Links of Noltland

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Links of Noltland is an archaeological site near Grobust Bay on the north coast of Westray in Orkney, Scotland. The site contains the remains of both a Neolithic village and later Bronze Age dwellings.[1]

Links of Noltland

Excavations at the site (HY428492) in the 1980s found a Neolithic building, which is now in the care of Historic Scotland who are funding further excavation.[2][3] In 2009 the Westray Wife was discovered, a lozenge-shaped figurine that is believed to be the earliest representation of a human face ever found in Scotland. The face has two dots for eyes, heavy brows and an oblong nose and a pattern of hatches on the body could represent clothing. Archaeologist Richard Strachan described it at the time as a find of "astonishing rarity".[4] Two further figurines were subsequently found at the site, one in 2010 and the other in 2012, a situation described as "unprecedented" by Culture Minister Fiona Hyslop.[5]

There may have been several phases of occupation, as the first figurine was probably carved 2500 - 3000 BCE and one structure has been dated to c. 2000 BCE. Other finds include polished bone beads, tools, and grooved ware pottery. The full extent of the site is believed to exceed the size of Skara Brae on the Orkney mainland.[6] The ruins are being backfilled to protect them from winter storms.

Another 2009 discovery is that of a large building for collective use described as a "village hall". The structure overlooks the main settlement and would have been about 20 metres (66 ft) wide and had walls 3 metres (9.8 ft) thick. Other finds are revealing a remarkably detailed picture of life in the settlement over a long period of time spanning the Neolithic and early Bronze Age. It is clear that the residents farmed crops such as barley, kept livestock such as cattle and sheep and were partial to venison.[7]

Nearby are Queen o' Howe broch, The Lum Head chambered tomb and the ruins of Noltland Castle.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Orkneyjar - The Links of Noltland. Accessed 28 July 2013
  2. ^ "Ordnance Survey: Get-a map". Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  3. ^ "New excavation at Neolithic mystery site". Orkneyjar Archaeology. July 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-14. [dead link]
  4. ^ Urquhart, Frank (21 August 2009). "Face to face with the 5,000-year-old 'first Scot'". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 August 2009. 
  5. ^ "Third 5,000-year-old figurine found at Orkney dig". BBC News. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Lewis, Caroline (December 2007). "Archaeologists Find Mysterious Neolithic Structure in Orkney Links of Noltland Dig". 24hourmuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2008. 
  7. ^ Sweeney, Charlene (19 September 2009). "Orkney dig finds 5,000 year-old village hall". The Times. 

Coordinates: 59°19′22″N 3°0′0″W / 59.32278°N 3.00000°W / 59.32278; -3.00000