Line 4, Beijing Subway

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Line 4
四号线
BJS Line 4 icon.svg
魏公村站站台.jpg
Beijing MTR
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Locale Haidian, Xicheng,
Xuanwu & Fengtai
Termini Anheqiao North
Gongyixiqiao
Stations 24
Daily ridership 1,232,000 (2014 Avg. Line 4 only)[1]
1,574,000 (2014 Peak Line 4 only)[2]
Ridership 351 million (2012 annual)[3]
Operation
Opening September 28, 2009
Operator(s) Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd
Depot(s) Longbeicun, Majiapu
Technical
Line length 28.165 km (17.501 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC, third rail
Route map
Longbeicun Depot 龙背村停车场
Anheqiao North 安河桥北
Qing River 清河
Beigongmen 北宫门
Xiyuan 西苑
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园
Wangquan River 万泉河
East Gate of Peking University 北京大学东门
Zhongguancun 中关村
Haidianhuangzhuang 海淀黄庄(Line 10)
Renmin University 人民大学
Weigongcun 魏公村
Track switch to Line 9[4]
National Library 国家图书馆(Line 9, 2012)
Nanchang River 南长河
 Guogongzhuang 
Beijing Zoo 动物园
Xizhimen 西直门(Line 2, Line 13)
Beijing North(Jingbao Railway, Suburban S2)
Xinjiekou 新街口
Ping'anli 平安里(Line 6)
Xisi 西四
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同
Xidan 西单(Line 1)
Xuanwumen 宣武门(Line 2)
Caishikou 菜市口(Line 7, 2013)
Taoranting 陶然亭
Beijing Moat
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站(Line 14, 2014)
Liangshui River 凉水河
Macao River 马草河
Majiapu 马家堡
Jiaomen West 角门西(Line 10)
Gongyixiqiao 公益西桥
Majiapu Railyard 马家堡车辆段
Daxing Line 大兴段
Shuangfeng Railway
Xingong 新宫
Xihongmen 西红门
Gaomidian North 高米店北
Gaomidian South 高米店南
Zaoyuan 枣园
Qingyuanlu 清源路
Huangcun Xidajie 黄村西大街
Huangcun Railway Station 黄村火车站
Yihezhuang 义和庄
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地
Tiangongyuan 天宫院
Nanzhao Road Railyard 南兆路车辆段
This route map:
Inside the train compartment of Line 4. It shares many design features with MTR trains

Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁四号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is the 9th subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. It entered into operation on September 28, 2009,[5] and runs from north to south, parallel and to the west of Line 5, through Haidian, Xicheng, Xuanwu and Fengtai Districts in the western half of the city. It is 28.2 km long with 24 stations.[6] Riding on this line costs a flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers. Line 4's color is      teal.

Line 4 and Daxing Line operate as a single line although they are classified as separate lines.[7]

Hours of operation[edit]

The first south-bound trains departs from Anheqiao North at 5:00am. The first north-bound train departs from Gongyixiqiao at 5:10am. The last north-bound train leaves Anheqiao North at 10:45pm. The last south-bound train leaves Gongyixiqiao at 11:10pm.[8] Each train completes the entire journey in 48 minutes.

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 4 begins in Anheqiao, just beyond the Summer Palace and heads south past the Old Summer Palace, through the university district and Zhongguancun, Beijing's high-tech silicon village, before turning east at the National Library of China and passing the Beijing Zoo en route to Xizhimen. After entering the 2nd Ring Road at Xizhimen, Line 4 resumes southwards at Xinjiekou and traverses the old city through Xisi, Xidan, Xuanwumen, Caishikou, and Taoranting Park. It passes the city's high-speed rail link at the Beijing South Railway Station before reaching the terminus at Gongyixiqiao. Construction began 2004 but delays have pushed back the opening date by two years to September 28, 2009.[9]

Service routes[edit]

List of Stations[edit]

The following is the list of stations, from north to south (with transfer points* to other lines):

Service
routes
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Transfer
Bus Transfer
Location
Line
Anheqiao North 安河桥北 482 512 575 Haidian Line 4
Beigongmen 北宫门 303 330 331 346 375 384 563 584 594 601 608 696 特5 特10
Xiyuan 西苑 331 332 333 375 384 393 432 438 476 482 498 508 509 534 563 579 584 594 601 608 636 671 696 697 952 968 特5 特6 特10 特18 特19 夜8 运通106 运通108 运通114 运通118
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园 331 432 438 498 508 579 594 601 664 696 697 特6 特18 特19 运通124
East Gate of Peking University 北京大学东门 307 331 355 365 375 429 438 498 549 562 579 594 601 614 681 696 697 699 717 982 特4 特6 特18 特19 运通105 运通110
Zhongguancun 中关村 26 302 307 332 333 355 365 384 466 498 549 579 584 601 608 614 634 641 681 696 697 699 717 740 913 982 983 特4 特6 特9 特18 夜8 运通105 运通106 运通110 运通113
Haidianhuangzhuang 海淀黄庄 10 302 304 307 332 355 365 386 549 584 601 608 611 614 630 653 671 681 689 697 699 717 944 特4 特6 特15 特18 夜8 夜9 运通105 运通106 运通109
Renmin University 人民大学 26 79 300 300快 302 323 332 355 361 365 367 384 425 549 584 601 608 614 651 653 658 660 689 695 697 699 717 特4 特6 特8 特15 特18 夜8 夜30 运通101 运通105 运通106 运通201
Weigongcun 魏公村 26 332 608 645 651 653 660 689 697 717 特4 特6 特15 特18 夜8 运通103 运通105 运通106
National Library 国家图书馆 9 86 92 332 563 588 608 653 689 695 697 717 特4 特6 特18 特19 夜8 运通105 运通106
Beijing Zoo 动物园 7 15 19 27 45 65 87 102 103 105 107 111 332 334 347 360 360快 362 534 563 608 632 685 697 714 特4 特19 夜8 运通104 运通105 运通106
Xizhimen 西直门 2 13 China Railways.svg Beijing North (北京北站) 7 16 26 27 87 105 111 332 334 347 360 362 375 438 534 563 608 632 651 特15 夜8 夜14 夜20 运通104 运通105 运通106 Xicheng
Xinjiekou 新街口 7 47 105 111 508 608 夜36
Ping'anli 平安里 6 3 13 22 38 42 88 105 107 111 188 409 608 701 特13 夜3 夜4 夜10 夜21
Xisi 西四 3 13 22 38 42 88 101 102 103 105 109 124 409 603 608 612 685 特13 夜4 夜10 夜13
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同 22 38 46 68 88 102 105 109 603 608 夜4 夜10
Xidan 西单 1 1 15 22 52 70 83 88 99 102 105 109 603 608 特13 夜1 夜4 夜10
Xuanwumen 宣武门 2 7 9 15 22 44 67 70 83 102 105 109 603 608 673 特2 特4 特7 特13 特14 夜4 夜5 夜10
Caishikou 菜市口 7 5 6 48 57 70 83 102 105 109 381 603 特5 特14 夜7 夜4 夜10 夜18 专13
Taoranting 陶然亭 40 59 83 133 381 特14 夜4 夜18 夜23 专13
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站 ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg Beijing South (北京南站) 20 84 102 106 133 343 381 458 485 529 652 665 特5 特17 夜15 夜17 夜24 Fengtai
Majiapu 马家堡 51 66 72 485 501 529 603 698 特14 夜18 运通125
Jiaomen West 角门西 10 51 72 474 501 529 556 646 698 特14 夜18 运通125 专26
Gongyixiqiao 公益西桥 377 474 511 556 646 825 990 运通125 专26
Xingong 新宫 353 369 474 556 827 829 954 运通115 专59 Fengtai Daxing
Xihongmen 西红门 454 474 483 646 829 993 专23 专169 Daxing
Gaomidian North 高米店北 631
Gaomidian South 高米店南 专24
Zaoyuan 枣园 410 610 631快 829 841 842 937 940 954 968
Qingyuanlu 清源路 410 456 610 631 631快 829 841 940 954 968 969
Huangcunxidajie 黄村西大街 410 456 610 631 631快 829 840 940 947 954 968
Huangcun Railway Station 黄村火车站 366 369 631 631快 827 829 840 947 957 968 969
Yihezhuang 义和庄
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地 827 842
Tiangongyuan 天宫院 827 829 842

Planning and Construction[edit]

Plans for Line 4 date back to the 1950s when Beijing's first subway line was still under construction. It was planned to run from the Summer Palace, east towards Xizhimen, southeast to Zhongshan Park, terminating at the Beijing Stadium, which near today's Tiantandongmen Station.[10] Ultimately, the section between Summer Palace to Xizhimen was built as planned. However, construction only formally started in 2004.[11]

On December 3, 2004 Hong Kong's MTR Corporation, Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd., and Beijing Capital Group Co., Ltd. signed the Beijing Metro Line 4, investment, construction, operation principle of cooperation agreement, making Line 4 the Mainland China's first rail transit line financed using a public-private partnership framework. Subsequently in November 8, 2005 a Joint Venture between the 3 companies was established. The Hong Kong MTRC will invest 735 million RMB to the construction of Line 4 and in return have the right to operate Line 4 for 30 years.[12]

In February 11, 2009 the construction of Line 4 is nearing completion with all tunnels bored.[13] In March 6, four subway trains begin testing while Hong Kong's then Chief Executive, Donald Tsang, visited the project.[14] On September 28, 2009, Beijing Subway Line 4 is officially opened for trial operation. Bringing the number of subway lines in Beijing to 9.[15] On December 30, 2010, the Daxing Line started trial operation, with direct service into Line 4. Creating a 35 station 50 km long line.[16]

Operation[edit]

Unlike the other lines of the Beijing Subway, which are completely state-owned and operated, Line 4 was built and is managed by the Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd., a three-way joint-venture among the Hong Kong MTR Corporation, the Beijing Capital Group ("BCG"), and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. ("BIIC").[17] The Hong Kong MTR, which operates the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, and the state-owned BCG each holds a 49% stake in the venture and the BIIC has 2%.[17] The JV is responsible for 30% of the investment capital to build Line 4, mainly to finance the purchase of electrical and mechanical equipment, while the Beijing Municipal Government provided the remaining 70%, to cover civil engineering, station, and track work costs.[18]

The Beijing government has also awarded the JV a concession to manage Line 4 for 30 years.[18] The PPP JV model was designed to introduce private capital as well as advanced metro management methods to the growing Beijing Subway.[17] Among the most visible differences in management of Line 4 is a ban on food and beverage consumption inside Line 4 trains and stations.[19] No such ban exists for other Beijing subway lines.

Future development[edit]

Planners in Haidian District have proposed extending the line to the north by 8 km with four additional stations.[20] The planned stations have been identified as Baiwangshan (百旺山), Xibeiwang (西北旺), Aerospace City West (航天城西), and Yongfeng (永丰站). The extension remains in the planning stages as there are no plans to build it yet.[21] However according to the June 2010 plans, Line 4’s northern extension will be replaced by the northern extension of Line 16.[18]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 4号线早高峰1分43秒一趟车 (in Chinese). 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-15. 
  2. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  3. ^ 案例1:北京地铁四号线项目 (in Chinese). 北京市发展与改革委员会. 
  4. ^ "白石桥车站渡线地表沉降的数值分析". 杨武子. 《山西建筑》 2007年第33卷第35期. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  5. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁4号线9月28日开通" Sept. 28, 2009
  6. ^ (Chinese) "地铁四号线通过验收" 北京晚报 Sept. 25, 2009
  7. ^ "北京地铁4号线今年年底将与大兴线贯通运营" news.china.com.cn. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  8. ^ "Line 4 timetable" (in Chinese). Beijing Subway. 
  9. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁4号线确定于明年9月试运营 新京报 Aug. 28, 2008
  10. ^ 北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战 (in Chinese). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  11. ^ 北京地铁4号线5车站开工 残疾人有专用电梯 (in Chinese). 2004-08-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  12. ^ 七亿港资注入北京地铁4号线 首创公私合营模式 (in Chinese). 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  13. ^ 北京地铁4号线今日全线贯通 9月开始运营 (in Chinese). 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  14. ^ 北京地铁4号线全线实现电通 装修进展顺利 主打地域特色 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2009-11-27. 
  15. ^ 北京地铁4号线开通试运营 下午3时起载客运营 (in Chinese). 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  16. ^ 大兴线12月30日两点开门迎客 (in Chinese). 京港地铁. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  17. ^ a b c "Hong Kong MTR Corp wins 30-year operation of new Beijing metro line" People's Daily Apr. 15, 2006
  18. ^ a b c "Beijing Metro Line 4" Hong Kong MTR Corporate Site Accessed on Jan. 6, 2009
  19. ^ (Chinese) Chen, Si & Yan, Xinhong, "北京地铁4号线禁吃零食喝饮料 站厅能隔毒气" 法制晚报 June 1, 2009
  20. ^ "北京地铁4号线拟向北延长8公里 增设四座车站" (lit. Beijing Subway is proposed to extend northward for 8 km and 4 new stations,) 中房网
  21. ^ "北京地铁明年有望通香山 西长安街沿线道路扩宽" (lit. Beijing Subway is expected to reach Xiang-shan. Xichangan Street will be widened,) Beijing Morning Post, Jan. 7, 2009

External links[edit]