Line 1 (Saint Petersburg Metro)

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Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line
Depot 4 "Severnoye"
Devyatkino
Grazhdansky Prospekt
Murinskiy Ruchei
Akademicheskaya
Politekhnicheskaya
Ploschad Muzhestva
Lesnaya
Vyborgskaya
Ploshchad Lenina
Neva River
Chernyshevskaya
Ploshchad Vosstaniya Transfer to M3 Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya Line at Mayakovskaya.
Vladimirskaya Transfer to M4 Pravoberezhnaya Line at Dostoevskaya.
Pushkinskaya Transfer to M5 Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line at Zvenigorodskaya.
Tekhnologichesky Institut Transfer to M2 Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya Line via cross-platform interchange.
Obvodny Kanal
Baltiyskaya
Narvskaya
Kirovsky Zavod
Avtovo
Krasnenkaya River
Depot 1 "Avtovo"
Depot 2 "Dachnoye"
Dachnoye
Leninsky Prospekt
Prospekt Veteranov
Kirovsky Zavod station platform

Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line (Russian: Кировско-Вы́боргская ли́ния) is the oldest line of the Saint Petersburg Metro, opened in 1955. The original stations are very beautiful and elaborately decorated, especially Avtovo and Narvskaya. The line connects four out of five Saint Petersburg's main railway stations. In 1995, a flooding occurred in a tunnel between Lesnaya and Ploschad Muzhestva stations and, for nine years, the line was separated into two independent segments (the gap was connected by a shuttle bus route). The line is also the only one to feature shallow stations.

The line cuts Saint Petersburg centre on a northeast-southwest axis. In the south its alignment follows the shore of the Gulf of Finland. In the north it extends outside the city limits into the Leningrad oblast (it is the only line to stretch beyond the city boundary). The Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line generally coloured red on Metro maps.

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Length
Ploshchad Vosstaniya to Avtovo November 15, 1955 9.4 km
Pushkinskaya December 30, 1956 N/A
Ploshchad Vosstaniya to Ploshchad Lenina June 1, 1958 3.0 km
Avtovo to Dachnoye (temporary) June 1, 1966 1.5 km
Ploshchad Lenina to Akademicheskaya April 22, 1975 8.8 km
Politekhnicheskaya December 29, 1975 N/A
Avtovo to Prospekt Veteranov September 29, 1977 3.5 - 1.5 km*
Akademicheskaya to Devyatkino December 29, 1978 4.9 km
Total: 19 Stations 29.6 km

* Upon the 1977 extension, the temporary station Dachnoye (which had been the terminus since 1966) and its tracks were demolished.

Name changes[edit]

Station Previous name(s) Years
Devyatkino Komsomolskaya 1978–1991

Transfers[edit]

Transfer to At
Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya Line Tekhnologichesky Institut
Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya Line Ploshchad Vosstaniya
Pravoberezhnaya Line Vladimirskaya
Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line Pushkinskaya

The transfer on Tekhnologichesky Institut is a cross-platform one. Last transfer to the Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line has opened via Pushkinskaya in 2008.

Rolling stock[edit]

Two depots serve the line, Avtovo (№ 1) and Severnoe (№ 4), although when the lines separated in 1995 the Severnoe served the northern section whilst the Avtovo, along with other depots took over the southern section. As there was a large surplus in the north, conventional railway was used to transfer many of the trains to other depots. Upon the reunification of the two sections, the Severnoe depot's park was restored and the line became the first to start using eight-carriage trains, of which currently 34 and 20 trains are assigned respectively to the metro. Most of them are E, Em, Ema, and Emx trains built in the 1960s and 1970s.

Recent developments and future plans[edit]

As most of the stations on this line are very old, constant renovations are taking place restoring them. The stations Vladimirskaya and Narvskaya were closed for reconstruction from autumn 2006 until 2008.[citation needed] The controversial mosaic of Stalin located on Narvskaya station behind the service room is still subject to debate on whether to open it to the public. Plans to expand the line southward are currently being discussed.