Lingfield, Surrey

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Coordinates: 51°10′30″N 0°01′02″W / 51.175°N 0.0171°W / 51.175; -0.0171

Lingfield
St.Peter and St.Paul, Lingfield - geograph.org.uk - 1741024.jpg
Grade I listed Church of SS Peter and Paul
Oast House at Lullenden Manor, Hollow Lane, Lingfield, Surrey - geograph.org.uk - 1140336.jpg
Example of Tudor period architecture in Lingfield
Lingfield is located in Surrey
Lingfield
Lingfield
 Lingfield shown within Surrey
Area  8.76 km2 (3.38 sq mi)
Population 4,467 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  510 /km2 (1,300 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ395385
    - London  23.4 miles (37.7 km) 
Civil parish Lingfield
District Tandridge
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LINGFIELD
Postcode district RH7
Dialling code 01342
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament East Surrey
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Lingfield is a village, civil parish and post town in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England. Lingfield Park is home to horse racing across a large catchment from Folkestone to Epsom. Lingfield is centred 23.4 miles (37.7 km) south of London and lies to the east of the A22 where it runs between Godstone and East Grinstead. The village has a medieval church that is Grade I listed, timber-frame architecture from the Tudor period and century before and a punishment cage, last used in 1882 to hold a poacher, made in 1773.

History[edit]

The village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Tandridge hundred.

Lingfield was not listed in the Domesday Book of 1086,[2] but is shown on the map as Leangafeld, its spelling in 871AD.[3]

Landmarks[edit]

Parish Church

The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul was rebuilt in 1431, although the original 14th century tower remains. Its collection of brasses and monuments are amongst the finest in England, including the impressive tomb of Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham.[4] There had been a church on the site for some centuries before the 14th century building.[5] Listed at Grade I, the highest category of architectural listing, the church is among a low percentage to have this status in the country.[6]

Cage and adjoining St Peter's Cross

The area around the church has been designated a conservation area and includes many well-preserved buildings from the 16th to 18th centuries.[7] In the main street, there is a cross and village cage. The cage, last used in 1882 to hold a poacher, was built in 1773.[8]

Old Town Hall/Cottage

Old Town Hall and Old Town Cottage form one Grade II* listed building[9]

Library, Secular College, Magnus Deo, The Old House and The Garth

The library is housed in the Old Guest House of the College for Secular Chaplains built in 1431 which adjoins and is at Grade II*.[10] This hall-house is all that remains of the original College. Architecturally this building has Grade II* status, so too does the nearby building Magnus Deo.[11][12] Unusually for an English village, two other buildings are at Grade II* within the village centre, The Old House (pre-Tudor period)[13] and The Garth (pre-Tudor period).[14]

Pollard Cottage/Pollard House

One secular building in Lingfield has the architectural accolade of a Grade I listing: Pollard Cottage/Pollard House, a pre Tudor period hall house which is timber-framed and part whitewashed. To the right is Kentish bracing; to the centre flying braces across centre first floor and forming the lower part of the roof coved eaves. Dragon posts and dragon beams, alongside irregular leaded windows add to the well-surviving display of medieval architecture.[15]

Church House/Star Inn Cottages

This narrow terrace of Grade II* listed cottages is at the end of the narrow central street leading to the church though excluding the end-of-terrace Church Gate Cottage which is lower listed, dates to the Tudor period with a georgian (architecture) front including a deep wooden modillion eaves cornice, formerly in part an Inn.[16]

Starborough Castle

In what was the parish until 2000 but is Dormansland civil parish 2 miles (3.2 km) east is the site of Starborough Castle, fortified by Lord Cobham (a medieval peerage) in 1341. Little now remains except parts of its walls, Grade II* listed[17] and the moat, which is stone revetted, waterfilled and in good condition.[18]

Lingfield is also home to one of the world's oldest cricket clubs, with the first recorded match being against London on the 18th June 1739.[19]

Geography[edit]

Tandridge Civil Parishes
Lingfield's location in Tandridge District is shown above. The Prime Meridian passes close to the western border of Lingfield.

London is (centred) 23.4 miles (37.7 km) north-by-northeast and Oxted, the administrative centre of Tandridge is 5.3 miles (8.5 km) north. Guildford is Surrey's county town, 24.3 miles (39.1 km) west-by-northwest.[20]

Elevations range between 76m AOD in Lingfield Park Golf Course adjoining Lingfield Park and Felcourt to 46.5m AOD along the northern border, the Eden Brook from Moat Farm to the railway line.[21]

Economy[edit]

The village has a variety of public houses and restaurants including the Old Cage, built in 1592[22] and named after the nearby village cage or "lock-up". Other pubs include The Greyhound, The Star and The Hare and Hounds (which is slightly out of the village, across Lingfield Common). Three Indian restaurants grace the village - Bengal Village, Tarana Lingfield and Lingfield Tandoori and a Thai Restaurant/bar Thai Lounge. Lingfield has social events, clubs and societies such as the Lingfield and Dormansland Rifle Club which caters for a wide variety of competition shooters, and the Lingfield Silver Band - a traditional village brass band.

Lingfield is home to the national charity Young Epilepsy (formerly named NCYPE/St. Piers/Lingfield Hospital School/Lingfield Epileptic Colony), which provides residential care and education for students with epilepsy and learning difficulties.[23]

Nearby to the west of the A22 at Newchapel is the London England Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, known as the Mormon Temple.

Culture and Community[edit]

Lingfield Civil Parish run annual events, meetings and village hall facilities offered by the third-tier local council.

Localities[edit]

Felcourt[edit]

Felcourt's large Manor House and parkland was the head office of Rentokil Initial from 1949 until 2006; converted to apartments and a small business park.

Felcourt Farm and Business Park[edit]

Felcourt Farm is a large dairy farm, having in its area a small business park with 15 units, rented to businesses or available for rent.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Lingfield has a Non-League football club, Lingfield F.C., who play at The Sports Pavilion.

Lingfield has another thriving sport with cricket clubs also playing in the village.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Trains run most notably from Lingfield railway station to London Victoria station and London Bridge station.[24]

Refurbishment, finished in Spring 2013, of the Bluebell Railway made that steam tourist service accessible directly by car or modern train. East Grinstead railway station is a modern terminus of this formerly through-line to Lewes and beyond: the town of East Grinstead is just two stations south.

Bus[edit]

Bus services cover destinations such as Caterham, Oxted, Horley, Gatwick Airport, Crawley and East Grinstead and are Southdown and Metrobus operations.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 634 518 316 284 68 2

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 4,467 1,822 36.7% 36.3% 876

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ This source provides an accessible online copy of the Domesday Book for Tandridge (and Surrey as a whole)
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  4. ^ Lingfield Parish church
  5. ^ East Surrey family history society
  6. ^ Church of St Peter and St Paul - Grade I listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029906)". National Heritage List for England .
  7. ^ Tandridge DC conservation areas
  8. ^ Village Cage and St Peter's Cross Grade I listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1005942)". National Heritage List for England .
  9. ^ Old Town Hall and Old Town Cottage Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029910)". National Heritage List for England .
  10. ^ College Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205289)". National Heritage List for England .
  11. ^ Old Guest House Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205909)". National Heritage List for England .
  12. ^ Magnus Deo - Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205825)". National Heritage List for England .
  13. ^ Old House Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205370)". National Heritage List for England .
  14. ^ The Garth Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205754)". National Heritage List for England .
  15. ^ Pollard Cottage/House - Grade I listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029911)". National Heritage List for England .
  16. ^ Church House/Star Inn Cottages - Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205173)". National Heritage List for England .
  17. ^ Starborough Castle Walls & Garden House Grade II* listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205666)". National Heritage List for England .
  18. ^ Starborough Castle Scheduled Ancient Monument English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1017522)". National Heritage List for England .
  19. ^ H T Waghorn, Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730-1773), Blackwood, 1899
  20. ^ Grid reference Finder measurement tools
  21. ^ Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
  22. ^ The Old Cage (public house) Grade II listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1205382)". National Heritage List for England .
  23. ^ Young Epilepsy
  24. ^ Association of Train Operating Companies – official timetable

External links[edit]

Media related to Lingfield, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons