Linden, Alabama

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Linden
City
Linden, Alabama
Marengo County Courthouse in Linden
Marengo County Courthouse in Linden
Official seal of Linden
Seal
Location in Marengo County and the state of Alabama
Location in Marengo County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 32°18′4″N 87°47′34″W / 32.30111°N 87.79278°W / 32.30111; -87.79278
Country United States
State Alabama
County Marengo
Area
 • Total 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 • Land 3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 161 ft (49 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 2,123
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 2,039
 • Density 673.3/sq mi (257.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36748
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-43240
GNIS feature ID 0152070
Website City of Linden

Linden is a city in and the county seat of Marengo County, Alabama, United States.[3] The population was 2,123 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Settled prior to 1818, the community was first known as Screamersville, due to the cry of wild animals that could be heard during the night. It became the county seat in 1819 and was then known as the Town of Marengo. This was changed to Hohenlinden in 1823 to honor the county's earliest European settlers, French Bonapartist refugees to the Vine and Olive Colony.[4] The name of Hohenlinden was chosen to commemorate Napoleon Bonaparte's battle in 1800 at Hohenlinden, Germany, in which the French were victorious over the Austrians and Bavarians. The spelling was later simplified to Linden.[5]

Geography[edit]

Linden is located at 32°18′4″N 87°47′34″W / 32.30111°N 87.79278°W / 32.30111; -87.79278 (32.301154, -87.792650).[6] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.83%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 600
1920 700 16.7%
1930 982 40.3%
1940 1,203 22.5%
1950 1,363 13.3%
1960 2,516 84.6%
1970 2,697 7.2%
1980 2,773 2.8%
1990 2,548 −8.1%
2000 2,424 −4.9%
2010 2,123 −12.4%
Est. 2013 2,039 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,424 people, 938 households, and 662 families residing in the city. The population density was 675.6 people per square mile (260.7/km²). There were 1,084 housing units at an average density of 302.1 per square mile (116.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.43% White, 46.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.33% Asian, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[8]

There were 938 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.[8]

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.[8]

The median income for a household in the city was $22,303, and the median income for a family was $30,733. Males had a median income of $38,964 versus $17,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,536. About 23.8% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.[8]

Education[edit]

The city runs its own city-wide school system, Linden City Schools. It also has one private school, Marengo Academy, founded in 1969 as a segregation academy following the desegregation of the Alabama public school system.[9][10][11]

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Alabama Counties: Marengo County". "Alabama Department of Archives and History". Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  5. ^ Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, pages 1-4. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, page 29. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
  10. ^ Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden school transfer policy ensures segregation". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden, a town divided by race". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]