (or 99.99%) is land and 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2) (or 0.01%) is water.
The main watersheds include the Arikaree and Republican Rivers in the northern part of the county and the Big Sandy, Rush, and Horse Creeks in the southern part of the county. Big Sandy and Rush Creeks ultimately drain into the Arkansas River.
- Washington County, Colorado - (north)
- Kit Carson County, Colorado - (east 1)
- Cheyenne County, Colorado - (east 2)
- Crowley County, Colorado - (south 1)
- Kiowa County, Colorado - (south 2)
- Elbert County, Colorado - (west 1)
- El Paso County, Colorado - (west 2)
- Arapahoe County, Colorado - (northwest - point)
- Pueblo County, Colorado - (south west - point)
Lincoln County's government is based in the county courthouse in Hugo which is the office of the board of three elected commissioners and a county administrator, as well as the county sheriff, county clerk and recorder, county assessor, county treasurer, county coroner, and the county court (the trial court of limited jurisdiction for county affairs). Lincoln County is part of the 18th Colorado Judicial District — the state trial court of general jurisdiction — with judicial matters conducted in the Littleton and Centennial courthouses in Arapahoe County. Lincoln County's government operation also includes a department of social services, land use office, road and bridge department, human services department, public health department, mobile library services, probation department, county landfill, county fairgrounds, and county extension service.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,087 people, 2,058 households, and 1,389 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,406 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.30% White, 4.96% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.65% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 8.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,058 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 130.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 140.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,914, and the median income for a family was $39,738. Males had a median income of $25,742 versus $22,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,510. About 8.10% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 11.50% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
The name "Smoky Hill" comes from the appearance of the misty or smoky hills that the westward travelers viewed on their journey from Kansas and Nebraska Territories and Missouri toward the Colorado Gold Rush starting in 1858. Gold, had been discovered in the Cherry Creek, near Denver. The image of the misty hills and valleys along the route west gave the name to the trail for these travelers — the Smoky Hill Trail. Parts of the trail can still be seen as a two-track road on the Eastern Plains in what was once Kansas Territory but now is Colorado.
The section of the Smoky Hill Trail which passes through much of the High Plains has become known as the "starvation trail." This section of the trail proved to be the most difficult, due to a lack of water, yet the Plains Indians of the day considered this region as prime hunting ground. 
- Outline of Colorado
- Index of Colorado-related articles
- Colorado counties
- Colorado municipalities
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Colorado
- "Annual County Population Estimates and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CO-EST2006-alldata)" (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Terry Blevins, "Lincoln County, Colorado: America's Home on the Range." http://lincolncountycoloradotourism.com/
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History of Smoky Hill Trail." SmokyHillBound.com http://www.smokyhillbound.com/history-smoky-hill-trail-area
- Lincoln County Government website
- Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck
- Colorado Historical Society
||Arapahoe County||Washington County|
|Elbert County and El Paso County||Kit Carson County and Cheyenne County|
|Pueblo County||Crowley County and Kiowa County|