Lingnan (simplified Chinese: 岭南; traditional Chinese: 嶺南; pinyin: Lǐngnán) is a geographic area referring to lands in the south of China's "Five Ranges" which are Tayu, Qitian, Dupang, Mengzhu, Yuecheng. The region covers the Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan and Jiangxi provinces of modern China and northern Vietnam.
The area was inhabited by the Baiyue and was the motherland of ancient Nanyue. At that time, Lingnan was considered as a barbarian land and it had loose contact with the Zhongyuan region, which was the cultural cradle of Chinese culture. In the 2nd century BC, the region was absorbed into the Middle Kingdom during the Han Dynasty's southward expansion, and its development had been boosted since the Ancient Meiguan Road (梅关古道) was paved.
- History of Lingnan. Travel China. Accessed June 20, 2012.
- Social and Clan Culture in the Lingnan Region. Shvoong.com. Accessed June 20, 2012.
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