|Clay County and the state of Alabama|
|• Total||9 sq mi (23.3 km2)|
|• Land||9 sq mi (23.2 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,056 ft (322 m)|
|• Density||266.8/sq mi (103/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0159953|
Native Americans were the first to inhabit the area now known as Lineville. The Creek Indian War of 1813, however, resulted in their removal. The first white settlers in the area were William and Thomas Lundie. Their settlement became known as Lundie's Cross Roads after a trading post opened in the 1830s to serve pioneers and miners searching for gold. In 1856, Lundie's Cross Roads became known as County Line, probably for the Baptist Church, founded in 1848 and located on what was then the boundary line between Talladega and Randolph County. Also in 1856, a post office was established in County Line, schools were consolidated and corn and cotton became cash crops.
The Civil War saw some 56 area men interred in the Old Lineville Cemetery. By the end of the war, Confederate money had become useless and the area suffered hardships. Clay County formed in 1866. The town's name was officially changed to Lineville in 1870 when it became the temporary seat of government for Clay County.
The press came to Lineville in 1884. In 1898, Lineville was incorporated, graphite mining became a major industry and National Bank began operating there. A secondary college opened in Lineville in 1891 with H.J. Willingham, president and first appointed mayor. In 1907 the first railroad began operating in Lineville; the timber and lumber industry expanded; and mandated high schools opened. Lineville received water and electricity in 1917. The Lineville water tank is listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
Lineville College 1896
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
Board of Trustees
- W.D. Haynes
- W.H. Blake
- W.B. Smith
- J.A. Bell
- William Smith
- School of Mathematics: H.J. Willingham
- School of Natural and Physical Sciences: Prof. Samuel Aughey
- School of Latin &Greek J.F. Willingham
- School of Modern Languages: H.J. & J.F. Willingham
- School of English: H.J. & J.F. Willingham & Miss May Willingham
- Intermediate Studies: H.J. Willingham & Miss May Willingham
- Preparatory Department: Mrs. Annie Waits
- School of Vocal and Instrumental Music: Miss Claudia Evans
- School of Art & Physical Culture and Elocution: Miss Eloise Montgomery
College General Statement:
Lineville is situated in the eastern part of Clay County, Alabama. The town and surrounding country are elevated and healthful. Lineville is free from those temptations which arise from saloons, gambling dens], and other places of ill-repute. Church privileges are good. The people are refined and religious. Patrons may feel assured that their children here are not subjected to those temptations which pupils so often meet while attending school in large towns and cities. For strict morality, temperance and good citizenship, Lineville is admitted by those who ought to know to be unsurpassed in the State of Alabama. We confidently claim that no school in this section of the country offers advantages superior to those afforded by this old, reliable school. We refer to any and all of our patrons as to the efficiency and thoroughness of the instruction given. We believe that whatever is worth doing is worth doing well. We have no royal road to education; no lightning express train to haul passengers of every degree to Diploma Station for his life’s work. If the foundation is imperfectly laid, the superstructure can not stand long. Our motto is “Education rather than graduation.” Students who prize the latter more that [sic?] the former may be accommodated elsewhere. We have no method of making teachers of any and every student until they learn something to teach. We do honest, thorough work and guarantee satisfaction in the case of every pupil. Indolent, incorrigible students are not wanted in this school. We want to give value received for all money paid to us for tuition. Pupils who desire to attend school because they have nothing else to do, or who do so with the idea they will not have an abundance of work to do, need not enter this school. We want only pupils who desire to learn and are willing to study. To such, every possible chance is given, and no effort on the part of the teachers will be spared to advance such pupils.
In entering upon the fourth year under the present management we extend to our patrons a hearty thanks for their support without which we could not have attained such phenomenal success. A united pull on the part of the local citizenship is all that is required to keep Lineville College as it deserves to be - the leader in Clay County schools.
The universities and colleges of the country are now just fully awakening to the fact that no good reason exists for stubbornly maintaining the old idea of separate schools for young men and young ladies. While their minds and intellects are admittedly on an equal, it is a patent fact that their association in the class room can be wholesome in its effect upon both. No unnecessary communication between sexes allowed during session.
- Lineville College brochure 1896
In 1917, the old Springhill Black School was replaced with a new building named Clay County Training School. In 1929, during The Great Depression, Lineville families lost farms and many businesses failed. A new factory began operation in Lineville in 1946 and in 1949, a new hospital was built there.
Lineville is located at 33°18'45.122" North, 85°45'9.274" West (33.312534, -85.752576).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23 km2), of which, 9.0 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.55%) is water.
Alabama's highest point, Mount Cheaha, is located several miles north of Lineville on Alabama Highway 49.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,401 people, 1,004 households, and 665 families residing in the city. The population density was 267.7 people per square mile (103.3/km²). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 122.1 per square mile (47.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.22% White, 37.78% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 2.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,004 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,468, and the median income for a family was $31,326. Males had a median income of $24,620 versus $18,024 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,568. About 18.7% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.4% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
- NASA Astronaut Joe F. Edwards, Jr. grew up in Lineville before attending the U.S. Naval Academy.
- Byron Lavoy Cockrell (1935–2007) was a rocket scientist and engineer.
- Sara Crews Finley (1930-2013) was a pioneering medical geneticist
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