||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2009)|
Perry at Lincoln Center, September 12, 2010
April 15, 1965 |
|Genres||Pop, pop rock, alternative rock, R&B|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, producer|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, piano|
|Labels||Interscope, Kill Rock Stars, Custard, Rockstar|
Linda Perry (born April 15, 1965) is an American rock musician, songwriter, and record producer. Once known as the lead singer and primary songwriter of 4 Non Blondes, Perry has founded two record labels, composing and producing hit songs for several other successful female singers. They include Pink, whom she mentored, and who had a Number 1 hit with Perry's "Get the Party Started". Others include Christina Aguilera (who had a number 2 hit with Perry's "Beautiful"), Gwen Stefani ("What You Waiting For?" from her album Love. Angel. Music. Baby.), and Grace Slick ("Knock Me Out"). Perry has also contributed heavily to albums by Courtney Love and Kelly Osbourne as well as signing and distributing James Blunt in the United States.
Early life 
Linda Perry was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, the daughter of the late Portuguese-American Alfred Xavier Perry (1928-2005), an engineer and a musician, and Brazilian-born Marluce Perry. Her mother has worked as a model, designer, and private detective. Linda has six siblings: five brothers (Jay, Solomon, Mark, Marcel, and John) and a sister (Sally).
During Perry's youth she struggled with kidney disease and then addiction before focusing on music. Growing up in an artistic and musical household, Perry displayed musical talent and interest from an early age. Her first song was "Pity Girls", written when she was 15 (according to a 2003 interview with ASCAP).
1987–1989: Early career 
In early 1986, at the age of 21, Perry moved to San Francisco. As a teenager in San Diego, she had pursued an interest in music, playing the guitar and auditioning for all-girl cover bands. Her arrival in San Francisco would mark the beginning of a career in music, though not before waiting tables, working coat-check, and working at a pizzeria. In San Francisco, Linda lived in a small, windowless room, and would play her guitar and sing her own songs on city streets. Eventually, people began to recognize her as "that chick with the big voice."
1989–1995: 4 Non Blondes 
After some time spent paying her dues as a solo singer at Bay Area (San Francisco) clubs and coffeehouses, Perry composed her first professional song, called "Down On Your Face", and was recruited into the band 4 Non Blondes by its founder Christa Hillhouse in the middle of 1989. After several years of playing locally and negotiating with various record companies, the band finally signed with Interscope Records and released its debut album, Bigger, Better, Faster, More! released on Oct 9th 1992, in late 1992. The album, featuring Perry as lead singer and dominated by her compositions, was an immediate success and spawned a hit single, the Perry-penned "What's Up?" (often erroneously called "What's Going On?", since that line is sung repeatedly in the chorus).
While promoting the song, Perry was touring around the world and displayed the word "dyke" on her guitar for a performance at the 1994 Billboard Music Awards. She has always been openly lesbian. In May 2009, she announced she was dating Cybill Shepherd's daughter Clementine Ford.
In February 1994, Perry had a solo appearance in Roger Daltrey's production, album and video A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who. She shared the stage with the Juilliard Orchestra and members of The Who as she sang "Doctor Jimmy", "Acid Queen", "I'm Free" (in a duet with Roger Daltrey) and the encore for "Join Together" with original The Who members John Entwistle and Pete Townshend. In 1994, a CD and a VHS video of the shows were issued with the songs "Doctor Jimmy" and "I'm Free", while in 1998 a DVD was released with the song "I'm Free" only.
In June 1994, 4 Non Blondes guitarist Roger Rocha was replaced by Concrete Blonde member Jim Mankey, who had just played for Van Halen's cover "I'm the One" recorded as the theme from the movie Airheads. During sessions at Interscope studios in Los Angeles, the band struggled to come up with a followup to Bigger, and Perry left the band during the attempt to pursue a solo career. The band recorded one last video, for a cover of Led Zeppelin's "Misty Mountain Hop" with Dave Navarro on guitar.
In a 2011 Rolling Stone interview, while promoting her most recent band, Deep Dark Robot, Perry was quoted saying, "I wasn't really a big fan of my band" due to the "fluffy polished bullshit" sound of Bigger, Better, Faster, More!
1996–2001: Solo career 
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (December 2011)|
With the band in disarray and the recording contract unfulfilled, Interscope reluctantly allowed Perry to make a solo CD, dropping the rest of the band. Interscope insisted on choosing the album's producer; the production team selected was Bill Bottrell and members of the Tuesday Night Music Club, who had recently produced Sheryl Crow's debut. Released in 1996, In Flight was moody, mellow and, at times, dark, far removed from the 4 Non Blondes sound. The release received positive notices, but was a poor seller. Perry joined Red Fish, Blue Fish for her world tour, supporting such acts as The Who. She promoted her CD with her own funds, including an appearance on The Howard Stern Show, during which she participated in "lesbian dial-a-date" and performed her former band's only hit single, "What's Up?". Perry also hosted the 1997 and 1998 Bammies (Bay Area Music Awards).
In 1997, Perry produced a film, Pink as the Day She Was Born, featuring cameos by Les Claypool of Primus and comedian Margaret Cho. She also launched her own record label, Rockstar Records, for the primary purpose of releasing a CD of band Stone Fox. In addition, she signed another local San Francisco band, 2 Lane Blacktop. The year 1998 saw Perry appearing and performing on CNN as part of a special on music and the Internet—how independent artists are cutting out the major labels. In 1999, she released her second solo album on Rockstar Records, After Hours. For the rest of 1999, she opened for Bryan Adams, reuniting with 4 Non Blondes' bassist Christa Hillhouse, then toured behind After Hours, with Hillhouse and San Francisco-based drummer Claudia Page.
In 2001, Perry again returned to music and touring. She wrote a handful of songs, two of which, "Beautiful" and "Cruz", would eventually be recorded and appear on Christina Aguilera's hit album Stripped. In 2001, she closed most of her shows with "Beautiful", a song she hoped would be her own comeback hit.
In 2002, Perry made a rare live performance at the Knitting Factory in Los Angeles, where she performed a set of original music and a set of Zeppelin covers. Also in 2002, she made an appearance on a solo record of Gordon Gano, Hitting the Ground, performing the song "So It Goes".
In 2005, Perry was a performer at ASCAP's showcase at the Sundance Film Festival. In August 2006, she played piano on Christina Aguilera's performance of "Hurt" at the MTV Video Music Awards.
Perry has signed with the independent label Kill Rock Stars Records, who re-released her solo album In Flight in October 2005. Featuring new artwork, the re-release includes original videos for "Fill Me Up" and "Freeway". In 2008, Perry played guitar in the video for Christina Aguilera's "Save Me From Myself".
Perry made a live appearance at "Hope For Haiti Now" playing piano while Aguilera premiered a stripped-down version of their song "Lift Me Up". She also made guest appearances on Hole's "Nobody's Daughter" tour and on a concert of the Perry-signed band Little Fish in London. In May 2010, Perry again hosted the "Evening with Women" at L.A.'s Gay and Lesbian Centre, where she reunited with P!nk for a live duet of Perry's song "What's Up?" Christina Aguilera invited Perry to her VH1 Storytellers concert in May 2010. Perry played piano to Aguilera's "Beautiful" and talked about the song.
On November 5, 2010, Perry appeared live in San Francisco with 4 Non Blondes guitar player Roger Rocha at TwentyFifty (formerly CELLSpace). The appearance celebrated the release of Rocha's album with his band The Golden Hearts. It was the first time in 20 years the two had appeared together live. Perry performed a solo set of cover tunes, including Radiohead's "Creep" and Soundgarden's "Black Hole Sun". Perry and Roger Rocha performed one song together, Led Zeppelin's "Since I've Been Loving You".
2001–present: Production and songwriting 
In 2000, Perry was contacted by pop rock singer P!nk, seeking production and songwriting assistance on her second album. Perry commented on the experience in an interview with HitQuarters: "She was this white girl singing R&B music, and it made absolutely no sense to me why she would call me. So when I got together with her my instinct said, 'Don’t go and be an artist again, don’t get another record deal, find out what you can do with her.' My manager freaked out when I called her and said, cancel all the showcases!" Perry co-wrote and produced much of Pink's successful album Missundaztood, which brought Perry back into the spotlight as a music producer. Perry took full writing credits for the songs "Get the Party Started" and "Lonely Girl". Perry next provided Christina Aguilera the hit "Beautiful".
Since then, she has gone on to work with many artists, including Jewel, Courtney Love, Gwen Stefani, Alicia Keys, Celine Dion, Blaque, Sugababes, Lillix, Robbie Williams, Melissa Etheridge, Sierra Swan, Solange Knowles, Gavin Rossdale, Juliette and the Licks, Lisa Marie Presley, Fischerspooner, Unwritten Law, L.P., Kelly Osbourne, James Blunt, Cheap Trick, Ben Jelen, Enrique Iglesias and Giusy Ferreri.
In 2003, Perry won two ASCAP awards for her songwriting, and a Grammy Awards nomination for her song "Beautiful" as a contender for "Song of the Year"; the song received the award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 2004 Grammy Awards.
For most of 2004, Perry remained behind the scenes, making another appearance with Camp Freddy, this time at Lo Anglees' Live 103's Birthday Concert. She joined Lisa Marie Presley on stage for songs they wrote together. The year 2004 also saw the release of Courtney Love's solo America's Sweetheart, to which Perry heavily contributed.
A song called "Girls & Boys", which was originally intended for Pink but later recorded by Britney Spears, was released as a bonus track on Spears' European DVD release. The track marked Perry's foray into more electroclash-inspired tunes.
She collaborated with art-dance duo Fischerspooner on a few songs for their upcoming release and ended the year with a few co-writing credits on Gwen Stefani's debut, Love. Angel. Music. Baby., including the album's first single, "What You Waiting For?" Additionally, her Atlantic-distributed label, Custard Records, was launched to promote two new acts, Sunshine and James Blunt. She produced and played guitar on the recording of Blunt's song "No Bravery". The year ended with Perry co-writing "Save Me" for the southern California punk rock band Unwritten Law.
Releases for 2005 included Kelly Osbourne's second album, which was written and produced by Perry. The lead track from Osbourne's second album, "One Word", reached the top of the UK and US dance charts. The song plagiarized Visage's 1980 hit "Fade to Grey" and Perry was forced to credit the writers of that song and pay them royalties.
Perry contributed to Christina Aguilera's third studio album, Back to Basics (2006). Perry and Aguilera co-wrote every song.
2007 saw Perry working with Vanessa Carlton on her third studio album, Heroes and Thieves. She also co-wrote and did session work on many of the songs on Sierra Swan's solo album, Ladyland. She continued work with Courtney Love, Kelis, Cheap Trick, Ziggy Marley,Ben Jelen, Skin, Enrique Iglesias, The Format on the song "Dead End", and "Darker Side of The Moon" on Bay Area artist Goapele's Change It All album.
In 2007, Perry won an award from the San Francisco chapter of the Recording Academy for her contribution to the world of music. The years 2007 and 2008 saw more tunes written or produced by Linda Perry: The Section Quartet, Alicia Keys, Vanessa Carlton, and Gina Gershon.
In 2009, Perry wrote and produced "A Loaded Smile" for the debut album For Your Entertainment by Adam Lambert. Aguilera's fourth studio album, Bionic, released in 2010, included another track, written and produced solely by Perry, "Lift Me Up".
In June 2010, Perry announced on her Facebook and Twitter profiles that she was "going to make an album" with her new band Deep Dark Robot, which she founded with Tony Tornay. The album, 8 Songs About a Girl, was promoted with the single "Won't You Be My Girl?". Perry imagined the name Deep Dark Robot as part of an ad-libbed song lyric—"deep dark robot falling in love"—and decided to hang onto the name for her next musical project. The band released the album in March 2011 and began touring. Tour dates included South by Southwest in Austin, TX and Knitting Factory in Brooklyn, NY. Opening acts have included Cassette Kids and Mother Feather. In 2010 Perry also Worker with Rivers Cuomo and Weezer on their song Brave New World.
In 2010 and 2011, Perry, along with Fox Entertainment Group, was the Presenting Sponsor of the Los Angeles talent show STARFEST, benefiting The L.A.C.E.R. Afterschool Programs.
iPhone sessions 
In July, Perry started to publish a set of acoustic cover songs that she recorded with her iPhone. So far she has uploaded recordings of the following songs:
- "Mad World" by Tears For Fears
- "Just What I Needed" by The Cars
- "Creep" by Radiohead
- "Maybe I'm Amazed" by Paul McCartney
- "Black Hole Sun" by Soundgarden
- "The Garden" by Linda Perry
- "Lonely Girl" by Pink
- "Since U Been Gone" by Kelly Clarkson
- "Hallelujah" by Leonard Cohen
- "Starman" by David Bowie
- "Ain't No Sunshine" by Bill Withers
- "Joey" by Concrete Blonde
- "Superstar" by The Carpenters
- "Last Train" by Travis
- "Communication Breakdown" by Led Zeppelin
- "Crimson and Clover" by Tommy James & Peter Lucia
- "Pray for Forgiveness" by Alicia Keys
- "Seasons of the Abyss" by Slayer
- "Oh My Love" by John Lennon
- "Angie" by The Rolling Stones
On her Facebook account, she wrote:
"Iphone sessions are me sitting at my piano an recording song into iphone voice memo. Then I post it. very simple enjoy :)"
Personal life 
Solo works 
- In Flight (1995), Interscope Records (September 16, 1996)
- After Hours (1999), Rockstar Records (February 20, 1999)
- In Flight (2005), re-released by Custard Records and Kill Rock Stars
- 8 Songs About A Girl (2011), as Deep Dark Robot, Custard Records (March 22, 2011)
- The Crow: City Of Angels (1996), Hollywood Records (August 30, 1996)
Production and songwriting 
Other appearances 
"Weak With Love" Guitar and Backing Vocals by Linda Perry
"Lonely Girl" featuring Linda Perry
"So It Goes" Music and Lyrics by Gordon Gano, Vocals by Linda Perry also featuring Frank Ferrer
- Prey for Rock & Roll (OST) by Various Artists (2003)
"Happy" Additional Vocals by Linda Perry
"Enter the Circus" performed by Linda Perry (uncredited)
"Chompin' on a Bit" performed by Planet Swan featuring Linda Perry & Sierra Swan
"Paranoid Android" Operatic Vocals by Linda Perry
"Superstar" & "Race With Time" Backing Vocals by Linda Perry
- Under the Radar by Daniel Powter (2008)
- Gravity by Nico Vega (2009)
- Wooden Dolls by Nico Vega (2009)
- So So Fresh by Nico Vega (2009)
"Am I Still the One?" performed by Daniel Powter with Linda Perry
Singles produced or written by Linda Perry 
|Year||Song||Artist||Peak chart positions|
|2001||"Get the Party Started"||Pink||4||2||2||4||1|
|2004||"What You Waiting For?"||Gwen Stefani||47||4||22||2||1|
|2005||"One Word"||Kelly Osbourne||121||9||38||64||69|
|"Idiot"||Lisa Marie Presley||-||-||-||-||-|
|"Save Me (Wake Up Call)"||Unwritten Law||108||-||-||-||-|
|2006||"Wonderful Life"||Gwen Stefani||-||-||-||-||-|
|"Perfect Stranger"||Cheap Trick||-||-||-||-||-|
|"Where Do We Go"||Ben Jelen||-||-||-||-||-|
|"Keeps Gettin' Better"||Christina Aguilera||7||14||14||12||26|
|"My Love"||Celine Dion||15||-||-||-||-|
|2009||"La Scala (The Ladder)"||Giusy Ferreri||27|
|2011||"Put Your Hearts Up"||Ariana Grande|
- "Linda Perry interview". HitQuarters. Retrieved 5 January 2006.
- "Music Video". glbtq.com. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- Flick, Larry (January 2004). "'Beautiful', Damn It: The Linda Perry-Penned Christina Aguilera Hit—Not to Mention the Sexy Video—Was the Great Queer Anthem of 2003". The Advocate. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- "Clementine Ford Confirms Relationship with Linda Perry". afterellen.com. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- Linda Perry Forms New Band, Admits She Never Liked 4 Non Blondes | Music News | Rolling Stone
- Chad Tasky, video footage posted on YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFbYCzs_6j0), recorded November 5, 2010 at Cell Space in San Francisco.
- Liner notes from Back to Bedlam
- "Little Fish Sign Record Deal!". Little Fish Official Website. June 20, 2008. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
- "Little Fish special". BBC Oxford. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "First Review Of Our Album "Baffled & Beat"". Myspace. February 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
- "CUSTARD RECORDS: Little Fish Bio". Custard Records. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
- Twitter / RealLindaPerry: Working on new record my b
- Deep Dark Robot | Gratis muziek, tourneedata, foto's, video's
- Espresso Sounds » Blog Archive » Linda Perry with her new project Deep Dark Robot, you don’t want to miss it
- The End of Irony | www.theendofirony.net | Trying is the first step towards failure
- Konect.me - Profile of RealLindaPerry
- Grossberg, Josh. "Sara Gilbert Talks Relationship With Linda Perry on The Talk". E Online. November 30, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- Gilbert has a new girlfriend, wishes she'd told you herself
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