Line 2 (Budapest Metro)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 2 (Budapest Metro)
Budapest M2 Metro.svg
Overview
Stations 11
Line number Line 2 ("Red metro")
Technical
Line length 10.3 km (6 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 825 V DC
Operating speed 70 km/h[1]
Route map
Budapest M2 Metro map.png
Metro 2
Déli pályaudvar HSR (MÁV)
Széll Kálmán tér
Batthyány tér Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h5 jms.svg
Danube
Kossuth Lajos tér
Deák Ferenc tér BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 3 jms.svg
Astoria
Blaha Lujza tér
Keleti pályaudvar BKV m 4 jms.svg HSR (MÁV)
Puskás Ferenc Stadion
Pillangó utca
Örs vezér tere Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h8 jms.svgBKV h9 jms.svg
 Detailed track map 
0
18
Déli pályaudvar HSR (MÁV)
1
16
Széll Kálmán tér
3
15
Batthyány tér Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h5 jms.svg
Danube
4
13
Kossuth Lajos tér
6
11
Deák Ferenc tér BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 3 jms.svg
9
10
Astoria
10
8
Blaha Lujza tér
11
6
Keleti pályaudvar BKV m 4 jms.svg HSR (MÁV)
14
4
Puskás Ferenc Stadion
15
2
Pillangó utca
18
0
Örs vezér tere Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h8 jms.svgBKV h9 jms.svg


The Metro 2 (Officially: M2, East-West Line, Unofficially: Red Line) is the second line of Budapest Metro. The line runs east from Déli pályaudvar in north-central Buda under the Danube to the city center, from where it continues east following the route of Rákóczi út to its terminus at Örs vezér tere.

Prior to the 2014 opening of Metro 4, it was the only line that served Buda. Daily ridership is estimated at 451,627.

History[edit]

The first plans for the present-day two lines were made in 1942, and the Council of Ministers' decree enacted its building in 1950.[2] Metro 2 was originally planned to connect two major railway stations, Keleti (Eastern) and Déli (Southern) pályaudvar. They wanted to complete the first section by 1954 between Deák Ferenc tér and Népstadion (today Puskás Ferenc Stadion), the second section by 1955 between Déli pályaudvar and Deák Ferenc tér.[3] The construction was ceased for financial and political reasons from 1954 till 1963,[2] the ruling Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party decided to restart the construction on a party congress in 1959.[3] It was finally opened with seven stations on April 4 (then a Communist holiday in Hungary) in 1970, and the second section in 1972.[2] The eastern section was extended to Örs vezér tere, instead of Népstadion.[2] Operation started in 1970 with 3 units, expanded to 4 units soon after. There are five unit-trains on Line 2 since 1972.[4] A major reconstruction of the track and the stations was undertaken between 2004 and 2008, with new trains arriving in 2010.

It runs in an east-west direction through the city, and it was the first metro line to cross the River Danube and reach Buda (the western part of Budapest).[5] It has a transfer station with Line 1 and Line 3 at Deák Ferenc tér, and a transfer station for Line 4 at Keleti pályaudvar.

Sections[1] Opened Length Stations
Deák Ferenc tér - Örs vezér tere 1970 6.7 km (4 mi) 7
Déli pályaudvar - Deák Ferenc tér 1972 3.6 km (2 mi) 4
Total 1972 10.3 km (6 mi) 11

Stations and connections[edit]

Station Connection Buildings/Monuments
Örs vezér tere Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h8 jms.svg, Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h9 jms.svg
3, 62, 62A
80, 81, 82
BKV busz symbol.svg 31, 32, 44, 45, 67, 85, 85E, 97E, 100, 131, 144, 161,
161A, 168E, 169E, 174, 176E, 231, 244, 261E, 276E, 277
Árkád Budapest
Pillangó utca BKV busz symbol.svg 100 Kincsem Park
Puskás Ferenc Stadion 1, 1A
75, 77, 80, 80A
BKV busz symbol.svg 95, 130
Ferenc Puskás Stadium, László Papp Budapest Sports Arena, Kisstadion
Keleti pályaudvar MÁV
BKV metro.svgBKV m 4 jms.svg
24
73, 76, 78, 79, 80, 80A
BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 7, 7E, 8, 20E, 30, 30A, 107, 110, 112, 133, 178, 230, 233, 239
Keleti pályaudvar, Arena Plaza
Blaha Lujza tér 4, 6, 28, 28A, 37, 37A, 62
74
BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 7, 7E, 8, 99, 107, 110, 112, 133, 178, 217E, 233, 239
Boscolo Budapest Hotel
Astoria 47, 48, 49
74
BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 7, 8, 9, 15, 107, 110, 112, 115, 133, 178, 233, 239
Danubius Hotel Astoria, Dohány Street Synagogue
Deák Ferenc tér BKV metro.svgBKV m 1 jms.svg, BKV metro.svgBKV m 3 jms.svg
47, 48, 49
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 15, 16, 105, 115
Deák Ferenc tér, Town Hall, Metro Museum (Földalatti Vasút Múzeum), St. Stephen's Basilica
Kossuth Lajos tér 2
70, 78
BKV busz symbol.svg 15, 115
Hungarian Parliament Building, Ethnographic Museum
Batthyány tér Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h5 jms.svg
19, 41
BKV busz symbol.svg 11, 17, 39, 86, 160, 260, 260A
Market Hall
Széll Kálmán tér 4, 6, 18, 59, 59A, 61
BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 16, 16A, 21, 21A, 22, 22A, 39, 91, 102, 116, 128, 129,
139, 140, 140A, 149, 155, 156, 222
Post Palace Budapest, Városmajor
Déli pályaudvar MÁV
18, 59, 59A, 61
BKV busz symbol.svg 21, 21A, 39, 102, 139, 140, 140A
Déli pályaudvar

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Árpád Bodnár: A budapesti metró két évtizede ("Two decades of the Budapest Metro"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XXXI, Vol. 3, pp. 119-121, Budapest, 1991
  2. ^ a b c d András Koós: A 2-es metróvonal infrastruktúrájának korszerűsítése ("Modernization of the Line 2"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XL, Vol. 2, pp. 85, Budapest, 2000
  3. ^ a b Ágnes Medveczky Kovácsyné: 25 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 25 years old"), BKV, Budapest, 1995
  4. ^ Botond Aba: 30 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 30 years old"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XL, Vol. 2, pp. 71, Budapest, 2000
  5. ^ Budapest City Atlas, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2011, ISBN 978-963-03-9124-5