Line 4, Beijing Subway
Xuanwu & Fengtai
|Daily ridership||1,551,200 (2013 peak)[a]
1,248,000 (2013 Avg. Line 4 only)
|Ridership||351 million (2012 annual)|
|Opening||September 28, 2009|
|Operator(s)||Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd|
|Line length||28.165 km (17.501 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC, third rail|
Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁四号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is the 9th subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. It entered into operation on September 28, 2009, and runs from north to south, parallel and to the west of Line 5, through Haidian, Xicheng, Xuanwu and Fengtai Districts in the western half of the city. It is 28.2 km long with 24 stations. Riding on this line costs a flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers. This line is coloured teal on the subway map.
Hours of operation
The first south-bound trains departs from Anheqiao North at 5:00am. The first north-bound train departs from Gongyixiqiao at 5:10am. The last north-bound train leaves Anheqiao North at 10:45pm. The last south-bound train leaves Gongyixiqiao at 11:10pm. Each train completes the entire journey in 48 minutes.
In the north, Line 4 begins in Anheqiao, just beyond the Summer Palace and heads south past the Old Summer Palace, through the university district and Zhongguancun, Beijing's high-tech silicon village, before turning east at the National Library of China and passing the Beijing Zoo en route to Xizhimen. After entering the 2nd Ring Road at Xizhimen, Line 4 resumes southwards at Xinjiekou and traverses the old city through Xisi, Xidan, Xuanwumen, Caishikou, and Taoranting Park. It passes the city's high-speed rail link at the Beijing South Railway Station before reaching the terminus at Gongyixiqiao. Construction began 2004 but delays have pushed back the opening date by two years to September 28, 2009.
List of Stations
The following is the list of stations, from north to south (with transfer points* to other lines):
|East Gate of Peking University||北京大学东门|
|National Library||国家图书馆||Line 9|
|Xizhimen||西直门||Line 2 Line 13 Beijing North||Xicheng|
|Beijing South Railway Station||北京南站||Beijing South||Fengtai|
|Jiaomen West||角门西||Line 10|
Planning and Construction
Plans for Line 4 date back to the 1950's when Beijing's first subway line was still under construction. It was planned to run from the Summer Palace, east towards Xizhimen, southeast to Zhongshan Park, terminating at the Beijing Stadium, which near today's Tiantandongmen Station. Ultimately, the section between Summer Palace to Xizhimen was built as planned. However, construction only formally started in 2004.
On December 3, 2004 Hong Kong's MTR Corporation, Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd., and Beijing Capital Group Co., Ltd. signed the Beijing Metro Line 4, investment, construction, operation principle of cooperation agreement, making Line 4 the Mainland China's first rail transit line financed using a public-private partnership framework. Subsequently in November 8, 2005 a Joint Venture between the 3 companies was established. The Hong Kong MTRC will invest 735 million RMB to the construction of Line 4 and in return have the right to operate Line 4 for 30 years.
In February 11, 2009 the construction of Line 4 is nearing completion with all tunnels bored. In March 6, four subway trains begin testing while Hong Kong's then Chief Executive, Donald Tsang, visited the project. On September 28, 2009, Beijing Subway Line 4 is officially opened for trial operation. Bringing the number of subway lines in Beijing to 9. On December 30, 2010, the Daxing Line started trial operation, with direct service into Line 4. Creating a 35 station 50 km long line.
Unlike the other lines of the Beijing Subway, which are completely state-owned and operated, Line 4 was built and is managed by the Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd., a three-way joint-venture among the Hong Kong MTR Corporation, the Beijing Capital Group ("BCG"), and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. ("BIIC"). The Hong Kong MTR, which operates the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, and the state-owned BCG each holds a 49% stake in the venture and the BIIC has 2%. The JV is responsible for 30% of the investment capital to build Line 4, mainly to finance the purchase of electrical and mechanical equipment, while the Beijing Municipal Government provided the remaining 70%, to cover civil engineering, station, and track work costs.
The Beijing government has also awarded the JV a concession to manage Line 4 for 30 years. The PPP JV model was designed to introduce private capital as well as advanced metro management methods to the growing Beijing Subway. Among the most visible differences in management of Line 4 is a ban on food and beverage consumption inside Line 4 trains and stations. No such ban exists for other Beijing subway lines.
Planners in Haidian District have proposed extending the line to the north by 8 km with four additional stations. The planned stations have been identified as Baiwangshan (百旺山), Xibeiwang (西北旺), Aerospace City West (航天城西), and Yongfeng (永丰站). The extension remains in the planning stages as there are no plans to build it yet. However according to the June 2010 plans, Line 4’s northern extension will be replaced by the northern extension of Line 16.
a. ^ Daxing Line ridership included.
- 刘冕. "地铁日客流突破1100万人次". Retrieved 2013-07-15.
- "4号线早高峰1分43秒一趟车" (in zh-hans). 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- "案例1：北京地铁四号线项目" (in zh-hans). 北京市发展与改革委员会.
- "白石桥车站渡线地表沉降的数值分析". 杨武子. 《山西建筑》 2007年第33卷第35期. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- (Chinese) "北京地铁4号线9月28日开通" Sept. 28, 2009
- (Chinese) "地铁四号线通过验收" 北京晚报 Sept. 25, 2009
- "北京地铁4号线今年年底将与大兴线贯通运营" news.china.com.cn. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- "Line 4 timetable" (in Chinese). Beijing Subway.
- (Chinese) 北京地铁4号线确定于明年9月试运营 新京报 Aug. 28, 2008
- "北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战" (in zh-hans). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "北京地铁4号线5车站开工 残疾人有专用电梯" (in zh-hans). 2004-08-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "七亿港资注入北京地铁4号线 首创公私合营模式" (in zh-hans). 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "北京地铁4号线今日全线贯通 9月开始运营" (in zh-hans). 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "北京地铁4号线全线实现电通 装修进展顺利 主打地域特色" (in zh-hans). Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "北京地铁4号线开通试运营 下午3时起载客运营" (in zh-hans). 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- "大兴线12月30日两点开门迎客" (in zh-hans). 京港地铁. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Hong Kong MTR Corp wins 30-year operation of new Beijing metro line" People's Daily Apr. 15, 2006
- "Beijing Metro Line 4" Hong Kong MTR Corporate Site Accessed on Jan. 6, 2009
- (Chinese) Chen, Si & Yan, Xinhong, "北京地铁4号线禁吃零食喝饮料 站厅能隔毒气" 法制晚报 June 1, 2009
- "北京地铁4号线拟向北延长8公里 增设四座车站" (lit. Beijing Subway is proposed to extend northward for 8 km and 4 new stations,) 中房网
- "北京地铁明年有望通香山 西长安街沿线道路扩宽" (lit. Beijing Subway is expected to reach Xiang-shan. Xichangan Street will be widened,) Beijing Morning Post, Jan. 7, 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Line 4, Beijing Subway.|
- Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd official site