Lingen, Herefordshire

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Lingen
Lingen is located in Herefordshire
Lingen
Lingen
 Lingen shown within Herefordshire
Population 164 [1] (2001)
OS grid reference SO365670
Unitary authority Herefordshire
Ceremonial county Herefordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUCKNELL
Postcode district SY7
Dialling code 01544
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament North Herefordshire
List of places
UK
England
Herefordshire

Coordinates: 52°17′53″N 2°55′53″W / 52.2980°N 2.9315°W / 52.2980; -2.9315

Lingen is a village and civil parish, situated in the wooded hills of Herefordshire, England in the Welsh Marches near to the border with Wales and close to the larger village of Wigmore. Situated in the north-west corner of the county, Lingen parish includes the hamlets of Deerfold, Limebrook, Birtley and Willey. It lies on the Limebrook which runs into the River Lugg south of the village. It lies at a height of between 145 and 283 metres above sea level.

The village today has a public house — the Royal George[2] — and a sub-post office.[3]

History[edit]

Pre-history[edit]

The village lies at the southern edge of the ancient ice sheet and was sandwiched between two large post-glacial lakes; one centred on Presteigne, the other known to geologists as Wigmore Glacial Lake.[4]

Geologically, the region is based entirely on Silurian beds, namely the marine Silurian and sizeable outcrops of Downtonian.[5]

Early history[edit]

Lingen Castle

Occupied since at least the Middle Ages; there is evidence of medieval strip lynchets on a hillside near the village.[6] It is mentioned in the Domesday Book.[7] The village is close to the substantial Mortimer castle at Wigmore and there is evidence of an early motte and bailey castle in the village. It has not been excavated but the former presence of a stone keep has been suggested, as well as a 12th-century gate-house, with a curtain wall around the bailey.[8]

The village website suggests a Celtic origin for the name of the village: place of sparkling water. Ling is Old English for heather and may be an alternative toponymological derivation. The Institute for Name Studies speculates that the name was originally that of a river.[9]

The manorial lordship was held by the Lingen family until the 17th century.

Limebrook Priory[edit]

Located just south of the village centre a nunnery was founded before the reign of Richard I, either by Ralph de Lingen or one of the Mortimers. There is some confusion as to the order to which it belonged, but in the time of Bishop Booth, 1516–35, it was tenanted by Augustinian nuns and subsisted until the dissolution of the monasteries. Remains now consist of a single ruined building.[10][11]

Victorian[edit]

In 1868 the village was described thus:

[12]

St Michael & All Angels Church[edit]

Built of stone,[13] the church dates back to the 13th century when the original was built. The current building was substantially repaired in the 19th century and the bell tower turret has attractive wooden shingles. It was re-dedicated on 22 April 1891 by the Bishop of Hereford.[14]

Methodist Chapel[edit]

The chapel opened on 26 June 1877 and remains open to this day.

Population[edit]

As the censuses reveal, the village population has been remarkably stable.[15] Presumably there was a charabanc trip on the night of the 1901 census but the population decline probably reflects the agrarian recession of the time when agricultural workers left the land for better paid jobs in the boom industries of the time - coal mining, quarrying and iron in Shropshire or further afield to South Wales.

Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 247 244 284 298 285 296 287 272 293 88 276 263 255 215
Population figures for Lingen, Herefordshire

Famous associations[edit]

  • Albert Lee, born 21 December 1943 and one of the world's greatest guitarists, was born in Lingen.
Albert Lee

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Lingen, Herefordshire at Wikimedia Commons