Line 8, Beijing Subway

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Line 8
八号线
BJS Line 8 icon.svg
朱辛庄站北京地铁8号线列车1.jpg
Line 8 train at Zhuxinzhuang
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Huilongguan Dongdajie
Gulou Dajie
Stations 19 (17 in operation)
Daily ridership 205,000 (March 2013)[1]
Operation
Opening July 19, 2008
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Character Underground
Technical
Line length 26.6 km (16.5 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750V DC Third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Lines Changping Line, 8
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Zhuxinzhuang
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Yuzhilu
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Pingxifu
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Huilongguan Dongdajie
Lines 8, 13
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Huoying
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Yuxin
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Xixiaokou
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Yongtaizhuang
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Lincuiqiao
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South Gate of Forest Park
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Olympic Green
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Olympic Sports Center
Lines 8, 10
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Beitucheng
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Anhuaqiao
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Andelibeijie
Lines 2, 8
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Gulou Dajie
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Shichahai
Lines 6, 8
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Nanluoguxiang

Line 8 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁8号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě bāhàoxiàn), formerly known as the Olympic Branch Line (奥运支线), is a rapid transit line in northern Beijing. The line currently has 17 stations in operation and runs 26.6 km (16.5 mi) from Zhuxinzhuang in Changping District to Nanluoguxiang in Dongcheng Districts. Line 8's color is      green.

Line 8 sits on the central north-south axis of the city of Beijing, which is aligned through the Drum Tower, the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, and Yongdingmen. Line 8 opened on July 19, 2008 as the Olympic Branch Line to serve the Olympic Green, located due north of the city centre, during the 2008 Summer Olympics. The line had only four stations and 4.53 km (2.81 mi) of track. Line 8 was extended by six stations to the north in 2011, by two stations to the south in 2012, and by more three stations to the north and two more to the south on December 28, 2013.

The line is still being expanded along the central axis to the south. Line 8 will veer to the east of the central axis to avoid passing under the Forbidden City and Tian'anmen Square, before returning to the central axis alignment at the Qianmen Station. By 2017, Line 8 is expected to reach Wufutang in the southern suburbs of Fengtai District and have a total length of 46 km (29 mi).

Fare[edit]

Flat fare of RMB(¥) 2.00 with unlimited transfers.

Hours of Operation[edit]

The first south-bound train departs from Zhuxinzhuang at 5:10am. The first north-bound train departs from Nanluoguxiang at 5:30am. The last south-bound train leaves Zhuxinzhuang at 10:05pm. The last north-bound train leaves Nanluoguxiang at 11:00pm.[2]

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 8 begins at Zhuxinzhuang on the Changping Line and heads east to Huilongguan and then south through the Line 13 arc at Huoying to the Olympic Forest Park. After two stops in the Olympic Green, Line 8 enters the Line 10 loop at Beitucheng and then the Line 2 loop at Gulou Dajie before reaching Nanluoguxiang on Line 6. The Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations are not yet open to the public.

Apart from the Zhuxinzhuang Station and an 1.7 km (1.1 mi) section of elevated track leading therefrom, the entire line runs underground.

Stations[edit]

Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Transfer
Bus Transfer
Location
Zhuxinzhuang 朱辛庄 Changping 463 560 专49 专50 Changping
Yuzhilu 育知路 463 560 专80
Pingxifu 平西府 428 443 460 461 753
Huilongguan Dongdajie 回龙观东大街 371 441 443 462 478 558 607 636 681 996 专21 专42 专101
Huoying 霍营 13 371 462 478 551 558 607 681 专21 专42 专104
Yuxin 育新 315 355 371 379 393 398 432 462 478 592 606 607 609 614 693 运通117 运通119 专89 专104 Haidian
Xixiaokou 西小口 专89
Yongtaizhuang 永泰庄 81 305 476 490 专43 专89
Lincuiqiao 林萃桥 81 510 专44 Chaoyang
South Gate of Forest Park 森林公园南门
Olympic Green 奥林匹克公园 311 328 379 484 594 617 751 913 运通110 专40
Olympic Sports Center 奥体中心 407 607
Beitucheng 北土城 10 5 21 81 82 84 92 113 380 407 409 515 607 620 653 694 特2 夜6 夜9
Anhuaqiao 安华桥 5 21 82 113 300 300快 302 361 367 380 387 407 409 601 607 641 671 847 848 特2 特8 夜6 夜30 运通101 运通104 运通201 Chaoyang /
Xicheng
[note 1]
Andelibeijie 安德里北街 Dongcheng
Gulou Dajie 鼓楼大街 2 27 44 60 82 380 409 625 909 特12 夜20 夜36 Dongcheng /
Xicheng
[note 2]
Shichahai 什刹海 5 60 82 107 124 635 夜2 夜10 Dongcheng
Nanluoguxiang 南锣鼓巷 6 3 13 42 60 82 115 118 612 701 夜3 夜21
National Art Museum 中国美术馆

History[edit]

Line 8 has been planned and built in several phases.

forest motif inside the station
Olympic Green Station platform
Beitucheng Station platform

Phase I (Olympic Branch Line)[edit]

Line 8 was planned as the subway line that follows Beijing's central north-south axis.[3][4] The first section of Line 8 to be built was the four-station segment from Beitucheng to South Gate of Forest Park, 4.35 km (2.70 mi) in length, that serves the Olympic Green. This section was included in Beijing's bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics, which was awarded to the city in 2001. Originally, Beijing's subway planners also considered building a subway extension line off of Line 13 or Line 5 to serve the Olympic Green but ultimately chose to build Line 8 as a branch off of Line 10.[5] Construction began in 2004.[6] With other Olympic venues also under construction, Phase I of Line 8 was built using the cut-and-cover method to reduce the difficulty of construction.[7] The Olympic Branch Line, as Line 8 Phase I was known, entered into operation together with Line 10 on July 19, 2008. Access was originally restricted to riders with an Olympic Register Card or a ticket to an event at the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games on the day of the event. In early October 2008, the line was fully opened to the public.

Phase II[edit]

On December 8, 2007, while Phase I of Line 8 was still under construction, work began on Phase II to extend Line 8 in both directions along the city's north-south central axis.[8] In Phase II was estimated to cost ¥10.1 billion and was scheduled to be completed by 2012.[9][10]

Northern extension to Huilongguan[edit]

The northern extension to Huilongguan, 10.7 km (6.6 mi) in length with six stations, extended the Olympic Branch Line north from the South Gate of Forest Park to Huilongguan in Changping District beyond the Line 13 arc. Land clearing for Phase II began in December 2007.[9][11] Tunnel boring machines began work on October 16, 2009.[12] In the fall of 2011, the entire Line 8 shut down and the entire line including the Phase II northern extension reopened on December 31, 2011.[12][13]

The Lincuiqiao Station, just west of the Olympic Forest Park, was originally planned as an emergency stop, but was added at the behest of nearby residents and their municipal people's congress representative, Tian Yuan, who argued that the 5.1 km (3.2 mi) gap between the Forest Park and Yongtai Stations made subway access inconvenient for residents along Lincui Road.[14] Lincuiqiao was officially added as a station to Phase II plans in December 2008.

Southern extension to Gulou Dajie[edit]

The southern extension to Gulou Dajie, 3.28 km (2.04 mi) in length, opened on December 30, 2012 along with the Anhuaqiao and Gulou Dajie Stations. Travel time from Huilongguan to the Second Ring Road was reduced by a half hour.[15] Daily ridership reached 203,000 in March 2013.[1]

Sections opened at the end of 2013[edit]

On December 28, 2013, Line 8 reached 26.614 km (16.537 mi) in length with the opening of the Changping-Line 8 Connector and the southern extension to Nanluoguxiang.[16][17]

Southern extension to Nanluoguxiang[edit]

South of Gulou Dajie, Line 8 was extended a further 3.2 km (2.0 mi) through Shichahai to the National Art Museum on December 28, 2013.[18] Since the Art Museum station remains closed, the penultimate stop in the south, Nanluoguxiang on Line 6, became the southern terminus of Line 8.

Changping-Line 8 Connector[edit]

Line 8 train at the Zhuxinzhuang Station

The Changping-Line 8 Connector, also known as the Changba Connector Line (昌八联络线) or Changba Connector, is a 6.3-kilometre-long (3.9 mi) extension of Line 8 from Zhuxinzhuang to Huilongguan Dongdajie on the Changping Line.[16] The Changba Connector contains two stations, Pingxifu and Yuzhi Lu, and forms the northern-most section of Line 8.[16] The Changba Connector was designed to alleviate passenger traffic on Line 13 by allowing Changping Line riders heading to destinations in eastern Beijing to switch to Line 8 at Zhuxingzhuang instead of transferring to Line 13 at Xi'erqi. The connector was built from April 2011 to September 2013 and entered operation at the end of 2013.[16][17]

Future expansion[edit]

Phase III[edit]

Entrances to the National Art Museum Station under construction in 2014

In Phase III, Line 8 will be extended further south from the National Art Museum Station through Qianmen and Yongdingmen to beyond the southern 4th Ring Road. Planning began in 2009.[19] As of June 2011, plans of Line 8 in Phase III showed 14 stations over 17.3 km.[20] Phase III was scheduled to be built by 2015[20] but the commencement of construction was not set to begin until October 2013.[21] As of October 2013, Phase III of Line 8 is expected to open in two sections.[21] In 2016, the southern-most section of Phase III from Zhushikou to Wufutang is expected open first, followed by the section from Wangfujing North to Zhushikou in 2017. In all, Line 8 is expected to have a total length of 46 km (29 mi).[21]

Rolling Stock[edit]

During the Olympics Line 8 borrowed Line 10's trains; after the opening of the first sections of Phase II new trains dedicated to Line 8 where manufactured by CSR Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.[22]

Inside a Line 8 train
Line 8 train


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Anhuaqiao Station straddles the border between Chaoyang and Xicheng Districts.
  2. ^ The Gulou Dajie Station straddles the border between Dongcheng and Xicheng Districts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "北京地铁周末"三线齐发" 机场线票价尚未公布". 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  4. ^ "穿越时代与历史轴线 北京地铁八号线兼顾生活与休闲". 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  5. ^ (Chinese) "北京奥运场馆明年七月动工 会徽已有满意方案" 2002-12-30
  6. ^ (Chinese) "北京市3条在建地铁今年完成投资40亿元" 2004-12-16
  7. ^ "地铁10号线一期和奥运支线线路示意图". 北京市交通委员会. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  8. ^ (Chinese) "北京5条地铁新线同时开工 总里程近140公里" 2007-12-10
  9. ^ a b Line 8 Phase II Information Page at the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. Ltd.
  10. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁10号线和8号线将于2012年通车 北京晨报 Oct. 8, 2008
  11. ^ The Changping District government commenced land clearing for Line 8's extension in December 2007. (Chinese)北京地铁8号线昌平站点启动拆迁_新浪房产_新浪网 Jan. 30, 2008
  12. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁8号线开始盾构施工 Xinhua Oct. 17, 2009
  13. ^ Xu Wei, "Beijing launches three new subway sections" China Daily 2012-01-01
  14. ^ (Chinese) Hailiang Wang and Nan Yin, "北京地铁8号线规划增设林萃桥南站" 北京晨报 Dec. 29, 2008
  15. ^ (Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12.
  16. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 运行时间10分钟, 北京青年报 2013-10-08
  17. ^ a b (Chinese) "京地铁8号线南北新线周六开通 中国美术馆站暂缓开通" <北京晚报> 2013-12-25
  18. ^ <(Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12"
  19. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁8号线二期将南延至大兴区" 新京报 May 27, 2009
  20. ^ a b (Chinese) 王祎 "北京地铁八号线三期 初步规划14站" 《法制晚报》 2011-06-15
  21. ^ a b c (Chinese) 北京地铁8号线三期本月开工 预计2017年建成, 北京青年报 2013-10-04
  22. ^ 北京三条地铁新线今日14时开通 北京西站通地铁

External links[edit]