Linhares

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Linhares
Municipality
The Municipality of Linhares
Regência beach in Linhares
Regência beach in Linhares
Flag of Linhares
Flag
Official seal of Linhares
Seal
Nickname(s): "Paraíso das águas" (Waters' Paradise)
Location of Linhares in the State of Espírito Santo
Location of Linhares in the State of Espírito Santo
Coordinates: 19°23′22″S 40°04′04″W / 19.38944°S 40.06778°W / -19.38944; -40.06778Coordinates: 19°23′22″S 40°04′04″W / 19.38944°S 40.06778°W / -19.38944; -40.06778
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do Espírito Santo.svg Espírito Santo
Founded August 22, 1800
Government
 • Mayor Jair Correia - Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT)
Area
 • Total 9,501.6 km2 (3,668.6 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation 33 m (108 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 157,814
 • Density 17/km2 (43/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2010) 0,724 – medium[3]
Website www.linhares.es.gov.br

Linhares is the name of a municipality in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, 135 km north of the state capital, Vitória. It is the largest municipality by area in the state, at 9,501.6 km², and has a population of 157.814 people (2013).

The municipality is named in honor of D. Rodrigo de Souza Coutinho, Count of Linhares, who was a minister in the Brazilian government in the first two decades of the 19th century.

History[edit]

The area today known as Linhares was once inhabited by the Botocudo. The town, founded by Europeans on August 22, 1800 was destroyed by the Indians during a war in 1809.

The area was visited by Brazilian Emperor Dom Pedro II in 1860. An island he set foot on is still known as the Emperor's Island.

Linhares became a municipality in 1945, when it was detached from the municipality of Colatina.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Linhares is mostly based on commerce, agriculture, cattle and oil.

Geography[edit]

Linhares is characterized by undulating lowlands and numerous lakes. The town sits on the Doce River amidst its 69 lakes.

The climate is hot, tropical, and humid, typically with a dry winter season and a more humid summer. The main freshwater lagoons in the region are: Japaranã-Mirim, Palmas, Durão, Palminhas, Aguiá, Monsarás, Limão, Feia, Combóios, Piabanha, Óleo, Pau Grosso, Terra Alta and Patrão.

The Juparanã Lagoon (freshwater) is also the second largest in water volume in the country.[citation needed]

There is an official nudist beach called Barra Seca 60 km to the east of Linhares.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE - [1]
  2. ^ "2012 Populational Estimate". Censo Populacional 2012. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  3. ^ [2] UNDP

External links[edit]