Yellow Line (Montreal Metro)

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     Yellow Line / Ligne Jaune
Montreal Metro.svg
Jean Drapeau Station.JPG
Jean-Drapeau station
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Montreal Metro
Locale Montreal, (QC), Canada.
Termini Berri-UQAM Metro station
Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke Metro station
Stations 3
Operation
Opening April 1, 1967 (opened to public April 28, 1967)
Operator(s) Société de transport de Montréal (STM)
Depot(s) None (Berri-UQAM connecting track links line 4 with lines 1 and 2 so that trains can access Angrignon, Beaugrand and Plateau d'Youville garages)
Rolling stock Canadian Vickers MR-63 cars
Technical
Line length 4.25 km (2.64 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification "Third rail", 750 V DC on the guide bars at either side of the track
Operating speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Route map
McGillMtlMetro1.svg
projected future
Berri-UQAM
formerly Berri-de Montigny
MtlMetro1.svg MtlMetro2.svg
to Green & Orange lines
Saint Lawrence River
Jean-Drapeau
formerly Île-Sainte-Hélène
Saint Lawrence River
Le Moyne Channel
Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke
formerly Longueuil
announced extension
Joliette
tentative
name
Vieux-Longueuil
tentative
name
Chambly/Gentilly
tentative
name
Curé-Poirier
tentative
name
Jacques-Cartier
tentative
name

The Yellow Line (French: Ligne jaune), formerly also known as Line 4 (French: Ligne 4), is one of the Montreal Metro's four routes operating in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was popular when it opened for service because it connected Montreal's city centre with the Expo 67 exhibition and La Ronde on Île-Sainte-Hélène. The Yellow Line has three stations, and travels under the St. Lawrence River between the island of Montreal and Longueuil. It was part of the initial network of the Metro, and numbered in conjunction with Line 3, a route that was later cancelled. It is also the first Metro line to leave the island. All three stations on the line have been renamed since their opening.

History[edit]

In November 1961, Montreal City Council decided to build the Metro network. The Yellow Line (Line 4) was not part of the original plans. A year later, however, Montreal’s bid to host the 1967 World's Fair (Expo 67) was accepted. Construction of the Red Line (line 3) was cancelled, and instead the Yellow Line (Line 4) was built to develop the exhibition site on two islands in the St. Lawrence River and to connect the rapidly growing suburb of Longueuil.[1] The opening of the line took place on April 1, 1967. In the first four weeks, the station on Saint Helen's Island served only the construction workers of the Expo site. It finally opened to the public on April 28, 1967, the day after the official opening of Expo 67.

Future extensions[edit]

In June 2008 the City of Montreal proposed a number of service improvements and Metro extensions, including projecting Line 4 from Berri-UQAM to McGill station to ease congestion on that part of the Green Line.[2] In December 2011, an extension to Longueuil was announced.[3]

The Agence métropolitaine de transport published a study, Vision 2020 in December 2011. According to this study, there are plans for the Yellow Line to be extended further into the city Longueuil along Roland-Therrien Boulevard. The six new stations would connect residential areas, shopping centers and several schools.[4][5]

The six proposed stations are at the following intersections:[6]

  1. Saint-Charles/Joliette
  2. Saint-Charles/Saint-Sylvestre
  3. Gentilly/Chambly
  4. Gentilly/Roland-Therrien
  5. Curé-Poirier/Roland-Therrien
  6. Jacques-Cartier/Roland-Therrien

Rolling stock[edit]

From the line's opening in 1967 until 1976, MR-63 cars were used on the Yellow Line. Upon the introduction of the MR-73 cars in 1976, the latter stock displaced the older MR-63 cars. Since 2008, MR-63 cars are once again in use on the Yellow Line; the previous batch of MR-73 cars having been transferred to the Orange Line to increase the number of trains on that line.

List of stations[edit]

Station Opened Odonym Namesake
Berri-UQAM
formerly Berri-de Montigny

CorrespMtl1.png Line 1 - Green
CorrespMtl2.png Line 2 - Orange

October 14, 1966
(Green Line and Orange Line)

April 28, 1967
(Yellow Line)

Berri Street Name given by Migeon de Branssat in 1669; named for Simon Després dit Le Berry
Université du Québec à Montréal
De Montigny Street Testard de Montigny family
Jean-Drapeau
formerly Île Sainte-Hélène
April 28, 1967 Parc Jean-Drapeau Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal
Île Sainte-Hélène Named by Samuel de Champlain for his wife, born Hélène Boullé[citation needed]
Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke
formerly Longueuil
April 28, 1967 City of Longueuil Probably for a town in Normandy
Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil campus John Coape Sherbrooke, former Governor General of British North America

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]