||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Yves Bur|
|Area1||5.69 km2 (2.20 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||67267 / 67380|
|Elevation||139–150 m (456–492 ft)
(avg. 140 m or 460 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Lingolsheim is situated southwest of Strasbourg, being a principal suburb between the city centre and Strasbourg Airport. Road access to he city is provided by departmental roads RD 392 and RD 222 and, less directly, by the region's main south-north autoroute. The commune is on the railway line that connects Strasbourg with Molsheim and Sélestat, and is served by Line B of the Strasbourg tram network as well as several bus routes.
It lies on the small rivers Bruche and Ill.
Outcomes of the Franco-Prussian War included the annexation in 1871 of Alsace by Germany. A period of rapid modernisation ensued throughout the Strasbourg region, involving population growth, urbanisation and industrial expansion.
For Lingolsheim, a defining feature of this modernisation was the creation and rapid development of a large industrial tannery by Adler & Oppenheimer Aktiengesellschaft. By 1914 the business employed 2,000 and leather dominated the town's economy.
These years also saw the establishment of a major sand extraction industry. The local soil, rich in red and white sands, was intensively exploited during the closing years of the nineteenth century.
Twentieth century wars
The Second World War was more damaging. Immediately before the German invasion of 1940, the town's tanneries were evacuated to Rennes where they remained until after the war. In the autumn of 1940 Lingolsheim was incorporated into "Großstraßburg". The buildings that had housed the tanneries were converted into a large workshop dedicated to repairing tanks. During this war Lingolsheim was subjected to several bombardments.
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