Lingnan or Lĩnh Nam (simplified Chinese: 岭南; traditional Chinese: 嶺南; pinyin: lǐng nán) is a geographic area referring to lands in the south of China's "Five Ranges" which are Tayu, Qitian, Dupang, Mengzhu, and Yuecheng. The region covers the modern Chinese provinces of Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan as well as modern northern Vietnam.
The area was inhabited by the Baiyue and was the motherland of ancient Nanyue. At that time, Lingnan was considered as a barbarian land and it had loose contact with the Zhongyuan region, which was the cultural cradle of Chinese culture. In the 2nd century BC, the region was absorbed into the Middle Kingdom during the Han dynasty's southward expansion, and its development had been boosted since the Ancient Meiguan Road (simplified Chinese: 梅关古道; traditional Chinese: 梅關古道; pinyin: méi guān gǔ dào) was paved.
- History of Lingnan. Travel China. Accessed June 20, 2012.
- Social and Clan Culture in the Lingnan Region. Shvoong.com. Accessed June 20, 2012.
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