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Classification and external resources
Endoscopic image of linitis plastica, where the entire stomach is invaded with stomach cancer, leading to a leather bottle like appearance.
Linitis plastica, also known as Brinton's disease or leather bottle stomach, is a morphological variant of diffuse (or infiltrating) stomach cancer.
Causes of linitis plastica could be lye ingestion or metastatic infiltration of the stomach, particularly breast and lung carcinoma. It is not associated with H. pylori infection or chronic gastritis. The risk factors are undefined, except for rare inherited mutations in E-cadherin, which are found in about 50% of diffuse-type gastric carcinomas.
This cancer (and most other stomach cancers) is more common in Asian countries, particularly Japan.
Endoscopic image of linitis plastica, a type of stomach cancer where the entire stomach is invaded, leading to a leather bottle-like appearance with blood coming out of it.
Diffuse stomach cancer is characterized by the presence of poorly differentiated tumor cells. Microscopic appearance is signet ring carcinoma, which is tumor cells with mucin droplet that displaces the nucleus to one side.
The appearance of the stomach is like a "leather bottle". It is characterized by a thick, rigid stomach wall caused by diffuse infiltration of tumor cells and extensive fibrosis.