Lincoln County, Maine

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Lincoln County, Maine
Pownalborough Courthouse.jpg
Lincoln County Courthouse
Flag of Lincoln County, Maine
Flag
Map of Maine highlighting Lincoln County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1760
Named for Lincoln, England
Seat Wiscasset
Largest town Waldoboro
Area
 • Total 700 sq mi (1,813 km2)
 • Land 456 sq mi (1,181 km2)
 • Water 244 sq mi (632 km2), 35%
Population
 • (2010) 34,457
 • Density 76/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.lincoln.me.us

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,457.[1] Its county seat is Wiscasset.[2] The county was founded in 1760 from a portion of York County, Massachusetts and named after the English city Lincoln,[3] the birthplace of Massachusetts Bay Provincial Governor Thomas Pownall. [4]

At its founding, Lincoln County accounted for three-fifths of the state's land, and stretched east to Nova Scotia. Thirteen counties were cut out of this land including Sagadahoc County to the west.[5] The county flag is a traditional New England flag, adopted in 1977.[6]

Geography[edit]

Boothbay Harbor

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 700 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 456 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 244 square miles (630 km2) (35%) is water.[7] It is the third-smallest county in Maine by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 29,733
1800 30,225 1.7%
1810 42,992 42.2%
1820 53,189 23.7%
1830 57,192 7.5%
1840 63,517 11.1%
1850 74,875 17.9%
1860 27,860 −62.8%
1870 25,597 −8.1%
1880 24,821 −3.0%
1890 21,996 −11.4%
1900 19,669 −10.6%
1910 18,216 −7.4%
1920 15,976 −12.3%
1930 15,498 −3.0%
1940 16,294 5.1%
1950 18,004 10.5%
1960 18,497 2.7%
1970 20,537 11.0%
1980 25,691 25.1%
1990 30,357 18.2%
2000 33,616 10.7%
2010 34,457 2.5%
Est. 2013 34,088 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 34,457 people. As of 2000, there were 14,158 households, and 9,542 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 20,849 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.46% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 0.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.3% were of English, 15.4% United States or American, 11.2% Irish, 9.0% German and 7.3% French ancestry according to Census 2000. Most of those claiming to be of "American" ancestry are actually of English descent, but have family that has been in the country for so long, in many cases since the early seventeenth century that they choose to identify simply as "American".[13][14][15][16][17] 97.7% spoke English and 1.0% French as their first language.

There were 14,158 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 28.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,686, and the median income for a family was $45,427. Males had a median income of $31,209 versus $23,161 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,760. About 6.60% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[18]
Year Democrat Republican
2008 55.1% 11,886 43.0% 9,287
2004 51.3% 11,351 46.8% 10,370
2000 43.9% 8,634 48.1% 9,457

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of June 2014[19]
  Unenrolled 9,345 35.44%
  Republican 8,636 32.75%
  Democratic 7,328 27.79%
  Green Independent 1,055 4.00%
Total 26,364 100%

Communities[edit]

The Damariscotta River near the Whaleback Shell Midden State Historic Site.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "north by east". Down East: The Magazine of Maine: 19. June 2008. 
  4. ^ http://www.lincolncountymaine.me/
  5. ^ http://co.lincoln.me.us/county.html
  6. ^ The Flag of New England Page
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  14. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  15. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
  16. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
  17. ^ Mary C. Waters, Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), p. 36.
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  19. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of June 10, 2014". Maine Bureau of Corporations. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°00′N 69°32′W / 44.00°N 69.53°W / 44.00; -69.53