Orange Line (Montreal Metro)

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     Orange Line / Ligne Orange
Montreal Metro.svg
Lucien-L'Allier 1.jpg
Metro arriving at Lucien-L'Allier Station
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Montreal Metro
Locale Montreal, (QC), Canada.
Termini Côte-Vertu metro station
Montmorency metro station
Stations 31
Operation
Opening October 14, 1966
Operator(s) Société de transport de Montréal (STM)
Depot(s) Plateau d'Youville, Saint-Charles, Montmorency, Centre d'attachement Duvernay, Snowdon tail tracks and connecting track
Rolling stock Bombardier Transportation MR-73 cars
Technical
Line length 30.0 km (18.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification "Third rail", 750 V DC on the guide bars at either side of the track
Operating speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Route map
Orange Line
to Laval
Montmorency Garage
AMTnewlogo simplified.svgBois-Franc
Poirier
Montmorency
De La Concorde
Cartier
Rivière des Prairies
Laval
Montreal
Côte-Vertu
Saint-Charles Garage
Du Collège
Henri-Bourassa
De La Savane
Namur
Sauvé
Youville Shops
Plamondon
to Blue Line
Crémazie
Côte-Sainte-Catherine
Jarry
Jean-TalonMtlMetro5.svg
MtlMetro5.svgSnowdon
Beaubien
Villa-Maria
Rosemont
Vendôme
two single tunnels
Laurier
Place-Saint-Henri
Mont-Royal
Green Line
to Angrignon
Sherbrooke
MtlMetro1.svgLionel-Groulx
Berri-UQAM
formerly Berri-de-Montigny
MtlMetro1.svg MtlMetro4.svg
Duvernay sidings
Berri service platform
Georges-Vanier
AMTnewlogo simplified.svgLucien-L'Allier
Yellow Line
to Longueuil
Champ-de-Mars
AMTnewlogo simplified.svg VIA Rail Canada simplified.svgBonaventure
Place-d'Armes
Square-Victoria

The Orange Line (French: Ligne orange), is the longest, most congested, and first-planned of the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It formed part of the initial network, and was extended from 1980 to 1986. On April 28, 2007, three new stations in Laval opened making it the second line to leave Montreal Island.

The Orange Line measures 30 kilometres (19 mi) in length and counts 31 stations. It is the longest subway line in Montreal and the second-longest in Canada after the Yonge–University–Spadina line of the Toronto subway. Like the rest of the Metro network, it is entirely underground. The line runs in a U-shape from Côte-Vertu in northwestern Montreal to Montmorency in Laval, northeast of Montreal.

History[edit]

The line was planned to run between Crémazie and Place-d'Armes.

Work on the Orange Line began on May 23, 1962 on Berri Street just south of Jarry Street.[1] In November 1962, the city of Montreal learned that it had been awarded the 1967 International and Universal Exposition (commonly known as Expo 67). To better meet the anticipated demand for transit during Expo 67, it was decided on August 6, 1963 to add the Sauvé and Henri-Bourassa stations in the north, and the Square-Victoria-OACI and Bonaventure stations in the south.

On October 14, 1966, the section between Henri-Bourassa and Place-d'Armes opened, forming part of the original Metro network. Completion of smaller sections were delayed by several months. On February 6, 1967, the segment from Place-d'Armes to Square-Victoria-OACI opened, followed on February 13, 1967, by Bonaventure.

Prior to the inauguration of the initial network, extensions were proposed in all directions, including the West Island. In its 1967 Urban Plan, entitled "Horizon 2000",[2] the city of Montreal planned to build, a network of almost 100 miles (160 km) by the end of the twentieth century. On February 12, 1971, the council of the Montreal Urban Community authorized the borrowing of C$430 million to extend the Metro. This amount increased to C$665 million in 1973, and to C$1.6 billion in 1975. This expansion plan included the costs of extending the Orange line westward, a distance of 20.5 kilometres (12.7 mi)), adding 16 new stations, as well as the construction of a new garage.[3] The terminus station, Salaberry, would have been an intermodal station with Bois-Franc commuter rail station.

From the beginning, the plan was to expand the Metro to the northwest, but massive cost overruns on the expansion of the Green line in preparation for the 1976 Summer Olympics, led to several years of delays, including a moratorium on underground expansions in 1976. To cut costs, three planned stations (Poirier, Bois-Franc, De Salaberry) and a maintenance workshop at the end of the track were eliminated.

In 1979, the Minister of Transport, Denis de Belleval, proposed to complete the subway extension to Du Collège and to extend the rest of the line above ground. This transportation plan was rejected by the mayors of the Montreal Urban Community. The moratorium was lifted in February 1981, when a new agreement that approved the construction of one additional station, Côte-Vertu. Du Collège was considered inappropriate to play the role of a terminus.

The western segment was constructed in the 1980s and was opened in several stages. On April 28, 1980, it was extended from Bonaventure to Place-Saint-Henri. From there, the line was extended to Snowdon on September 7, 1981, on 4 January 1982 to Côte-Sainte-Catherine, on June 29, 1982 to Plamondon, on January 9, 1984 to Du Collège, and finally on November 3, 1986 to the western terminus of Côte-Vertu.

Laval extension[edit]

After a break of more than two decades of expansion, the eastern segment was extended from Henri-Bourassa by three stations into the city of Laval. This 5.2 kilometres (3.2 mi) long section, required digging a tunnel underneath the Rivière des Prairies. The three stations were, in order: Cartier, De la Concorde and Montmorency. Montmorency station is in proximity to Collège Montmorency and to the Laval campus of the Université de Montréal.

The Laval extension was inaugurated on April 26, 2007 and opened to the public on April 28, 2007. It was completely financed by the Government of Quebec, which mandated for the Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) to realize the project. The STM acted as a sub-contractor for the AMT, and was responsible for the installation of fixed equipment. This project extended the Orange line by 5.2 kilometres (3.2 mi), 4.9 kilometres (3.0 mi) not including the depot past Montmorency, at a cost of roughly C$143.27 million per kilometre, which is slightly below the average cost for Metro extensions in other major cities. The total cost of the extension was C$745 million.[4] To this amount, C$12.4 million was added to the cost in 2008, to build a second entrance to Cartier station within Parc des Libellules, located northeast of Boulevard des Laurentides and Cartier.

Future extensions[edit]

In the medium term, there are plans for the Orange line to be further extended toward the northwest from Côte-Vertu. This extension would include two new stations, Poirier and Bois-Franc. The latter would create a transportation hub with the existing station on the Agence métropolitaine de transport's Deux-Montagnes line.[5]

Following the extension of the line into Laval, Gilles Vaillancourt, former mayor of Laval, has suggested that a further six stations be added to the line. Three of these would be in Laval and three in Montreal, in order to create a loop out of the orange line.[6] Recently, Laval city proposed to add 8 more stations to the line, including 5 in Laval to complete the loop and to serve the Carrefour Laval terminus.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

The interior of a MR-73 train.

Maintenance[edit]

The Metro trains are stored in the Saint-Charles Garage, north of Henri-Bourassa station, and in the garage at Montmorency station for passenger cars. They are maintained at the Plateau d'Youville, which is located between Crémazie and Sauvé stations. Centre d'attachement Duvernay, which is connected to the Green Line, is used for maintenance of way equipment. The Snowdon tail tracks and connecting track, which is connected to the Blue Line, is also used for maintenance of way equipment.

Rolling stock[edit]

Main article: MR-73

The MR-73 are the type of trains used on the Orange Line. Introduced in 1976, the MR-73 is the second generation of high-performance Metro cars, identified by rectangular cab headlights, blue and dark orange interiors, 124 kW (166 hp) traction motors that growl while accelerating out of a station, side vents, and a unique three-note sound signature when the train pulls out of a station.

The rolling stock on the Orange Line will be upgraded to MPM-10s starting in 2014. The MR-73 trains will be used thereafter on the Green Line, replacing the aging MR-63s.

List of stations[edit]

Station Inauguration date Odonym Namesake
Côte-Vertu September 3, 1986 Côte-Vertu Road Notre-Dame-de-la-Vertu (Our Lady of Virtue), 18th century name for the area
Du Collège January 9, 1984 Du Collège Street Cégep de Saint-Laurent, local cégep
De La Savane De la Savane Street savane - a savanna or Québécois for swamp
Namur Namur Street Namur, Belgium
Plamondon June 29, 1982 Plamondon Avenue Antoine Plamondon, Québécois painter, or Rodolphe Plamondon,[8] Québécois lyric artist
Côte-Sainte-Catherine January 4, 1982 Côte-Sainte-Catherine Road Côte Sainte-Catherine, 18th century name for area of Outremont
Snowdon

CorrespMtl5.png Line 5 - Blue

September 7, 1981 (Orange Line)
January 4, 1988 (Blue Line)
Snowdon Street; Snowdon neighbourhood Name of area's former landowner
Villa-Maria September 7, 1981 Villa-Maria High School Latin form of "Ville-Marie," former name of Montreal
Vendôme De Vendôme Avenue Likely from the French Dukes of Vendôme
Place-Saint-Henri April 28, 1980 Place Saint-Henri A parish church named for Saint Henry II, to commemorate Fr. Henri-Auguste Roux
Lionel-Groulx

CorrespMtl1.png Line 1 - Green

September 3, 1978 (Green Line)

April 28, 1980 (Orange Line)

Lionel-Groulx Avenue Fr. Lionel Groulx, historien Quebec historian
Georges-Vanier April 28, 1980 Georges-Vanier Boulevard Georges Vanier, Governor-General of Canada
Lucien-L'Allier Lucien-L'Allier Street Lucien L'Allier, General Manager of the Transit Commission when the Metro opened
Bonaventure February 13, 1967 Place Bonaventure Bonaventure Station, in turn for former Bonaventure Street; St. Bonaventure, Italian cleric
Square-Victoria-OACI February 7, 1967 Victoria Square;

International Civil Aviation Organization

Queen Victoria;

Nearby Headquarters of ICAO

Place-d'Armes October 14, 1966 Place d'Armes Historical rallying point for city's defenders
Champ-de-Mars Champ de Mars Park Common term for military exercise ground (Mars, god of war)
Berri-UQAM

CorrespMtl1.png Line 1 - Green

CorrespMtl4.pngLine 4 - Yellow

October 14, 1966 (Green Line and Orange Line)

April 1, 1967 (Yellow Line)

Berri Street;

Université du Québec à Montréal; De Montigny Street

Name given by Migeon de Branssat in 1669; named for Simon Després dit Le Berry;

Testard de Montigny family

Sherbrooke October 14, 1966 Sherbrooke Street John Coape Sherbrooke, Governor-General of British North America
Mont-Royal Mount Royal Avenue Mount Royal
Laurier Laurier Avenue Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada
Rosemont Rosemont Boulevard; Rosemont neighbourhood Named by developer U.-H. Dandurand for his mother, née Rose Phillips
Beaubien Beaubien Street Prominent landowning family
Jean-Talon

CorrespMtl5.png Line 5 - Blue

October 14, 1966 (Orange Line)
June 16, 1986 (Blue Line)
Jean-Talon Street Jean Talon, intendant of New France
Jarry October 14, 1966 Jarry Street Stanislas Blénier dit Jarry père, landowner or Honoré-Bernard Bleignier Jarry
Crémazie Crémazie Boulevard Octave Crémazie, Quebec poet
Sauvé Sauvé Street Name of a landowner
Henri-Bourassa Henri-Bourassa Boulevard Henri Bourassa, Québécois journalist and politician
Cartier April 28, 2007 Cartier Boulevard Sir George-Étienne Cartier Québécois politician, Father of Confederation
De La Concorde April 28, 2007 De la Concorde Boulevard Place de la Concorde in Paris
Montmorency April 28, 2007 Collège Montmorency François de Montmorency-Laval, first Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec and landowner of Île Jésus (Laval)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guimont, Marc (2007). Montréal en métro (in French) (2 ed.). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Guides de voyage Ulysse inc. p. 8. ISBN 978-2-89464-782-0. 
  2. ^ "Horizon 2000". Ville de Montréal (in French). YouTube. 1967. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Gaston, J., Le métro de Montréal, Montréal : Communauté urbaine de Montréal, Bureau de transport métropolitain, 1976 p.61,
  4. ^ "LAVAL METRO EXTENSION". Agence métropolitaine de transport. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Plan de transport — Le métro" (in French). Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Courrier Laval — Actualités — Montréal a bien d’autres priorités
  7. ^ Métro: Laval réclame cinq nouvelles stations - Actualités - Courrier Laval
  8. ^ Joseph-Marcel-Rodolphe Plamondon - The Canadian Encyclopedia

External links[edit]