Line 4, Beijing Subway

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Line 4
四号线
BJS Line 4 icon.svg
魏公村站站台.jpg
Beijing MTR
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Locale Haidian, Xicheng,
Xuanwu & Fengtai
Termini Anheqiao North
Gongyixiqiao
Stations 24
Daily ridership 1,608,600 (2013 peak)[a][1]
1,248,000 (2013 Avg. Line 4 only)[2]
Ridership 351 million (2012 annual)[3]
Operation
Opening September 28, 2009
Operator(s) Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd
Depot(s) Longbeicun, Majiapu
Technical
Line length 28.165 km (17.501 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC, third rail
Route map
Longbeicun Depot 龙背村停车场
Anheqiao North 安河桥北
Qing River 清河
Beigongmen 北宫门
Xiyuan 西苑
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园
Wangquan River 万泉河
East Gate of Peking University 北京大学东门
Zhongguancun 中关村
Haidianhuangzhuang 海淀黄庄(Line 10)
Renmin University 人民大学
Weigongcun 魏公村
Track switch to Line 9[4]
National Library 国家图书馆(Line 9, 2012)
Nanchang River 南长河
 Guogongzhuang 
Beijing Zoo 动物园
Xizhimen 西直门(Line 2, Line 13)
Beijing North(Jingbao Railway, Suburban S2)
Xinjiekou 新街口
Ping'anli 平安里(Line 6)
Xisi 西四
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同
Xidan 西单(Line 1)
Xuanwumen 宣武门(Line 2)
Caishikou 菜市口(Line 7, 2013)
Taoranting 陶然亭
Beijing Moat
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站(Line 14, 2014)
Liangshui River 凉水河
Macao River 马草河
Majiapu 马家堡
Jiaomen West 角门西(Line 10)
Gongyixiqiao 公益西桥
Majiapu Railyard 马家堡车辆段
Daxing Line 大兴段
Shuangfeng Railway
Xingong 新宫
Xihongmen 西红门
Gaomidian North 高米店北
Gaomidian South 高米店南
Zaoyuan 枣园
Qingyuanlu 清源路
Huangcun Xidajie 黄村西大街
Huangcun Railway Station 黄村火车站
Yihezhuang 义和庄
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地
Tiangongyuan 天宫院
Nanzhao Road Railyard 南兆路车辆段
This route map:
Inside the train compartment of Line 4. It shares many design features with MTR trains

Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁四号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is the 9th subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. It entered into operation on September 28, 2009,[5] and runs from north to south, parallel and to the west of Line 5, through Haidian, Xicheng, Xuanwu and Fengtai Districts in the western half of the city. It is 28.2 km long with 24 stations.[6] Riding on this line costs a flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers. Line 4's color is      teal.

Line 4 and Daxing Line operate as a single line although they are classified as separate lines.[7]

Hours of operation[edit]

The first south-bound trains departs from Anheqiao North at 5:00am. The first north-bound train departs from Gongyixiqiao at 5:10am. The last north-bound train leaves Anheqiao North at 10:45pm. The last south-bound train leaves Gongyixiqiao at 11:10pm.[8] Each train completes the entire journey in 48 minutes.

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 4 begins in Anheqiao, just beyond the Summer Palace and heads south past the Old Summer Palace, through the university district and Zhongguancun, Beijing's high-tech silicon village, before turning east at the National Library of China and passing the Beijing Zoo en route to Xizhimen. After entering the 2nd Ring Road at Xizhimen, Line 4 resumes southwards at Xinjiekou and traverses the old city through Xisi, Xidan, Xuanwumen, Caishikou, and Taoranting Park. It passes the city's high-speed rail link at the Beijing South Railway Station before reaching the terminus at Gongyixiqiao. Construction began 2004 but delays have pushed back the opening date by two years to September 28, 2009.[9]

Service routes[edit]

List of Stations[edit]

The following is the list of stations, from north to south (with transfer points* to other lines):

Service
routes
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Transfer
Location
Line
Anheqiao North 安河桥北 Haidian Line 4
Beigongmen 北宫门
Xiyuan 西苑
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园
East Gate of Peking University 北京大学东门
Zhongguancun 中关村
Haidianhuangzhuang 海淀黄庄 10
Renmin University 人民大学
Weigongcun 魏公村
National Library 国家图书馆 9
Beijing Zoo 动物园
Xizhimen 西直门 2 13 China Railways.svg Beijing North Xicheng
Xinjiekou 新街口
Ping'anli 平安里 6
Xisi 西四
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同
Xidan 西单 1
Xuanwumen 宣武门 2
Caishikou 菜市口
Taoranting 陶然亭
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站 ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg Beijing South Fengtai
Majiapu 马家堡
Jiaomen West 角门西 10
Gongyixiqiao 公益西桥
Xingong 新宫 Fengtai Daxing
Xihongmen 西红门 Daxing
Gaomidian North 高米店北
Gaomidian South 高米店南
Zaoyuan 枣园
Qingyuanlu 清源路
Huangcunxidajie 黄村西大街
Huangcun Railway Station 黄村火车站
Yihezhuang 义和庄
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地
Tiangongyuan 天宫院

Planning and Construction[edit]

Plans for Line 4 date back to the 1950s when Beijing's first subway line was still under construction. It was planned to run from the Summer Palace, east towards Xizhimen, southeast to Zhongshan Park, terminating at the Beijing Stadium, which near today's Tiantandongmen Station.[10] Ultimately, the section between Summer Palace to Xizhimen was built as planned. However, construction only formally started in 2004.[11]

On December 3, 2004 Hong Kong's MTR Corporation, Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd., and Beijing Capital Group Co., Ltd. signed the Beijing Metro Line 4, investment, construction, operation principle of cooperation agreement, making Line 4 the Mainland China's first rail transit line financed using a public-private partnership framework. Subsequently in November 8, 2005 a Joint Venture between the 3 companies was established. The Hong Kong MTRC will invest 735 million RMB to the construction of Line 4 and in return have the right to operate Line 4 for 30 years.[12]

In February 11, 2009 the construction of Line 4 is nearing completion with all tunnels bored.[13] In March 6, four subway trains begin testing while Hong Kong's then Chief Executive, Donald Tsang, visited the project.[14] On September 28, 2009, Beijing Subway Line 4 is officially opened for trial operation. Bringing the number of subway lines in Beijing to 9.[15] On December 30, 2010, the Daxing Line started trial operation, with direct service into Line 4. Creating a 35 station 50 km long line.[16]

Operation[edit]

Unlike the other lines of the Beijing Subway, which are completely state-owned and operated, Line 4 was built and is managed by the Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd., a three-way joint-venture among the Hong Kong MTR Corporation, the Beijing Capital Group ("BCG"), and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. ("BIIC").[17] The Hong Kong MTR, which operates the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, and the state-owned BCG each holds a 49% stake in the venture and the BIIC has 2%.[17] The JV is responsible for 30% of the investment capital to build Line 4, mainly to finance the purchase of electrical and mechanical equipment, while the Beijing Municipal Government provided the remaining 70%, to cover civil engineering, station, and track work costs.[18]

The Beijing government has also awarded the JV a concession to manage Line 4 for 30 years.[18] The PPP JV model was designed to introduce private capital as well as advanced metro management methods to the growing Beijing Subway.[17] Among the most visible differences in management of Line 4 is a ban on food and beverage consumption inside Line 4 trains and stations.[19] No such ban exists for other Beijing subway lines.

Future development[edit]

Planners in Haidian District have proposed extending the line to the north by 8 km with four additional stations.[20] The planned stations have been identified as Baiwangshan (百旺山), Xibeiwang (西北旺), Aerospace City West (航天城西), and Yongfeng (永丰站). The extension remains in the planning stages as there are no plans to build it yet.[21] However according to the June 2010 plans, Line 4’s northern extension will be replaced by the northern extension of Line 16.[18]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

a. ^ Daxing Line ridership included.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  2. ^ "4号线早高峰1分43秒一趟车" (in zh-hans). 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-15. 
  3. ^ "案例1:北京地铁四号线项目" (in zh-hans). 北京市发展与改革委员会. 
  4. ^ "白石桥车站渡线地表沉降的数值分析". 杨武子. 《山西建筑》 2007年第33卷第35期. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  5. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁4号线9月28日开通" Sept. 28, 2009
  6. ^ (Chinese) "地铁四号线通过验收" 北京晚报 Sept. 25, 2009
  7. ^ "北京地铁4号线今年年底将与大兴线贯通运营" news.china.com.cn. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  8. ^ "Line 4 timetable" (in Chinese). Beijing Subway. 
  9. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁4号线确定于明年9月试运营 新京报 Aug. 28, 2008
  10. ^ "北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战" (in zh-hans). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  11. ^ "北京地铁4号线5车站开工 残疾人有专用电梯" (in zh-hans). 2004-08-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  12. ^ "七亿港资注入北京地铁4号线 首创公私合营模式" (in zh-hans). 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  13. ^ "北京地铁4号线今日全线贯通 9月开始运营" (in zh-hans). 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  14. ^ "北京地铁4号线全线实现电通 装修进展顺利 主打地域特色" (in zh-hans). Retrieved 2009-11-27. 
  15. ^ "北京地铁4号线开通试运营 下午3时起载客运营" (in zh-hans). 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  16. ^ "大兴线12月30日两点开门迎客" (in zh-hans). 京港地铁. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  17. ^ a b c "Hong Kong MTR Corp wins 30-year operation of new Beijing metro line" People's Daily Apr. 15, 2006
  18. ^ a b c "Beijing Metro Line 4" Hong Kong MTR Corporate Site Accessed on Jan. 6, 2009
  19. ^ (Chinese) Chen, Si & Yan, Xinhong, "北京地铁4号线禁吃零食喝饮料 站厅能隔毒气" 法制晚报 June 1, 2009
  20. ^ "北京地铁4号线拟向北延长8公里 增设四座车站" (lit. Beijing Subway is proposed to extend northward for 8 km and 4 new stations,) 中房网
  21. ^ "北京地铁明年有望通香山 西长安街沿线道路扩宽" (lit. Beijing Subway is expected to reach Xiang-shan. Xichangan Street will be widened,) Beijing Morning Post, Jan. 7, 2009

External links[edit]