Lindås

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Lindås kommune
Municipality
Hindnesfjorden ved Veland.JPG
Coat of arms of Lindås kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lindås kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Lindås within Hordaland
Lindås within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°37′29″N 05°19′42″E / 60.62472°N 5.32833°E / 60.62472; 5.32833Coordinates: 60°37′29″N 05°19′42″E / 60.62472°N 5.32833°E / 60.62472; 5.32833
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Nordhordland
Administrative centre Knarvik
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Astrid Aarhus Byrknes (KrF)
Area
 • Total 474.98 km2 (183.39 sq mi)
 • Land 456.31 km2 (176.18 sq mi)
 • Water 18.67 km2 (7.21 sq mi)
Area rank 213 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 15,069
 • Rank 83 in Norway
 • Density 33.0/km2 (85/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 17.0 %
Demonym Lindåsing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1263
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.lindas.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lindås is a municipality in the Nordhordland district in Hordaland county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Knarvik, located in the southwestern part of the municipality. Other notable villages in the municipality include Alversund, Isdalstø, Lindås, Ostereidet, and Seim. The Mongstad industrial area in extreme northern Lindås has one of the largest oil refineries and largest seaports in Norway. The oil refinery at Mongstad is by far the largest employer in the municipality.

General information[edit]

Map of Lindås
View of Knarvik
Lindås Church
Ostereidet Church

The parish of Lindaas was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 March 1879, the northeastern district of Lindaas was separated to form the new municipality of Masfjorden, leaving 6,374 inhabitants in Lindaas. On 1 January 1910, the northwestern island district of Lindaas was separated to form the new municipality of Austrheim. This left Lindaas with 4,433 residents.[2]

On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place. The following places were merged into one large municipality of Lindås:

  • The Nipo, Dyrkelbotn, and Eitrdalen farms (population: 12) in extreme western Modalen municipality
  • All of Hosanger located north of the Osterfjorden (population: 791)
  • All of Hamre located north of the Osterfjorden (population: 1,240)
  • The whole municipality of Alversund (population: 2,099)
  • The Titland area (population: 40) from the municipality of Sæbø, northwest of the village of Seim
  • All of the old municipality of Lindås (population: 3,651)

Also on this date, there were two other changes. The Sletta area (population: 305) on the island of Radøy was switched from Lindås to the new municipality of Radøy. The other change was the Einestrand, Eikebotn, and Kikallen areas (population: 25) was transferred from Lindås to Modalen municipality.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Lindås farm (Old Norse: Lindiáss), since the first church (Lindås Church) was built there. The first element is lindi which means "linden (Tilia) wood" and the last element is áss which means "mountain ridge". Before 1921, the name was written "Lindaas".[3]

See also: Coat-of-arms of Stryn

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 4 May 1979. The arms show a silver colored linden tree on a red background. They are a canting arms since the name of the municipality refers to a linden tree.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has eight parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lindås. It is part of the Nordhordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Lindås
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Alversund Alversund Church Alversund 1879
Knarvik Church Knarvik 2014
Hundvin Hundvin Church Hundvin 1936
Lindås Lindås Church Lindås 1865
Lygra Lygra Church Luro 1892
Myking Myking Church Myking 1861
Ostereidet Ostereidet Church Ostereidet 1988
Seim Seim Church Seim 1878
Vike Vike Church Vikanes 1891

Government[edit]

Knarviksenter, the largest mall in the region
View of the Mongstad industrial area

All municipalities in Norway, including Lindås, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lindås is made up of 31 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Lindås Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 6
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 5
  Conservative Party Høgre 7
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 8
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 31

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 4,121 —    
1960 4,084 −0.9%
1970 7,776 +90.4%
1980 10,099 +29.9%
1990 11,861 +17.4%
2000 12,492 +5.3%
2010 14,286 +14.4%
2004 15,069 +5.5%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Ancient settlements of Vikings are found in several places. At Lindås there are stories of monks coming from England and living with the Viking population.

Håkonshaugen (from Old Norse haugr meaning mound) at the village of Seim is the burial mound of King Haakon the Good, the third king of Norway. King Haakon was mortally wounded in 961 at the Battle of Fitjar at nearby Stord.[6] Håkonshaugen is the millennium site in the municipality of Lindås.

The historical play Håkonarspelet ("King with the golden helmet") is performed here every year. The play is one of several plays written by author Johannes Heggland. The play was written in five parts between 1995-1996. It centers on events in the life of King Haakon the Good and the king's only daughter, Thora.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Lindås municipality sits mostly on the mainland of the Nordhordland region, just north of the city of Bergen. The municipality lies north of the Osterfjorden and Romarheimsfjorden. The Lindås peninsula heads north from there. The peninsula juts out west of the Austfjorden, south of the Fensfjorden, and east of the Radfjorden. The municipality includes the very southernmost tip of the neighboring island of Radøy as well as the island of Luro. The Lurefjorden cuts into the middle of the peninsula. On the east side of the municipality, lies a mountainous area that is sparsely populated.

The municipality is surrounded by water on three sides, and the fourth side is mountainous, so there are few road connections to Lindås. On the east side, the municipality is accessible by the Eikefet Tunnel, part of the European route E39 highway. On the southwest side, the Hagelsund Bridge crosses the fjord to connect to the municipalities of Bergen and Meland to the southwest. The Alversund Bridge on the west side connects Lindås to the island municipality of Radøy. The municipality of Austrheim lies to the north, and it includes a small part of the mainland Lindås peninsula, so there is road access there too.

Attractions[edit]

Lindås Church[edit]

Lindås Church (Lindås kirke) was consecrated 20 September 1865. The church was built just west of where the old stone church stood. The architect was Ole Syslak who was responsible for the construction of several other churches in western Norway. The church received its first church organ in 1906, which was replaced in 1978 with an organ built by J. H. Jørgensen. The church has two church bells. The oldest clock was made by Laxevaag Værk in Bergen in 1865, while the other was made by O. Olsen & Son in Tønsberg in 1955.

The first time a church in Lindås mentioned was in 1315. This was a stone altar, which stood under the open sky. Walls were erected later, so that the priest was standing under a roof, while the audience stood on the ground outside and listened. Later walls were raised so that the church was under roof. This church was extended in 1600 and repaired in the 1700s.[9]

Heathland Centre at Lygra[edit]

Lyngheisenteret

Heathland Centre at Lygra (Lyngheisenteret på Lygra) is a cultural museum consisting of a conserved heather moorland. It is also an information centre for the coastal heathlands. The center was established in the 1970s. An information center with a restaurant, auditorium, and permanent exhibition was opened in 2000. Heathland was founded by the University of Bergen, Hordaland county, Lindås Municipality, the Regional Council in Nordhordland and Gulen. It is administrated by the Museum Centre in Hordaland.[10]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]