Line 1, Beijing Subway

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Line 1
一号线
BJS Line 1 icon.svg
Beijing Metro Type SFM04.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Pingguoyuan
Sihui East
Stations 23
Daily ridership 1,604,700 (2012 Peak)[1][2]
1.4 million (2011 Avg.)[3]
Operation
Opening 1971
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Depot(s) Guchenglu, Sihui Depots [4][5]
Technical
Line length 30.3 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed 80 km/h (maximum service speed)
Route map
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Pingguoyuan
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Guchenglu
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Bajiao Amusement Park
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Babaoshan
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Yuquanlu
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Wukesong
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Wanshoulu
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Gongzhufen
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Military Museum
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Muxidi
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Nanlishilu
Lines 1, 2
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Fuxingmen
Lines 1, 4
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Xidan
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Tian'anmen West
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Tian'anmen East
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Wangfujing
Lines 1, 5
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Dongdan
Lines 1, 2
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Jianguomen
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Yonganli
Lines 1, 10
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Guomao
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Dawanglu
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui East

Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east-west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. Line 1's color is      red.

Fare[edit]

Flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers.

Hours of operation[edit]

The first east-bound trains departs from Guchenglu at 4:58am and Pingguoyuan at 5:10am. The first west-bound train departs Sihui at 4:56am and Sihui East at 5:05am. The last east-bound train leaves Pingguoyuan at 10:55pm. The last west-bound train leaves Sihui East at 11:15pm. For the official timetable, see.[6]

Route[edit]

Line 1's western terminus is Pingguoyuan, located in the Western Hills of Shijingshan District. The line heads southeast to its second stop at Gucheng Lu and from there runs straight east, following Chang'an Avenue all the way to its eastern terminus, Sihui East in Chaoyang District, just beyond the 4th Ring Road. The line passes through Xidan, Wangfujing and Dongdan, among other important commercial centers of Xicheng and Dongcheng Districts, as well as the Beijing CBD near the China World Trade Center. Line 1 intersects twice with the Line 2 loop, at Fuxingmen and Jian'guomen, once with Line 4 at Xidan, once with Line 5 at Dongdan, and twice with Line 10 at Gongzhufen and Guomao. From Sihui and Sihui East, passengers can transfer to Batong Line which runs further east, to Tongzhou District. The line's total operational length is 30.4 km. It has 23 stations in operation; all except for Sihui and Sihui East are underground.

Stations (from west to east)[edit]

Station
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Travel Time
hours
Distance
km
Transfer
Nearby Bus Stops*[7]
Location
103 Pingguoyuan
苹果园
píngguǒyuán
0:00 0.0 325 336 358 370 396 399 472 527 597 663 664 892 929 931 941快 948 959 961 972 977 977快 981 992 运通112 运通116 专108 专109 Shijingshan
104 Gucheng
古城
gǔchéng
0:04 2.5 318 327 337 385 399 597 941 958 959 夜5 专108
105 Bajiao Amusement Park 八角游乐园
bājiǎo yóulèyuán
0:07 4.4 325 327 337 354 373 472 527 545 574 597 598 663 914 941 958 959 965 夜5 专46 专91
106 Babaoshan
八宝山
bābǎoshān
0:10 6.4 1 76 337 373 527 545 546 574 914 941 951 961 特10 夜1 运通120 专69
107 Yuquanlu
玉泉路
yùquán lù
0:12 7.8 1 76 78 79 337 338 370 373 389 436 452 472 473 481 507 597 612 736 941 941快 特10 夜1 运通114 云通120 专11 专110
108 Wukesong
五棵松
wǔkēsōng
0:15 9.6 1 64 76 97 337 370 373 436 568 624 627 634 740 952 967 982 983 特9 夜1 运通115 运通120 Haidian
109 Wanshoulu
万寿路
wànshòulù
0:18 11.4 1 32 33 64 68 76 77 89 308 335 337 370 373 436 451 624 夜1 夜5 夜16 运通120
110 Gongzhufen
公主坟
gōngzhǔfén
0:20 12.7 10 1 32 33 40 52 64 68 74 76 77 89 94 99 300 300快 308 323 335 337 370 373 374 436 437 451 613 624 631 631快 658 698 944 968 977 977快 特8 夜1 夜5 夜30 运通102 运通103 运通120 运通201
111 Military Museum 军事博物馆
jūnshì bówùguǎn
0:22 13.9 9 1 21 40 52 65 68 78 94 99 308 320 337 414 特18 夜1 夜5 夜8
112 Muxidi
木樨地
mùxīdì
0:23 15.1 1 21 32 52 65 68 78 94 99 114 308 337 695 717 特5 特6 特18 夜1 夜8 Xicheng
113 Nanlishilu
南礼士路
nánlǐshì lù
0:25 16.4 1 3 10 15 19 42 46 49 52 56 99 337 697 840 843 844 937 夜1 夜8 夜12
114 Fuxingmen
复兴门
fùxīngmén
0:26 16.7 2 1 10 15 44 49 50 52 84 99 337 387 395 423 456 662 691 特4 特12 夜1 夜20
115 Xidan 西单
xīdān
0:28 18.4 4 1 15 22 52 70 83 88 99 102 105 109 603 608 特13 夜1 夜4 夜10
116 Tian'anmen West
天安门西
tiān'ānmén xī
0:30 19.7 1 5 52 99 观光1 夜1 专2
117 Tian'anmen East
天安门东
tiān'ānmén dōng
0:32 20.6 1 2 52 59 82 99 120 126 观光1 夜1 夜2 夜17 专2 Dongcheng
118 Wangfujing
王府井
wángfǔjǐng
0:33 21.4 1 41 52 59 99 103 104 120 126 127 420 特11 夜1 夜17 夜18 夜21 专2
119 Dongdan 东单
dōngdān
0:34 22.0 5 1 25 39 41 52 99 106 108 110 111 116 120 126 127 684 685 夜1 夜17 夜10
120 Jianguomen
建国门
jiànguómén
0:36 23.5 2 25 39 43 44 52 99 122 420 434 637 638 650 特2 特12 夜10 夜19 夜20 夜24 夜28 Dongcheng
[note 1]
121 Yong'anli
永安里
yǒng'ānlǐ
0:38 24.7 1 9 28 43 58 99 120 126 403 619 639 666 668 673 夜1 夜24 Chaoyang
122 Guomao 国贸
guómào
0:40 25.6 10 1 9 11 28 57 58 91 98 99 113 312 348 402 405 421 488 502 503 601 619 626 647 648 666 667 668 669 673 686 707 801 804 805 805快 806 807 808 809 810 814 816 817 818 818快 846 938 938快 954 974 976 998 特8 夜1 夜30 运通107 专5 专10
123 Dawanglu
大望路
dàwàng lù
0:42 27.0 1 11 30 31 57 58 312 382 402 405 486 502 595 605 621 626 647 648 666 667 668 669 677 715 811 812 815 815快 816 817 930 973 976 984 985 988 夜1 夜25 夜34 运通121
124 Sihui 四惠
sìhuì
0:44 28.6 Batong 1 57 58 312 322 363 382 397 402 405 450 455 468 475 496 506 553 581 648 657 666 671 865 984 989 夜1 专113
125 Sihui East 四惠东
sìhuìdōng
0:47 30.3 Batong 312 363 382 397 450 468 475 506 553 581 666 运通121

History[edit]

As the oldest line of the Beijing Subway, Line 1 was also the most heavily used from the time the subway opened in 1969 until January 2013, when the near-completion of the Line 10 loop caused ridership on that line to surge past Line 1. Recent traffic relief efforts have been completed in recent years. The opening of the first phase of the parallel Line 6, caused an 8.46% decrease in daily demand and a 10-20% reduction in peak flow during rush hour.[8] In addition Beijing BRT line 2 parallels the eastern section of Line 1. However during peak hours sections the line still operates above 100% capacity.[8]

Line 1 train at Wangfujing.
Platform of Tian'anmen East Station

Other facilities[edit]

Rolling stock for Line 1 are maintained at Guchenglu and Sihui.

Beyond Pingguoyuan, Line 1 extends further west into a military base where it has several other stations including 54# Heishitou/Wulituo (黑石头/五里坨), 53#/No. 101 Gaojing/Beijing Military Region (高井/北京军区) and 52#/No. 102 Fushouling/Metro Drivers' Vocational School (福寿岭/地铁驾校). These stations are not open for public use.[citation needed]

Future plans[edit]

Increasing capacity[edit]

Due to Line 1's severe overcapacity problem there are plans to introduce seven-car trains.[9] In order for this plan to proceed the oldest section of line 1 between Pingguoyuan and Nanlishilu, which only has platforms long enough to accommodate six-car trains, will have to be lengthened. However the section between Fuxingmen and Sihui East has platforms long enough for 8 car trains. Due to the high cost of extending the platforms of the underground stations the plan is currently put on hold.

Through operations with the Batong Line[edit]

In 2010, a CPPCC member Chending Wang, proposed that Line 1 and the Batong Line directly link, with through operations, reducing travel times by removing the unnecessary forced transfers at Sihui East or Sihui.[10] However, the Beijing MTR responded that Line 1's and Batong's signal systems are completely different, so through-operation will be more difficult to achieve, from an engineering standpoint.

Platform screen gates[edit]

Due to platform congestion and suicides there is a proposal to refit all stations on Line 1 with platform screen doors.[11] However, the arrangement of ventilation in the older stations of Line 1 is incompatible with full-height platform screen doors, so half-height gates will be used.[12]

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Line 1 platform of Jiangguomen Station lies entirely within Dongcheng District. The Line 2 platform straddles the border between Dongcheng and Chaoyang Districts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ridership". Sina. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  2. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2012-05-04. 
  3. ^ "1号线最小行车间隔缩短至2分05秒 早高峰运力提高8%". Beijing Subway. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  4. ^ 高毓才 (1999). 建设中的北京地铁——地铁"复一八"线. 北京: 中国铁道出版社. p. 13. ISBN 7-113-03381-4. 
  5. ^ 潘晓军 (2013). "北京地铁1号线运输能力挖掘研究". 交通运输系统工程与信息 13 (4): 200–204. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ 北京地铁
  8. ^ a b "我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显". 北京市交通委员会. 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  9. ^ 北京地铁1号线6节车厢将扩至7节 凤凰网2010年12月31日
  10. ^ 北京地铁八通线一号线有望贯通 中国网 2011-09-16
  11. ^ 北京地铁1号2号13号线和八通线将装站台安全门 搜狐网 2010年04月06日
  12. ^ 北京地铁老线加装站台安全门已进入论证阶段 大众网 2010-07-04

External links[edit]