Lineville City Library
Location in Clay County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2)|
|• Land||9.0 sq mi (23.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,056 ft (322 m)|
|• Density||268/sq mi (103.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0159953|
Native Americans were the first to inhabit the area now known as Lineville. The Creek Indian War of 1813, however, resulted in their removal. The first white settlers in the area were William and Thomas Lundie. Their settlement became known as Lundie's Cross Roads after a trading post opened in the 1830s to serve pioneers and miners searching for gold. In 1856, Lundie's Cross Roads became known as County Line, probably for the Baptist Church, founded in 1848 and located on what was then the boundary line between Talladega and Randolph counties. Also in 1856, a post office was established in County Line, schools were consolidated and corn and cotton became cash crops.
The Civil War saw some 56 area men interred in the Old Lineville Cemetery. By the end of the war, Confederate money had become useless and the area suffered hardships. Clay County formed in 1866. The town's name was officially changed to Lineville in 1870 when it became the temporary seat of government for Clay County.
The press came to Lineville in 1884. In 1898, Lineville was incorporated, graphite mining became a major industry and National Bank began operating there. A secondary college opened in Lineville in 1891 with H.J. Willingham, president and first appointed mayor. In 1907 the first railroad began operating in Lineville; the timber and lumber industry expanded; and mandated high schools opened. Lineville received water and electricity in 1917. The Lineville water tank is listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
Lineville is located northeast of the center of Clay County at 33°18'45.122" North, 85°45'9.274" West (33.312534, -85.752576).
Alabama's highest point, Mount Cheaha, is located 18 miles (29 km) north of Lineville on Alabama Highway 49.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,401 people, 1,004 households, and 665 families residing in the city. The population density was 267.7 people per square mile (103.3/km²). There were 1,095 housing units at an average density of 122.1 per square mile (47.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.22% White, 37.78% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 2.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,004 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,468, and the median income for a family was $31,326. Males had a median income of $24,620 versus $18,024 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,568. About 18.7% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.4% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
In 1917, the old Springhill Black School was replaced with a new building named Clay County Training School. In 1929, during the Great Depression, Lineville families lost farms and many businesses failed. A new factory began operation in Lineville in 1946 and in 1949, a new hospital was built there.
- Robert Daniel Carmichael, mathematician for whom Carmichael numbers are named, attended Lineville College
- Byron Lavoy Cockrell, rocket scientist and engineer
- Joe F. Edwards, Jr., astronaut
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lineville city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- Small Town Historic Markers, Alabama Tourism Department, retrieved 2011-02-02[dead link]
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Harry Thurston Pech; Selim Hobart Peabody; Charles Francis Richardson (1900). The International Cyclopædia: A Compendium of Human Knowledge. Revised with Large Additions. Dodd, Mead. p. 815.
- Alabama (1891). Alabama Laws and Joint Resolutions of the Legislature of Alabama. J. Boardman. p. 712.
- United States. Office of Education (1903). Annual report. U.S. Govt. Print. Off. p. 1347.
- Thomas Koshy (8 May 2007). Elementary Number Theory with Applications. Academic Press. p. 339. ISBN 978-0-08-054709-1.
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