Line segment intersection
Simple algorithms examine each pair of segments.
If a large number of possibly intersecting segments are to be checked, this becomes increasingly inefficient since most pairs of segments are not close to one another in a typical input sequence. The most common, more efficient way to solve this problem for a high number of segments is to use a sweep line algorithm, where we imagine a line sliding across the line segments and we track which line segments it intersects at each point in time using a dynamic data structure based on binary search trees. The Shamos–Hoey algorithm applies this principle to solve the line segment intersection detection problem, as stated above, of determining whether or not a set of line segments has an intersection; the Bentley–Ottmann algorithm works by the same principle to list all intersections in logarithmic time per intersection.
- Mark de Berg, Marc van Kreveld, Mark Overmars, and Otfried Schwarzkopf (2000). Computational Geometry (2nd edition ed.). Springer. ISBN 3-540-65620-0. Chapter 2: Line Segment Intersection, pp. 19–44.
- Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, and Clifford Stein. Introduction to Algorithms, Second Edition. MIT Press and McGraw-Hill, 1990. ISBN 0-262-03293-7. Section 33.2: Determining whether any pair of segments intersects, pp. 934–947.
- J. L. Bentley and T. Ottmann., Algorithms for reporting and counting geometric intersections, IEEE Trans. Comput. C28 (1979), 643–647.
- Intersections of Lines and Planes Algorithms and sample code by Dan Sunday
- Robert Pless. Lecture 4 notes. Washington University in St. Louis, CS 506: Computational Geometry.
- Line segment intersection in CGAL, the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library
- "Line Segment Intersection" lecture notes by Jeff Erickson.
- Line-Line Intersection Method With C Code Sample Darel Rex Finley
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