Line of succession to the former Italian throne
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The Italian monarchy was abolished in June 1946 following a referendum which established a republic. The present pretender is in dispute between Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples and Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta.
The Prince of Naples
Vittorio Emanuele is the son of the last King Umberto II and was regarded as the head of the House of Savoy unopposed until 7 July 2006 when the Duke of Aosta declared himself to be the head of the house and Duke of Savoy. The line of succession to Vittorio Emanuele is:
- HRH The Prince of Venice and Piedmont (born 1972)
- HRH The Duke of Aosta (born 1943)
- HRH The Duke of Apulia (born 1967)
- HRH Prince Umberto of Savoy-Aosta (born 2009)
- HRH Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta (born 2011)
The Duke of Aosta
The Duke of Aosta claims that because Vittorio Emanuele married in violation of Savoy dynastic law he lost his dynastic rights. The President of the Council of the Senators of the Kingdom Aldo Alessandro Mola published a declaration in favour of Amedeo's claim; and he also received the support of Vittorio Emanuele's sister Princess Maria Gabriella of Savoy. The line of succession to Amedeo, Duke of Aosta is:
- HRH The Duke of Apulia (born 1967)
- HRH The Prince of Piedmont (born 2009)
- HRH The Duke of Abruzzi (born 2011)
Line of succession in June 1946
- Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples
- Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta
- Prince Amedeo, Duke of Apulia
- Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin
- Prince Ferdinando, Duke of Genoa
- Prince Filiberto, Duke of Pistoia
- Prince Adalberto, Duke of Bergamo
- Prince Eugenio, Duke of Ancona
On 21 May 2004 blows were struck in Madrid between the Crown Prince and the Duke of Aosta. At a soirée held at the Zarzuela Palace during the wedding celebrations of the Prince of Asturias, Amedeo approached Vittorio who reportedly punched him twice in the face, causing him to stumble backward down the steps. The quick intervention of the former Queen of the Hellenes, who propped him up, prevented the Duke from falling to the ground. She discreetly assisted him indoors while staunching his bleeding face until first aid was administered. Upon learning of the incident, the King of Spain, a cousin of both men, reportedly declared that "never again" would an opportunity to abuse his hospitality be afforded the competing pretenders. The Queen's quick action avoided what might have been more serious injury to Amedeo and a public escalation of the confrontation.
In response to the Duke of Aosta's attempt in 2006 to assume the headship of the house, and his, and his sons assumption of the name "di Savoia" and the arms of the Royal House of Savoy and that of the Prince of Piedmont, the Prince of Naples and his son filed a lawsuit against the Aosta branch. The lawsuit was successful with the court of Arezzo ruling in February 2010 that the Duke of Aosta and his son must pay damages totalling 50,000 euros to their cousins and cease their use of the arms of the Royal House and those of the Prince of Piedmont. They were also forbidden to use the name "di Savoia", instead they must resume the name "di Savoia-Aosta". The Duke of Aosta is appealing the ruling.
- Unione Monarchica Italian - Nascita Reale
- McIntosh, David (2005 12). "The Sad Demise of the House of Savoy". European Royal History Journal (Arturo E. Beeche) 8.6 (XLVIII): 3–6.
- Right royal punch-up at Spanish prince's wedding
- "LE LL.AA.RR. I PRINCIPI VITTORIO EMANUELE ED EMANUELE FILIBERTO DI SAVOIA VINCONO LA CAUSA CONTRO AMEDEO D'AOSTA". Royal House of Savoy. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- "Savoia sì o no? Giurista 'boccia' sentenza che vieta il cognome ad Amedeo". Tuttosport. Retrieved 13 April 2011.