Line 1, Beijing Subway

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Line 1
一号线
BJS Line 1 icon.svg
Beijing Metro Type SFM04.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Pingguoyuan
Sihui East
Stations 23
Daily ridership 1,604,700 (2012 Peak)[1][2]
1.4 million (2011 Avg.)[3]
Operation
Opening 1971
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Depot(s) Guchenglu, Sihui Depots [4][5]
Technical
Line length 30.3 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed 80 km/h (maximum service speed)
Route map
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Pingguoyuan
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Guchenglu
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Bajiao Amusement Park
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Babaoshan
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Yuquanlu
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Wukesong
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Wanshoulu
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Gongzhufen
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Military Museum
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Muxidi
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Nanlishilu
Lines 1, 2
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Fuxingmen
Lines 1, 4
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Xidan
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Tian'anmen West
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Tian'anmen East
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Wangfujing
Lines 1, 5
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Dongdan
Lines 1, 2
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Jianguomen
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Yonganli
Lines 1, 10
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Guomao
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Dawanglu
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui East

Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east-west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. Line 1's color is      red.

Fare[edit]

Flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers.

Hours of operation[edit]

The first east-bound trains departs from Guchenglu at 4:58am and Pingguoyuan at 5:10am. The first west-bound train departs Sihui at 4:56am and Sihui East at 5:05am. The last east-bound train leaves Pingguoyuan at 10:55pm. The last west-bound train leaves Sihui East at 11:15pm. For the official timetable, see.[6]

Route[edit]

Line 1's western terminus is Pingguoyuan, located in the Western Hills of Shijingshan District. The line heads southeast to its second stop at Gucheng Lu and from there runs straight east, following Chang'an Avenue all the way to its eastern terminus, Sihui East in Chaoyang District, just beyond the 4th Ring Road. The line passes through Xidan, Wangfujing and Dongdan, among other important commercial centers of Xicheng and Dongcheng Districts, as well as the Beijing CBD near the China World Trade Center. Line 1 intersects twice with the Line 2 loop, at Fuxingmen and Jian'guomen, once with Line 4 at Xidan, once with Line 5 at Dongdan, and twice with Line 10 at Gongzhufen and Guomao. From Sihui and Sihui East, passengers can transfer to Batong Line which runs further east, to Tongzhou District. The line's total operational length is 30.4 km. It has 23 stations in operation; all except for Sihui and Sihui East are underground.

Stations (from west to east)[edit]

Station
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Travel Time
hours
Distance
km
Transfer
Nearby Bus Stops*[7]
Location
103 Pingguoyuan
苹果园
píngguǒyuán
0:00 0.0 311 318 325 336 389 396 399 621 622 746 850 921 929 929支 931 931支 931支1 931支2 931专 948 958 959 965 972 972支 973 977 981 Shijingshan
104 Gucheng
古城
gǔchéng
0:04 2.5 318 325 327 337 354 385 399 621 728 747 850 910 920 938支4 942 958 959 969支 975
105 Bajiao Amusement Park 八角游乐园
bājiǎo yóulèyuán
0:07 4.4 325 327 337 354 385 389 621 622 728 817 959
106 Babaoshan
八宝山
bābǎoshān
0:10 6.4 337 373 389 620 728 747 小68
107 Yuquanlu
玉泉路
yùquán lù
0:12 7.8 337 338 354 370 373 373支 389 603 613 619 620 621728 736 747 817
108 Wukesong
五棵松
wǔkēsōng
0:15 9.6 64 337 370 373 436 620 624 689 693 728 740 751913 952 967 981 982 983 996 特9 运通115运通120 Haidian
109 Wanshoulu
万寿路
wànshòulù
0:18 11.4 32 33 308 335 337 370 373 373支605 605支 609 620 624 711 728 747 817 817支981
110 Gongzhufen
公主坟
gōngzhǔfén
0:20 12.7 10 1 4 57 323 324 368 394 483 609 613 631 631快 运通103 运通108 运通120
111 Military Museum 军事博物馆
jūnshì bówùguǎn
0:22 13.9 9 1 4 21 65 68 205 308 320 320区 337 617 728 802
112 Muxidi
木樨地
mùxīdì
0:23 15.1 1 4 21 65 68 205 308 320 320区 337 617 728 802 Xicheng
113 Nanlishilu
南礼士路
nánlǐshì lù
0:25 16.4 1 4 15 37 37区 52 205 209 337 728 802 937 (支 1 2 3 4 5 6 7) 937金星 937专 937支3专
114 Fuxingmen
复兴门
fùxīngmén
0:26 16.7 2 1 4 15 37 37区 52 205 337 728 802
115 Xidan 西单
xīdān
0:28 18.4 4 1 4 10 22 37 37区 52 70 205 728 802 机场2
116 Tian'anmen West
天安门西
tiān'ānmén xī
0:30 19.7 1 4 5 10 22 37 37区 52 205 728 802
117 Tian'anmen East
天安门东
tiān'ānmén dōng
0:32 20.6 1 4 10 22 37 37区 52 59 120 125 126 203 205 210 728 802 Dongcheng
118 Wangfujing
王府井
wángfǔjǐng
0:33 21.4 10 41 59 90 99 103 104 104快 120 126 203 205 211 420 特11
119 Dongdan 东单
dōngdān
0:34 22.0 5 1 10 25 39 41 52 99 104快 106 108 110 111 116 203 204 205 684 685 728
120 Jianguomen
建国门
jiànguómén
0:36 23.5 2 25 39 43 44 52 122 434 637 638 750 800 820 821 特2 Dongcheng
[note 1]
121 Yong'anli
永安里
yǒng'ānlǐ
0:38 24.7 1 9 28 43 120 126 205 403 639 666 668 673 Chaoyang
122 Guomao 国贸
guómào
0:40 25.6 10 1 4 9 28 113 205 402 405 421 488 503 666 668 673 683 686 706 707 728 729 801 802 810 848 859 938 938支(4, 5, 9) 特1特3特8 运通107
123 Dawanglu
大望路
dàwàng lù
0:42 27.0 1 11 30 31 57 312 486 502 605 608 647 648 666 667 669 677 728 810 852 930 938 976 984 985 988
124 Sihui 四惠
sìhuì
0:44 28.6 Batong 1 4 57 312 322 363 397 402 405 455 468 475 495 496 506 628 648 649 666 671 725 728 753 808 810 825 847 912 938支2 984 985 989
125 Sihui East 四惠东
sìhuìdōng
0:47 30.3 Batong 312 363 397 455 468 475 506 628 649 666 718 728 938 938支2

History[edit]

As the oldest line of the Beijing Subway, Line 1 was also the most heavily used from the time the subway opened in 1969 until January 2013, when the near-completion of the Line 10 loop caused ridership on that line to surge past Line 1. Traffic on Line 1 was also was relieved by the opening of the parallel Line 6, with an 8.46% decrease in daily ridership and a 10-20% reduction in flow during rush hour.[8] However during peak hours sections the line still operates above 100% capacity.[8]

Line 1 train at Wangfujing.
Platform of Tian'anmen East Station

Other facilities[edit]

Rolling stock for Line 1 are maintained at Guchenglu and Sihui.

Beyond Pingguoyuan, Line 1 extends further west into a military base where it has several other stations including 54# Heishitou/Wulituo (黑石头/五里坨), 53#/No. 101 Gaojing/Beijing Military Region (高井/北京军区) and 52#/No. 102 Fushouling/Metro Drivers' Vocational School (福寿岭/地铁驾校). These stations are not open for public use.

Future plans[edit]

Increasing capacity[edit]

Due to Line 1's severe overcapacity problem there are plans to introduce seven-car trains.[9] In order for this plan to proceed the oldest section of line 1 between Pingguoyuan and Nanlishilu, which only has platforms long enough to accommodate six-car trains, will have to be lengthened. However the section between Fuxingmen and Sihui East has platforms long enough for 8 car trains. Due to the high cost of extending the platforms of the underground stations the plan is currently put on hold.

Through operations with the Batong Line[edit]

In 2010, a CPPCC member Chending Wang, proposed that Line 1 and the Batong Line directly link, with through operations, reducing travel times by removing the unnecessary forced transfers at Sihui East or Sihui.[10] However, the Beijing MTR responded that Line 1's and Batong's signal systems are completely different, so through-operation will be more difficult to achieve, from an engineering standpoint.

Platform screen gates[edit]

Due to platform congestion and suicides there is a proposal to refit all stations on Line 1 with platform screen doors.[11] However, the arrangement of ventilation in the older stations of Line 1 is incompatible with full-height platform screen doors, so half-height gates will be used.[12]

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Line 1 platform of Jiangguomen Station lies entirely within Dongcheng District. The Line 2 platform straddles the border between Dongcheng and Chaoyang Districts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ridership". Sina. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  2. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2012-05-04. 
  3. ^ "1号线最小行车间隔缩短至2分05秒 早高峰运力提高8%". Beijing Subway. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  4. ^ 高毓才 (1999). 建设中的北京地铁——地铁"复一八"线. 北京: 中国铁道出版社. p. 13. ISBN 7-113-03381-4. 
  5. ^ 潘晓军 (2013). "北京地铁1号线运输能力挖掘研究". 交通运输系统工程与信息 13 (4): 200–204. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ 北京地铁
  8. ^ a b "我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显". 北京市交通委员会. 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  9. ^ 北京地铁1号线6节车厢将扩至7节 凤凰网2010年12月31日
  10. ^ 北京地铁八通线一号线有望贯通 中国网 2011-09-16
  11. ^ 北京地铁1号2号13号线和八通线将装站台安全门 搜狐网 2010年04月06日
  12. ^ 北京地铁老线加装站台安全门已进入论证阶段 大众网 2010-07-04

External links[edit]