Line 10, Beijing Subway

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Line 10
十号线
BJS Line 10 icon.svg
金台夕照站D口.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Xiju
Shoujingmao
Stations 45
Daily ridership 2.501 million (2014 peak)[1]
1.658 million (2013 Avg.)[2]
Operation
Opening 19 July 2008 (Phase I)
30 December 2012 (Phase II, minus three stations)
5 May 2013 (remainder of Phase II)
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Character Underground
Depot(s) Bagou, Songjiazhuang, Wulu
Technical
Line length 57.1 km (35.5 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750V DC Third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Loop line South to Huoqiying
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Bagou
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Suzhoujie
Lines 4, 10
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Haidian Huangzhuang
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Zhichunli
Lines 10, 13
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Zhichunlu
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Xitucheng
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Mudanyuan
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Jiandemen
Lines 8, 10
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Beitucheng
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Anzhenmen
Lines 5, 10
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Huixinxijie Nankou
Lines 10, 13
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Shaoyaoju
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Taiyanggong
Lines 10,
Airport Express
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Sanyuanqiao
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Liangmaqiao
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Agricultural Exhibition Center
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Tuanjiehu
Lines 6, 10
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Hujialou
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Jintaixizhao
Lines 1, 10
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Guomao
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Shuangjing
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Jinsong
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Panjiayuan
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Shilihe
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Fenzhongsi
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Chengshousi
Lines 5, 10, Yizhuang Line
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Songjiazhuang
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Shiliuzhuang
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Dahongmen
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Jiaomen East
Lines 4, 10
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Jiaomen West
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Caoqiao
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Jijiamiao
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Shoujingmao
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Fengtai
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Niwa
Lines 10, 14
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Xiju
Lines 9, 10
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Liuliqiao
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Lianhuaqiao
Lines 1, 10
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Gongzhufen
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Xidiaoyutai
Lines 6, 10
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Cishousi
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Chedaogou
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Changchunqiao
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Huoqiying
Loop line North to Bagou

Line 10 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁10号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shíhào xiàn) is the second loop line in Beijing's rapid transit network as well as the longest and most widely used line. The line is 57.1 km in length and runs entirely underground through Haidian, Chaoyang and Fengtai Districts, either directly underneath or just beyond the 3rd Ring Road.[3] The Line 10 loop is situated between two to six kilometers outside of the Line 2 loop, which circumnavigates Beijing's old city. Every subway line through the city centre intersects with Line 10, which has 24(currently 14 available) transfer stations along route, and 45 stations in all.[3] Line 10's color is      Capri.

Line 10 is the world's longest subway loop line[4] and one of the longest entirely underground subway lines. It is also the longest line to use Siemens' Communication Based Train Control (CBTC) system.[5]

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

The Beijing Subway network was originally conceived to have only one ring line.[6] The booming economy and explosive population growth of Beijing has put a huge amount of demand on Line 2, surpassing its designed capacity. In 2001 and 2002, the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design proposed that two "L-shaped" lines named Line 10 and 11. Together they will form a second loop around Beijing and relive traffic demand on line 2.[7]

Phase I[edit]

On December 27, 2003, in preparation of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing, Phase 1 of Line 10 started construction.[8] On July 19, 2008, Phase I of Line 10 entered operation ahead of the opening of the Olympic Games.[9] It was 24.68 km in length and had 22 stations. Phase I consisted of the northern and eastern sides of Line 10's rectangular loop from Bagou to Jinsong forming an inverted "L"-shaped line.

Beitucheng line101st.jpg MUDANYUAN Station Platform 20130819.JPG 北京地铁知春里站.jpg
Beitucheng Station Mudanyuan station Station sign showing Exits
A, B & D of Zhichunli Station

Phase II[edit]

Construction on Phase II began on December 28, 2007. which means the original plan of Line 11 was not incorporated into the final network design and was absorbed into the Line 10. Line 10 formed the second full loop around Beijing.[10] In 2010, the Ministry of Railways proposed that Fengtai Railway Station is to be renovated and expanded to become a bigger intercity rail terminal for Beijing, with access to the Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway. The rational was to ease intercity traffic pressure on Beijing West Railway Station.[11] Due to the need to reorganize the stations on Line 10 to better serve the new rail terminal, work stopped on 2 stations, namely Mengjiacun (孟家村) and Niwa (泥洼).[12] The planning department proposed that the original Mengjiacun and Niwa subway stations be merged into the new Fengtai Railway Station, known as the "three stops into one" program. Local residents, after realizing their travel to a subway station would be greatly lengthened, quickly opposed the plan.[13] Planners reconsidered and moved Niwa Station 300m north to its current position and Mengjiacun 100m north to be renamed as Fengtai Railway Station.[14] The original station shells were demolished and new stations built in their respective new locations. Niwa station started reconstruction in February 2012,[15] while Fengtai Railway Station started on April 11, 2012.[16] This made the late 2012 opening date for that section of Line 10 highly unlikely and was postponed to the next year.[17] On December 30, 2012, the first section of Phase II, consisting of the southern and western sides of the loop opened. With the opening of Phase I and Phase II, Line 10 became a "C" shape.[18]

Signs on Line 10 trains (above) and on the platforms (below) prior to the opening of the Fengtai Railway Station and Niwa Station on May 5, 2013.

With the opening, the rapid growth in Line 10's ridership, coupled with the fact that Line 6 relieved some traffic from Line 1, allowed Line 10 to overtake line 1 as Beijing's busiest subway line.[19] The Beijing subway started operating express trains that ran non-stop between Songjiazhuang to Jinsong to alleviate traffic in the southeastern section of Line 10. These trains stopped operation after the completion of the loop.[20]

The loop was fully enclosed on May 5, 2013 with the opening of Niwa, Jiaomen East, and Fengtai Railway Stations.[3][9][21][22] Service on the Line 10 now consists of "full-loop" trains that make the journey through all 45 stations in 104 minutes, and "partial-loop" trains that run from Chedaogou in the northwest to Songjiazhuang in the southeast before turning back.[3]

潘家园站站厅.JPG 地铁10号线丰台站站厅.JPG 公主坟站10号线站厅天花板.JPG
Hall of Panjiayuan station FENGTAI Railway station Hall Ceiling of Gongzhufen station, Line 10

Fare[edit]

Flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers.

Hours of Operation[edit]

The first train on the inner (clockwise) loop departs from Xiju towards Shoujingmao at 5:20am. The first train on the outer (counter-clockwise) loop departs from Shoujingmao towards Xiju at 6:12am. The last inner loop train leaves Xiju for Bagou at 11:29pm. The last outer loop train leaves Shoujingmao for Chedaogou at 11:06pm. For the official timetable, see.[23]

Route[edit]

Line 10 to scale

From Bagou near Wanliu Park in Haidian District, Line 10 runs straight east, between the northern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. At Xitucheng, the line meets the northern section of the Yuan dynasty earthen city wall, called tucheng. The Jiandemen and Anzhenmen stops are named after former gates in the wall. At Beitucheng, Olympic Branch Line extends off Line 10 and provides access to the Beijing Olympic Green. Farther east, Line 10 turns south after the Sanyuanqiao and follows the eastern 3rd Ring Road straight south to Jinsong in Chaoyang District. The Bagou-Jinsong section constituted Phase I of Line 10, which first opened in July 2008, and connects the university district in Haidian with the embassy district and Beijing CBD. A trip from Bagou to Jinsong takes about 40 minutes.

Service routes[edit]

List of Stations[edit]

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Travel Time
hours
Transfer
Nearby Bus Stops*
Location
— ↑ loop line - towards Huoqiying ↑ —
Bagou 巴沟 0:00 302, 304, 307, 323, 361, 362, 367 374, 386, 394, 630, 664, 704, 851 Haidian
Suzhoujie 苏州街 0:01 26, 302, 304, 361, 367, 394, 630, 671, 851, 944
Haidian Huangzhuang 海淀黄庄 0:03 4 302, 320, 304, 332, 355, 386, 630, 653, 671, 697, 717, 718, 731, 801, 861, 944
Zhichunli 知春里 0:05 304, 323, 386, 630, 653, 671, 689, 826, 851
Zhichunlu 知春路 0:07 13 304, 386, 604, 641, 653, 671, 826, 851, 944
Xitucheng 西土城 0:09 21, 304, 323快, 375, 392, 398, 490, 498, 604, 641, 653, 671, 691, 826, 836, 851
Mudanyuan 牡丹园 0:11 16, 21, 22, 38, 47, 304, 331, 425, 510, 618, 635, 641, 653, 689, 690, 826, 851
Jiandemen 建德门 0:13 21, 55, 305, 315, 345, 407, 510, 618, 625, 641, 645, 653, 670, 695, 849, 909, 939 Haidian / Chaoyang
[note 1]
Beitucheng 北土城 0:15 8 21, 113, 380, 407, 409, 645, 653, 694, 839, 849. 特2 Chaoyang
Anzhenmen 安贞门 0:17 18, 108, 124, 328, 358, 380, 387, 409, 426, 430, 643 653, 758, 849, 850, 858, 985, 运通104
Huixinxijie Nankou 惠新西街南口 0:19 5 19, 101, 125, 464
Shaoyaoju 芍药居 0:22 13 515, 606
Taiyanggong 太阳宫 0:24 467, 515, 623, 966
Sanyuanqiao 三元桥 0:27 Airport 359, 401, 404, 614, 915, 916, 936支, 954, 967, 970
Liangmaqiao 亮马桥 0:29 402, 405, 413, 418, 419, 420, 421, 499, 503, 516, 627, 671, 672, 675, 688, 701, 707, 718, 801, 909, 955, 984, 985, 运通107, 特3
Agricultural Exhibition Center 农业展览馆 0:31 302, 402, 405, 420, 421, 499, 516, 627, 635, 671, 675, 701, 707, 731, 718, 运通107, 特3
Tuanjiehu 团结湖 0:33 113, 115, 117, 350, 406, 431, 416环, 686, 701, 750, 758, 特3
Hujialou 呼家楼 0:35 6 113, 126, 350, 402, 405, 420, 421, 440, 627, 671, 707, 750, 858, 特3
Jintaixizhao 金台夕照 0:37 9, 113, 402, 405, 488, 421, 686, 707, 729, 801, 974, 运通107, 特3, 特8内
Guomao 国贸 0:38 1 1, 9, 28, 37, 48, 57, 113, 348 402, 405, 421, 728, 729, 801, 802, 808, 810, 975, 976
Shuangjing 双井 0:41 28, 35, 37, 57, 300, 457, 627, 637, 683, 686, 707, 715, 802, 954, 974, 976, 运通107, 特3, 特8内
Jinsong 劲松 0:42 28, 29, 35, 37, 41, 52, 352, 457, 637, 638, 686, 683, 707, 802, 974, 特3, 特8
Panjiayuan 潘家园
Shilihe 十里河
Fenzhongsi 分钟寺
Chengshousi 成寿寺 Fengtai
Songjiazhuang 宋家庄 5 Yizhuang
Shiliuzhuang 石榴庄
Dahongmen 大红门
Jiaomen East 角门东
Jiaomen West 角门西 4
Caoqiao 草桥
Jijiamiao 纪家庙
Shoujingmao 首经贸
Fengtai Railway Station 丰台站
Niwa 泥洼
Xiju 西局 14
Liuliqiao 六里桥 9
Lianhuaqiao 莲花桥 Haidian
Gongzhufen 公主坟 1
Xidiaoyutai 西钓鱼台
Cishousi 慈寿寺 6
Chedaogou 车道沟
Changchunqiao 长春桥
Huoqiying 火器营
— ↓ Loop line - towards Bagou ↓ —

Technology[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

A mockup of the front car of a DKZ15 train, November 2011

Line 10 uses a fleet of 84 6-car DKZ15 trains manufactured by Changchun Railway Vehicles from 2007 until 2012.

Signaling system[edit]

For metro line 10, Siemens Transportation Systems and China Railway Signaling & Communication Corp. have equipped the line with ETCS Level 3 technology. As a fallback level the ETCS Level 1 is available.[24]

Safety[edit]

There are subway public security bureaus (police stations) located in the Bagou, Beitucheng and Liangmaqiao stations. Emergencies can be reported by calling 110 or 64011327.[25]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Jiandemen Station straddles the border between Haidian and Chaoyang Districts.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  2. ^ "北京地铁10号线贯通一个月客流增近八成". chinanews. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 陈琳, 刘洋, 张璐 "北京地铁10号线贯通全长57公里 跑一圈近2小时" 北京晨报 2013-05-06
  4. ^ "Beijing Subway Line 10: "If you like it then you should have put a ring round it"". Explore Metro. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  5. ^ "Beijing opens world's longest CBTC-based metro line". Siemens AG. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  6. ^ "北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战(第一部分)". 北京日报 (新华网). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  7. ^ "北京城市轨道交通线网调整规划". 郭春安. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  8. ^ "北京地铁10号线一期奥运前竣工 解读全部站点". 搜狐. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  9. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁10号线二期12月28日开工 京华时报 Nov. 4, 2008
  10. ^ "北京:地铁10号线二期12月28日开工 2013年竣工". Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  11. ^ 李贵民 (2010-03-29). "北京丰台火车站改造扩建工程提上日程". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  12. ^ 梁琦 (2011-01-05). "丰台站改扩建 启动拆迁前期准备". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  13. ^ 林阿珍 (2010-06-12). "七千人签名反对地铁"三站合一"". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  14. ^ 耿诺 (2010-07-30). "北京地铁10号线两车站北移与丰台火车站接驳". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  15. ^ "北京地铁10号线将于明年6月全线贯通运行". 2012-12-09. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  16. ^ "10号线二期提前"C"型贯通". 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  17. ^ 罗源源. "地铁丰台站有望下月封顶". Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  18. ^ "4条地铁新线12月30日试运营". 北京市重大项目建设指挥部办公室. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  19. ^ "日均客流超过1号线 地铁10号线变得最拥挤". 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  20. ^ 李秋萌 (2013-05-02). "环线运营后 10号线东段将取消大站快车". Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  21. ^ (Chinese)"北京地铁10号线拟明年5月全线"O"形贯通". 北京晨报. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  22. ^ (Chinese) BII Line 10 Phase II page last accessed July 30, 2009
  23. ^ 10号线列车时刻表 | 北京地铁官方网站. Bjsubway.com (2013-05-21). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  24. ^ "Metro Line 10 (Olympic Line), Wanliu - Jinsong, Beijing". Siemens AG. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  25. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁地铁10号线三个派出所正式挂牌办公". 竞报. July 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-22.