Lincoln Memorial University
|Lincoln Memorial University|
|Motto||We Wear His Name Proudly|
|President||B. James Dawson|
|Academic staff||214 full-time
|Location||Harrogate, Tennessee, United States
|Colors||Blue & Gray|
Lincoln Memorial University (LMU) is a private four-year co-educational liberal arts college located in Harrogate, Tennessee, United States. LMU's 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) campus borders on Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. As a whole, LMU is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS); its law school is currently appealing a denial of provisional accreditation by the American Bar Association.
LMU's Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum houses a large collection of memorabilia relating to the school's namesake, Abraham Lincoln, and the Civil War. The collection was initially formed from donations by the school's early benefactor, General Oliver O. Howard, and his friends.
In the 1880s, an energetic entrepreneur named Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) and several associates established a firm called American Association, Ltd., the primary purpose of which was to develop the iron ore and coal resources of the Cumberland Gap area. Arthur founded Middlesboro, Kentucky for the company's employees and furnaces, and constructed a railroad line connecting Middlesboro with Knoxville, Tennessee. Arthur believed Middlesboro would grow into a large industrial city, the so-called "Pittsburgh of the South." In 1888, he founded the city of Harrogate, which he envisioned would someday be a suburb for Middlesboro's elite.
Arthur and American Association spent some two million dollars developing Harrogate, the jewel of which was the Four Seasons Hotel, a 700-room structure believed to have been the largest hotel in the U.S. at the time. The hotel included a lavish dining hall, a casino, and a separate sanitarium. The economic panic of the early 1890s and the subsequent collapse of Arthur's London financial backers doomed American Associates, however, and the Four Seasons was sold and dismantled.
In 1896, General Oliver O. Howard, a former Union officer who had helped establish Howard University (named for him), embarked on a lecture tour. Howard's agent, Cyrus Kehr, suggested Howard establish a university as a living memorial to President Abraham Lincoln. On June 18, 1896, Howard spoke at the Harrow School, an elementary school at Cumberland Gap founded a few years earlier by Reverend A. A. Myers. After the lecture, Myers asked Howard for assistance in establishing a college for the Cumberland Gap region. Howard related to Myers a conversation he had with Lincoln in 1863 in which the president expressed a desire to do something to help the people of East Tennessee, a majority of whom remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War in spite of the greater state's secession, and, remembering Kehr's suggestion, agreed to help Myers establish a university in Lincoln's honor.
With the help of Howard and Kehr, Myers purchased the Four Seasons property, although the sanitarium building was all that remained of the once lavish hotel. Lincoln Memorial University was chartered on February 12, 1897— Lincoln's 88th birthday— with Cyrus Kehr as its first president. Howard joined the university as its managing director in 1898, and under his leadership the university expanded, acquiring among other places Alexander Arthur's house, which the university used as a conservatory. Howard mentioned the university and its purpose in a speech at Carnegie Hall in 1901, which helped raise money and allowed the university to pay off its debts.
In 1902, the sanitarium building burned, and its surviving blocks were used to build Grant-Lee Hall, which has since been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. Arthur's house also burned, but its tower, now called "Conservatory Tower," still stands. In April 1917, British folklorist Cecil Sharp spent several days at Lincoln Memorial University, where he collected 22 local versions of "old world" ballads such as "Lord Thomas and Fair Ellinor," "The Daemon Lover," and "Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight."
Literary Legacy and The Mountain Heritage Literary Festival
LMU is known for a rich literary history that includes such renowned authors as James Still (River of Earth, The Wolfpen Poems), Jesse Stuart (Taps for Private Tussie, The Thread That Runs So True), Don West (Clods of Southern Earth), and George Scarbrough (Tellico Blue). At one point, Emma Bell Miles, author and painter, served as Artist-in-Residence at the university, a position that went unfilled until it was taken over by bestselling novelist Silas House (Clay's Quilt, The Coal Tattoo) in 2005. House started the Mountain Heritage Literary Festival that same year and the gathering has grown steadily, featuring the region's most celebrated writers (Lee Smith, Earl Hamner, Jr., Ron Rash, Sheila Kay Adams, Denise Giardina, etc.) and becoming one of the premier events of Appalachian literature.
DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine
The initial plans to open Lincoln Memorial University-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine (LMU-DCOM) began in 2004. Autry O.V. Pete DeBusk, the Chairman of the LMU Board of Trustees and LMU alumnus, was interested in starting a college of osteopathic medicine at LMU. After conducting a year-long feasibility study, LMU announced it was pursuing the development of a college of osteopathic medicine and named Ray Stowers, D.O., F.A.C.O.F.P., a rural family physician, as vice president and dean. The college was named DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine in honor of its initiator. The four-story, 105,000-square-foot (9,800 m2) building was opened to its inaugural class of osteopathic medical students on August 1, 2007. As of the 2012 academic year, there are 626 medical students enrolled in the college.
The Debusk College of Osteopathic Medicine offers two degrees, a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, and a Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies. The college is accredited by the Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation (COCA) and the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
The curriculum is divided into preclinical sciences (years 1 and 2), and the clinical experiences (years 3 and 4). To help the students develop diagnostic and problem solving skills, the curricula at DCOM emphasizes the integration of the basic and clinical sciences in medical practice.
- Alabama Medical Education Consortium, Robertsdale, AL
- Claiborne County Hospital, Tazewell, TN
- Middlesboro ARH, Middlesboro, KY
- Cumberland Medical Center, Crossville, TN
- Hazard ARH Hospital, Hazard, KY
- Harlan ARH Hospital, Harlan, KY
- Indian Path Medical Center, Kingsport, TN
- Knoxville Area (Blount, East TN Children's, Ft. Sanders, St. Mary's Medical Center), Knoxville, TN
- Methodist-Le Bonheur Children's Medical Center Health Care System, Memphis, TN
- Morristown Hamblen Hospital, Morristown, TN
- Sweetwater Hospital Association
- Takoma Regional Hospital, Greenville, TN
- Wellmont Health Systems, SWVA, Big Stone Gap, VA
Duncan School of Law
In the spring of 2008, Lincoln Memorial University announced plans to seek approval to offer legal education leading to the Juris Doctor degree. The law school, named in honor of Tennessee Congressman John James Duncan, Jr., is located in downtown Knoxville, Tennessee in the building commonly referred to as “Old City Hall.” The entering class of the Fall 2011 full-time program had an average LSAT score of 147 while the part-time program had an average LSAT score of 145. These scores represent the bottom 33% and 26% respectively of all LSAT test takers. The average GPA for the entering class of 2011 is 3.01 for the full-time program and 2.99 for the part-time program.
In February 2009, the law school received approval from the Tennessee Board of Law Examiners, which allows Duncan School of Law graduates to apply to take the Tennessee Bar Examination. LMU's law school has 187 students. In December 2011, the American Bar Association refused the school's application for provisional accreditation. In reaction, the Duncan School decided to forego the ABA's administrative appeal process and instead sued the ABA, alleging that the ABA was using accreditation to limit the production of new lawyers, thus violating federal antitrust laws. In January 2012, after a judge denied the school's requests for an injunction and temporary restraining order against the ABA, the school filed an appeal with the ABA. As a result of the ABA's denial of provisional accreditation, numerous students withdrew or sought to transfer from Duncan School of Law.
In February 2012, Duncan School of Law was sued by a former student for "negligent enrollment."
LMU currently competes in 14 sports. Women's sports are: Basketball, Cheerleading, Cross Country, Golf, Soccer, Softball, Tennis and Volleyball. Men's sports are: Baseball, Basketball, Cross Country, Golf, Soccer, and Tennis.
LMU is unique among SAC members in that it does not have a football program, though it did have one in the past. Other sports formerly offered at LMU include fencing, track & field and tumbling.
Athletics have been a part of LMU since 1907, when baseball was first organized on campus. The first intercollegiate contest was a baseball game against Cumberland College in 1910.
From 1991–2006 LMU was a member of the Gulf South Conference. Prior to that, the school was a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and competed in the Smoky Mountain Athletic Conference (1929–61) and Volunteer State/Tennessee Valley Athletic Conference (1946–89).
Over the years the teams have enjoyed great success on the field and in the classroom. Academically, the 2000–01 women's basketball team led the NCAA Division II in team GPA and both soccer teams' 3.0 or better cumulative GPA have won them recognition from the NSCAA for the past few years.
The men's and women's basketball, baseball, tennis, golf, cross-country and soccer teams have all made appearances in their respective national tournaments over the years. The men's soccer team reached the NCAA Division II Championship Match in 2007, losing to Franklin Pierce College 1–0.
Facilities include the Turner Arena, Mars Gymnasium, Neely Field and Hennon Field. The golf teams are based out of Woodlake Golf Club in Tazewell, Tennessee. New soccer and tennis complexes are currently under construction.
J. Frank White Academy
Founded in 1989, the J. Frank White Academy (JFWA) is a college preparatory school located on the campus of Lincoln Memorial University in Harrogate, Tennessee. Fully accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), the J. Frank White Academy serves average and above average ability students in grades five through twelve who desire a college preparatory education.
Included in tuition, qualifying Academy juniors and seniors can take up to 30 hours of LMU classes for dual credit or just college credit. By taking real college classes (instead of Advance Placement (AP) courses) Academy students actually get the college experience first-hand and can potentially complete their freshman year by the time they graduate. Students can take: •six hours the summer after their sophomore year •six hours during their junior year •six hours the summer after their junior year •six hours their senior year •six hours the summer after their senior year.
More than 700 LMU alumni have entered medical or legal practice in Appalachian communities. Another 3,000 have become professional educators, serving in positions ranging from elementary school teaching to university presidencies.
Notable individual alumni include:
- Scot Shields, Major League Baseball pitcher
- Nelson Pizarro, 2007 All American, Major League Soccer player
- Ralph Stanley, American bluegrass artist (awarded the honorary doctorate of music in 1976)
- James Still, Appalachian poet, novelist and folklorist
- Jesse Stuart, author
- David M. Walker, former United States Comptroller General (awarded the honorary doctorate of public service)
- Don West, writer, civil-rights activist
- Autry O.V. Pete DeBusk, Founder and owner of DeRoyal Industries
- John Rice Irwin, historian, founder of the Museum of Appalachia
- Kennedy, Chloe White (March 11, 2010). "New president for Lincoln Memorial University". Knoxville, TN: Knoxville News-Sentinel. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- "Lincoln Memorial University". College Navigator. Institute of Education Sciences National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum website
- "Lincoln Memorial University", Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, retrieved October 10, 2010
- Edgar Holt, Claiborne County (Memphis, Tenn.: Memphis State University Press, 1981), pp. 44–49, 73.
- "Oliver Otis Howard and Lincoln Memorial University." Retrieved: 2009-12-10.
- Carolyn Sakowski, Touring the East Tennessee Backroads (Winston-Salem: J.F. Blair, 1993), pp. 178–179.
- Cecil Sharp, Maud Karpeles (ed.), English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians, Volumes I and II (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), pp. xiv (I), 122 (I), 252 (I), 127 (II), 41 (II).
- "LMU – DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine – Faculty". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "LMU-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine – Lincoln Memorial University". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Lincoln Memorial University–DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine". American Association of Osteopathic Colleges. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "LMU-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine – Clinical Rotation Sites". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Sigma Sigma Phi National, an Honorary Osteopathic Fraternity". Sigmasigmaphi.org. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "LMU-Duncan School of Law". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "LMU-DSOL Admissions". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "LSAT Score Conversion and Chart, LSAT Percentiles and LSAT Scores Conversion – LSAT Prep Online by". Alpha-score.com. March 4, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "LMU-DSOL Accreditation". Lmunet.edu. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Karen Sloan (December 20, 2011). "Duncan School of Law denied accreditation". The National Law Journal. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Associated Press (December 23, 2011), "LMU sues bar association over accreditation denial", Knoxville News Sentinel
- Jim Matheny (January 18, 2012), LMU's Duncan School of Law files appeal with ABA after judge denies injunction request, WBIR-TV
- By Karen SloanContactAll Articles (February 9, 2012). "Spurned law school renews courtroom attack on ABA". Law.com. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Another Law School Sued, But This Time With Allegations of ‘Negligent Enrollment’ « Above the Law: A Legal Web Site – News, Commentary, and Opinions on Law Firms, Lawyers, Law School, Law Suits, Judges and Courts". Abovethelaw.com. February 16, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Happy 80th Birthday, John Rice Irwin!". The Norris Bulletin 64 (49): 1, 6. December 8, 2010.
- Lincoln Memorial University
- Official site of LMU Athletics
- Memorandum Opinion and Order, Lincoln Memorial University School of Law v. American Bar Association, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Tennessee at Knoxville, January 18, 2012.