Line 6, Beijing Subway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 6
六号线
BJS Line 6 icon.svg
北京地铁6号线列车图.jpg
An 8-car Line 6 train
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Completed
Termini Haidian Wuluju
Caofang
Stations 21
Daily ridership 735,500 (2014 Peak)[1]
~700,000 (Avg. Weekday)[2]
Operation
Opening 30 December 2012
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Character Underground
Technical
Line length 31.0 km (19.3 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 1500 V Overhead line
Operating speed 100 km/h
Route map
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Haidian Wuluju
Lines 6, 10
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Cishousi
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Huayuanqiao
Lines 6, 9
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Baishiqiao South
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Erligou
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Chegongzhuang West
Lines 2, 6
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Chegongzhuang
Lines 4, 6
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Ping'anli
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Beihai North
Lines 6, 8
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Nanluoguxiang
Lines 5, 6
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Dongsi
Lines 2, 6
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Chaoyangmen
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Dongdaqiao
Lines 6, 10
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Hujialou
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Jintailu
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Shilipu
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Qingnianlu
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Dalianpo
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Huangqu
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Changying
[{{fullurl:{{{1}}}|action=edit}}    ]
Caofang

Line 6 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁6号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě liùhào xiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in central Beijing. The line currently runs parallel to the north of Line 1 and the Batong Line, from Wulu in Haidian to Caofang in Chaoyang District. It is planned that the line will be extended by 2015 in both directions: to Shijingshan to the west, and to Tongzhou to the east. With these extensions, it is expected to be 50.67 km long with 32 stations.

Line 6 uses Beijing Subway's highest capacity rolling stock to date featuring 8-car size B train sets accommodating 1,960 people, compared to the standard 6 cars found on other lines except the Airport Express line which has 4-car train sets.[3] It is also the fastest in the subway system, with trains capable of reaching the speed of 100 km/h compared to 80 km/h on other lines. Stations to the east of the 3rd Ring Road to Tongzhou are more widely spaced, the furthest being 4 km apart. These factors allows passengers to travel the whole line in just 48 minutes. Line 6 also has the deepest station in the network, Dongsi Station, which is 34 meters underground.[4] The line uses 1500V overhead catenary as opposed to 750V third rail used on other lines.[5]

Planning[edit]

Line 6 was originally planned to be an east west line passing under Chaoyang Avenue continuing straight westward. However this alignment will make the central section of Line 6 tunnel extremely close to the Forbidden City. Issues of historic conservation and protection were raised against the proposed alignment. To avoid damaging cultural relics in the area, the entire western and middle section of line 6 was shifted 1.5 km northward to Ping'an Avenue, forming the route of Line 6 today.[6][7] Line 6 started construction on December 8, 2007 as one of the "horizontal" east west lines of the "three-ring, four horizontal and five vertical and seven radial" Beijing Subway masterplan.[8]

Line 6 was originally planned to terminate at Cishousi Station with the Mentougou Low Speed Maglev Line continuing the line westward. However issues of low of capacity and electromagnetic radiation concerns of Maglev technology, the Mentougou Maglev section between Cishousi and Pingguoyuan station was replaced by a new Phase 3 western extension of Line 6.[9] Later the plan was revised with Line 6 being further extended westward beyond Pingguoyuan to Jin'anqiao station, paralleling the Mentougou Maglev Line.[10]

Route and Stations[edit]

Line 6's route drawn to scale.

Construction is planned in three phases, the first phase in central Beijing, followed by extensions into the eastern and western suburbs. Line 6 is projected to have a short term volume of 700,000 passengers per day and a long term daily passenger traffic of 1.4 million passengers. Though due to its alignment through some of Beijing's densest residential neighborhoods and paralleling the overcapacity and busy Line 1, some industry leaders believe that the average daily passenger flow of the line may exceeded 1.4 million sooner than expected.[5] Within the first few months of operation weekday ridership was at 320,000 passengers. However by 2014, daily ridership has risen to 700,000 with sections operating at 100% capacity during rush hour. Authorities responded by adding more trains and shortening headway to reduce crowding.[2]

Phase I[edit]

In Phase I, Line 6 runs 30 km from Wulu in Haidian District to Caoying in Tongzhou District following Linglong Road, Sanlihe Road, Chaoyang North Rd., the west bank of the Grand Canal, and Grand Canal East Road. Of the 20 planned stations, 12 will offer transfer connections to other lines. Construction began in December 2007 and was completed in 2012. Total investment for Phase I was estimated at ¥19.7 billion.[11]

Planned stations from west to east (and transfer stations other lines -- bold denotes lines in operation; italic denotes lines under construction):[11]

Stations[edit]

Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Transfer
Bus Transfer
Location
Haidian Wuluju 海淀五路居 61 73 92 121 334 335 336 355 414 489 505 507 588 603 653 689 698 952 981 982 983 BRT4支(快速公交4支) 夜3 夜13 运通110 运通113 运通114 运通115 运通118 Haidian
Cishousi 慈寿寺 10 27 33 40 61 73 481 489 507 588 613 632 夜3
Huayuanqiao 花园桥 27 61 73 74 77 86 118 300 323 374 437 645 653 658 693 701 944 967 968 特8 夜3 夜30 运通103 运通201
Baishiqiao South 白石桥南 9 27 61 86 92 114 118 653 693 695 701 717 特6 特18 夜3
Erligou 二里沟 Haidian/Xicheng
Chegongzhuang West 车公庄西 15 19 26 45 65 94 107 118 685 693 701 714 特4 特19 夜3 夜14 Xicheng
Chegongzhuang 车公庄 2 19 21 44 50 80 84 107 118 375 387 392 490 606 618 632 685 691 693 694 701 特4 特12 夜3 夜8 夜20 夜21 运通106
Ping'anli 平安里 4 3 13 22 38 42 88 105 107 111 118 409 608 701 特13 夜3 夜4 夜10 夜21
Beihai North 北海北 3 13 42 107 111 118 612 701 夜3 夜10 夜21
Nanluoguxiang 南锣鼓巷 8 3 13 42 60 82 115 118 612 701 夜3 夜21 Dongcheng
Dongsi 东四 5 58 101 106 109 110 116 112 420 684 685 夜10 夜13
Chaoyangmen 朝阳门 2 44 58 75 101 109 110 112 420 650 BRT2(快速公交2) 特2 特12 夜13 夜20 Dongcheng/Chaoyang
Dongdaqiao 东大桥 28 43 75 98 101 109 110 112 118 120 126 350 403 420 433 515 615 650 673 BRT2(快速公交2) 夜6 夜13 夜24 专111 Chaoyang
Hujialou 呼家楼 10 75 113 126 350 402 405 420 421 601 650 671 673 686 707 BRT2(快速公交2) 特8 夜6 夜30 夜34 运通107 专111
Jintailu 金台路 9 30 31 75 117 126 306 419 486 502 619 621 635 640 682 973 976 984 985 988 夜6 夜25 专111
Shilipu 十里堡 75 126 306 486 595 640 675 682 911 991 夜3 夜6 专111
Qingnianlu 青年路 75 126 306 450 468 494 499 553 581 675 682 911 991 夜3 夜6 运通111 运通121
Dalianpo 褡裢坡 306 499 517 675 911
Huangqu 黄渠 306 499 517 583 587 675 911
Changying 常营 306 342 585 586 587 639 675 911
Caofang 草房 342 517 582 585 586 587 675 813 819 824 911 专115

Line 6 in Phase I was originally slated to have elevated tracks for 7 km, east of the 5th Ring Road, from Dingfuzhuang and Changying. After residents along the route raised concerns about train noise, planners reconsidered and ultimately decided to keep all of Phase I under ground.[12][13][14]

Phase II (eastern extension)[edit]

In Phase II, Line 6 will be extended further east by about 12 km through 7 stations from Caofang to Dongxiaoying in the Tongzhou New City. It is planned to have express and local services using passing tracks at select stations.[15] Planned stations, from west to east:

Like Phase I, Phase II track will be entirely underground.

Phase III (western extension)[edit]

In 2011, city planning authorities proposed to detach from the planned Line S1 of the Beijing Suburban Railway (Mentougou Line) and add to Line 6 as a western extension, an 8.9-km section with five stations from Pingguoyuan to Tiancun.[16][17] The revision, made in response to public concerns about electromagnetic radiation from maglev trains on Line S1 and to expand Pingguoyuan into mass transit hub, was formalized and submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission for review in March 2012.[17]

The planned stations, from west to east, are:

Three of the five stations will be below ground and the other two stations will be elevated above ground.[17]

History[edit]

  • As of October 2007, Line 6 was planned to feature both express and local stations, but those plans have not been incorporated into the construction of Phase I.[18]
  • On March 22, 2010, the tunneling work on Line 6 commenced near Shilipu in Chaoyang District.[19]
  • As of November 2010, plans for Phase II contained distinct express and local stations.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  2. ^ a b "晚高峰加小圈车 地铁6号线满载率降12%". 首都之窗. 2014-08-22. Retrieved 2014-09-14. 
  3. ^ (Chinese) "4条地铁线将装屏蔽门" 法制晚报 January 20, 2010
  4. ^ <New Beijing subway to ease traffic congestion, Wu Wenjie, deputy director of China Railway Tunnel Group, China Daily. Reporter ZHENG Xin.[1] 2012-11-26.
  5. ^ a b (Chinese) "四条地铁新线12月28日同步开通(图)" 2012-08-31
  6. ^ 中国中央电视台. 《超级工程》第三集《北京地铁网络》. Event occurs at 07:20. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  7. ^ "2012年九月份科普论坛报告会". Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  8. ^ "北京5条新地铁12月8日同时开工建设". 2007-12-08. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  9. ^ "8号线3期6号线西延将开工 2015年总里程666公里". 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  10. ^ "北京地铁6号线西延工程变更公示". 中国铁道科学研究院. 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  11. ^ a b (Chinese) Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd. Line 6 Plan, BII Accessed on September 6, 2008
  12. ^ 北京地铁6号线可能噪音扰民 有望改走地下 ->(行业动态)->行业动态->筑龙网
  13. ^ 北京市规划委员会关于北京地铁6号线高架线的复函 - 房产 - 青传媒
  14. ^ "北京市规划委回复人民热线:地铁6号线一期工程均为地下线" 人民网 October 13, 2008
  15. ^ http://society.people.com.cn/n/2013/1113/c1008-23531866.html
  16. ^ (Chinese)北京地铁6号线西延段放弃采用磁悬浮形式 July 2, 2011
  17. ^ a b c (Chinese)"地铁6号线将西延至杨庄东街" 2012-03-23
  18. ^ 北京地铁6号线方案获批复 将尝试大站快车(图)_TOM新闻
  19. ^ (Chinese) 6号线一期开始“挖地道” March 23, 2010
  20. ^ (Chinese) 2010-11-18

External links[edit]