Lincolnshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lincolnshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1290–1832
Number of members two
Replaced by North Lincolnshire and South Lincolnshire

Lincolnshire was a county constituency of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which returned two Members of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons from 1290 until 1832.

History[edit]

The constituency consisted of the historic county of Lincolnshire, excluding the city of Lincoln which had the status of a county in itself after 1409. (Although Lincolnshire contained four other boroughs, Boston, Grantham, Great Grimsby and Stamford, each of which elected two MPs in its own right for part of the period when Lincolnshire was a constituency, these were not excluded from the county constituency, and owning property within the borough could confer a vote at the county election. This was not the case, though, for Lincoln.)

As in other county constituencies the franchise between 1430 and 1832 was defined by the Forty Shilling Freeholder Act, which gave the right to vote to every man who possessed freehold property within the county valued at £2 or more per year for the purposes of land tax; it was not necessary for the freeholder to occupy his land, nor even in later years[when?] to be resident in the county at all.

Except during the period of the Commonwealth, Lincolnshire has two MPs, traditionally referred to as Knights of the Shire, elected by the bloc vote method, under which each voter had two votes. In the nominated Barebones Parliament, five members represented Lincolnshire. In the First and Second Parliaments of Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate, however, there was a general redistribution of seats and Lincolnshire elected ten members, while each of the boroughs apart from Lincoln had their representation reduced to a single MP. The traditional arrangements were restored from 1659.

At the time of the Great Reform Act in 1832, Lincolnshire had a population of approximately 317,000, though only 5,391 electors voted at the last contested election, a by-election in 1823.

Elections were held at a single polling place, Lincoln, and voters from the rest of the county had to travel to the county town to exercise their franchise. It was normal for voters to expect the candidates for whom they voted to meet their expenses in travelling to the poll, making the cost of a contested election substantial. Contested elections were therefore rare, potential candidates preferring to canvass support beforehand and usually not insisting on a vote being taken unless they were confident of winning; at all but 4 of the 29 general elections between 1701 and 1832, Lincolnshire's two MPs were elected unopposed.

The constituency was abolished in 1832 by the Great Reform Act, being divided into two two-member county divisions, Northern Lincolnshire (or The Parts of Lindsey) and Southern Lincolnshire (or The Parts of Kesteven and Holland).

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1290-1640[edit]

Year First member Second member
1376 John Welles
1379 Ralph Rochford
1380 William Spaigne
1382 William Spaigne Robert Leake
1383 Walter Tailboys Sir John Bussy
1385 William Airmine Sir Philip Tilney
1386 Sir John Bozoun Sir Walter Tailboys [1]
1388 (Feb) Sir Philip Tilney Sir Walter Tailboys [1]
1388 (Sep) Sir Philip Tilney Sir John Bussy[1]
1390 (Jan) Sir Philip Tilney Sir John Bussy[1]
1390 (Nov) John Rochford (brother of Ralph, HS 1379) (1st term) Sir John Bussy[1]
1391 Gerard Sothill Sir John Bussy[1]
1393 Robert Cumberworth Sir John Bussy[1]
1394 John Rochford (2nd term) Sir John Bussy[1]
1395 Robert Cumberworth Sir John Bussy[1]
1397 (Jan) Sir John Copledyke Sir John Bussy[1]
1397 (Sep) John Rochford (3rd term) Sir John Bussy[1]
1397 Philip Spencer
1399 John Rochford Sir Thomas Hawley[1]
1401 Sir Henry de Retford Sir John Copildyke[1]
1402 Sir Henry de Retford (Sir) Gerard Sothill[1]
1404 (Jan) Sir Richard Hansard Sir John Copildyke[1]
1404 (Oct) Sir Henry de Retford Sir Thomas Hawley[1]
1406 John Skipwith Sir John Copildyke[1]
1407 John Skipwith John Meres[1]
1410
1411 Sir Thomas Willoughby John Pouger[1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Sir Richard Hansard John Bell[1]
1414 (Apr) John Skipwith Thomas Cumberworth[1]
1414 (Nov) Sir Richard Hansard Sir Thomas Willoughby[1]
1415
1416 (Mar) Sir Robert Hilton William Tirwhit[1]
1416 Geoffrey Paynel
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419
1420 Sir Robert Hakebeche Sir Thomas Cumberworth[1]
1421 (May) Sir Richard Hansard Sir Godfrey Hilton[1]
1421 (Dec) Richard Welby Sir Thomas Cumberworth[1]
1425 Sir Thomas Cumberworth[2]
1431 Hamond Sutton
1435 Hamond Sutton
1432 Geoffrey Paynel
1437 Sir Thomas Cumberworth[2]
1439 Hamond Sutton
1445 William Tailboys
1447 John Byron
1488 Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam [3]
1491 Sir William Tyrwhitt
1510
1512  ?Sir Robert Sheffield  ? [4]
1515  ?Sir Robert Sheffield  ?John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford[4]
1523 John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford  ?[4]
1529 John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford Gilbert Tailboys[4]
1536
1539 Sir William Skipwith John Heneage[4]
1542
1545 Sir Robert Tyrwhitt I Sir William Willoughby[4]
1547 Sir Edward Dymoke Sir William Skipwith[4]
1553 (Mar)  ?Sir William Cecil Sir Robert Tyrwhitt II[4]
1553 (Oct) William Dalison Thomas Hussey[4]
1554 (Apr) Sir Edward Dymoke Sir Robert Tyrwhitt II[4]
1554 (Nov) Sir John Copledyke Philip Tyrwhitt[4]
1555 Sir William Cecil George St. Poll[4]
1558 Sir Edward Dymoke Sir Robert Tyrwhitt II[4]
1559 (Jan) Sir William Cecil Sir Richard Thymbleby[5]
1562–1563 Sir William Cecil Richard Bertie [5]
1563 Sir Thomas Heneage [5]
1571 Sir Henry Clinton Sir Thomas Heneage [5]
1572 Sir Thomas Heneage Thomas St Poll [5]
1584 (Nov) Sir Thomas Cecil Sir Edward Dymoke [5]
1586 (Oct) Sir Thomas Cecil Sir Edward Dymoke[5]
1588–1589 Sir Edward Dymoke George St. Poll [5]
1593 Sir Edward Dymoke George St. Poll [5]
1597 (Oct) Thomas Monson William Pelham [5]
1601 (Oct) John Sheffield William Wray [5]
1604 John Sherfield Lord Clinton and Saye
1614 Sir George Manners Sir Peregrine Bertie
1621 Sir George Manners Sir Thomas Grantham
1624 Montagu Bertie Sir Thomas Grantham
1625 Sir John Wray, 2nd Baronet Sir Nicholas Saunderson Bt
1626 John Monson Sir William Airmine
1628-1629 Sir John Wray, 2nd Baronet Sir William Airmine
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640-1832[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 Sir John Wray Parliamentarian Sir Edward Hussey
November 1640 Sir Edward Ayscough Parliamentarian
December 1648 Wray and Ayscough excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Lincolnshire was represented by five MPs in the Barebones Parliament: Sir William Brownlow, Richard Cust, Barnaby Bowtel, Humphrey Walcot, William Thompson
1654 Lincolnshire was represented by ten MPs in the First Protectorate Parliament: Edward Rossiter, Thomas Hall, Thomas Lister, Charles Hall, Captain Francis Fiennes, (Sir) John Wray, Colonel Thomas Hatcher, William Woolley, William Savile, William Welby
1656 Lincolnshire was represented by ten MPs in the Second Protectorate Parliament: Edward Rossiter, Thomas Hall, Thomas Lister, Charles Hall, Captain Francis Fiennes, Colonel Thomas Hatcher, William Woolley, William Savile, William Welby, Sir Charles Hussey
January 1659 Edward Rossiter Colonel Thomas Hatcher
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
1660 Edward Rossiter George Saunderson, Viscount Castleton
Apr 1661 Sir Charles Hussey, 1st Bt.
Jan 1665 Sir Robert Carr, 3rd Baronet
Mar 1685 Sir Thomas Hussey, 2nd Bt.
Aug 1698 Charles Dymoke George Whichcot
Jan 1701 Sir John Thorold, 4th Bt.
Feb 1703 Lewis Dymoke
May 1705 George Whichcot Albemarle Bertie
May 1708 Peregrine Bertie, Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Oct 1710 Lewis Dymoke
Sep 1713 Sir Willoughby Hickman, 3rd Bt.
Feb 1715 Sir John Brownlow, Bt.
Jan 1721 Sir William Massingberd, 3rd Bt.
Apr 1722 Henry Heron
Feb 1724 Robert Vyner
Aug 1727 Sir Thomas Lumley Saunderson
Feb 1740 Thomas Whichcot
Apr 1761 Lord Brownlow Bertie
Oct 1774 Charles Anderson-Pelham
Dec 1779 Sir John Thorold, 9th Bt.
Sep 1794 Robert Vyner
Jun 1796 Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt.
Jul 1802 Charles Chaplin
May 1807 Charles Anderson-Pelham
Oct 1816 William Cust
Jun 1818 Charles Chaplin
Dec 1823 Sir William Amcotts-Ingilby, Bt.
May 1831 Charles Anderson Worsley Pelham
1832 Great Reform Act: constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

June 1818

  • Hon. C. A. Pelham 3693 votes
  • Sir Robert Heron 2623 votes
  • Charles Chaplin Esq. 3069 votes
  • Pelham and Chaplin elected. Total number of freeholders polled 5598.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "CUMBERWORTH, Thomas (d.1451), of Somerby and Stain, Lincs. and Argam, Yorks.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas, Speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-01.