Marengo County Courthouse in Linden
Location in Marengo County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)|
|• Land||3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||161 ft (49 m)|
|• Density||673.3/sq mi (257.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0152070|
Settled prior to 1818, the community was first known as Screamersville, due to the cry of wild animals that could be heard during the night. It became the county seat in 1819 and was then known as the Town of Marengo. This was changed to Hohenlinden in 1823 to honor the county's earliest European settlers, French Bonapartist refugees to the Vine and Olive Colony. The name of Hohenlinden was chosen to commemorate Napoleon Bonaparte's battle in 1800 at Hohenlinden, Germany, in which the French were victorious over the Austrians and Bavarians. The spelling was later simplified to Linden.
Linden is located at  According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.83%) is water.(32.301154, -87.792650).
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,424 people, 938 households, and 662 families residing in the city. The population density was 675.6 people per square mile (260.7/km²). There were 1,084 housing units at an average density of 302.1 per square mile (116.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.43% White, 46.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.33% Asian, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 938 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,303, and the median income for a family was $30,733. Males had a median income of $38,964 versus $17,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,536. About 23.8% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.
The city runs its own city-wide school system, Linden City Schools. It also has one private school, Marengo Academy, founded in 1969 as a segregation academy following the desegregation of the Alabama public school system.
- Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader.
- William J. Alston, United States Representative to the Thirty-first Congress
- Frank Evans, professional baseball player in the Negro Leagues
- Lucy Hannah, third oldest person ever, oldest American at her death, second oldest American ever, and oldest verified African American ever.
- Sean Richardson, safety for the Green Bay Packers
- Roy Rogers, professional basketball player and coach.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Alabama Counties: Marengo County". "Alabama Department of Archives and History". Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, pages 1-4. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, page 29. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
- Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden school transfer policy ensures segregation". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden, a town divided by race". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013.