Deepin

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Deepin
Deepinlogo.png
DeepinScreenshot20141114011107.png
Screenshot of Deepin Desktop Environment in 2014.1
Developer Wuhan Deepin Technology Co.,Ltd.
OS family Unix-like
Working state Active
Source model Free software plus some proprietary packages
Latest release 2014.3 / April 28, 2015; 32 days ago (2015-04-28)
Available in Over 60 languages
Package manager dpkg
Platforms x86, x86-64, Loongson
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Default user interface Deepin Desktop Environment
License Mostly GPL
Official website deepin.org

Deepin, stylized as deepin (previously Hiweed Linux and Linux Deepin) is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu, that uses the same APT and dpkg software management systems.[1] It also boasts a collection of first party apps to cover most the basic functionality. It is primarily developed by Wuhan Deepin Technology Co.,Ltd. and has gained notability through its success in China.

Overview[edit]

Deepin uses its own purpose-built desktop environment which is integrated with other first party applications, like Deepin Music, Deepin Movie, Deepin Store, and its own Control Center.

Though it is based on Ubuntu and so uses APT, the users are given the Deepin Store for graphical software management rather than the Ubuntu Software Center as is the case with most derivatives.

Community members have played a participatory role throughout development, both in China and internationally, and operate with the motto "Freedom, Openness, Sharing, Cooperation".[2] The community also works with upstream Debian with the translation of documents into Chinese.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Deepin was originally released under the name Hiwix 0.1 on February 28, 2004. 'Linux' was appended to the title from versions 0.2 onwards. This initial release was based on Morphix which means that it has a longer history than the distribution it is now based on: Ubuntu.[3] It also used IceWM for its user interface.

From there the default base and interface were both changed multiple times. In December, 2009 the name of was changed to Linux Deepin and the default interface to a modified version of GNOME. This, along with the earlier switch to an Ubuntu base, signified a significant rebranding for the project. The developers stuck with this formula for several years, even through the upgrade to GNOME 3 and the criticism that its release had received.

Eventually it was decided to make the switch away from GNOME and to the purpose built Deepin Desktop Environment. 'Linux' was also later dropped from the name.

Release history[edit]

The release cycle has followed various schedules but currently aims for four releases per year.[4] Like many distributions, releases are (and have previously been) delayed if the relevant work of development and testing has not been completed.

Version Release Date Desktop Environment Underlying System
Hiwix 0.1 February 28, 2004 IceWM Morphix
Hiweed Linux 0.2 March 3, 2004
Hiweed Linux 0.3 July 22, 2004 Xfce Debian
Hiweed Linux 0.55 September 25, 2004
Hiweed Linux 0.6 February 24, 2005
Hiweed Linux 1.0 September 25, 2006 Ubuntu
Hiweed Linux 2.0 November 17, 2008 LXDE
Linux Deepin 9.12 December 30, 2009 GNOME 2
Linux Deepin 10.06 July 20, 2010
Linux Deepin 10.12 December 31, 2010
Linux Deepin 11.06 July 4, 2011
Linux Deepin 11.12 December 30, 2011 GNOME 3
Linux Deepin 11.12.1 February 29, 2012
Linux Deepin 12.06 July 17, 2012
Linux Deepin 12.12 June 19, 2013 Deepin Desktop Environment 1.0
Linux Deepin 12.12.1 August 7, 2013
Linux Deepin 2013 November 28, 2013
Deepin 2014 July 6, 2014 Deepin Desktop Environment 2.0
Deepin 2014.1 August 28, 2014
Deepin 2014.2 December 31, 2014
Deepin 2014.3 April 28, 2015

System requirements[edit]

Configurations CPU RAM Hard Disk Space
Minimum Intel Pentium IV 2.0 GHz 1GB 10GB
Recommended Intel Core 2 2.0Ghz 2GB 20GB

The minimum requirements must be met for running the 32-bit version of the OS, while for running the 64-bit version meeting the recommended is advised. To make the Live CD a blank DVD or a USB flash drive of more than 2GB is needed.[5]

Software components[edit]

Deeping ships with a collection of first party applications, built with the aim of providing a consistent integrated experience upon installation. These are composed of two main parts - the Deepin Desktop Environment and the Deepin software collection. All the software is open source released in accordance with the GNU GPL v3 license.[6]

The software is officially released in 20 languages, and additional contributions from community members make them available in another 40.[citation needed]

Deepin Desktop Environment[edit]

Deepin Desktop Environment

Prior to Linux Deepin 12.12 a modified version of the GNOME desktop environment had been used. However, with the release of GNOME 3 and its removal of many customization features the developers began working on their own desktop.

The result was the Deepin Desktop Environment, composed of a desktop, launcher, dock and the Deepin Control Center. It is built mainly using HTML5 and WebKit and allows for development of JavaScript plugins to add or modify functionality.

Deepin Control Center[edit]

Deepin Control Center is a settings module integrated with the desktop environment, and allows the user to control all aspects of their system. It differs from the other components of the DE in that its interface is written in QML and the back end is written in Go.

Deepin Software Collection[edit]

Deepin Store[edit]

Unlike most Ubuntu based distributions Deepin comes with its own store for the management of installing, upgrading, and removing software. Over 2,600 pieces of software are available in Deepin Store.

Deepin Music[edit]

A music player developed for Deepin. It can connect to online music services, download lyrics, display album cover art, and also has plugin support for adding additional functionality.

Deepin Movie[edit]

Video player software which uses FFmpeg as the rear end, allowing it to support various media file formats and multi-mode switch. It can convert video formats, download lyrics and subtitles, and take display snapshots.

Deepin Screenshot[edit]

A screenshot tool which supports intelligent window identification (Ctrl+Alt+A to start), manual area selection, image editing, delaying screenshot (Ctrl+PrintScreen), and directly sharing to social networks (Twitter and Sina Weibo).

Deepin Terminal[edit]

A terminal emulator for interacting with the operating system. Features include screen splitting, workspace switch, real-time adjustment of background transparency, customizable font and font size, and custom shortcut keys,

Deepin Translator[edit]

A desktop translator which utilizes the online service Google Translate, and so includes all the bidirectional translations of the site. In addition it can use OCR technology to translate words that appear in pictures.

Deepin Game[edit]

Connects the user to a simple game platform with a number of common flash games.

Other Software[edit]

Deepin Installer[edit]

This is the software used to install Deepin on the users system. It attempts to make installation easier for users who might be unfamiliar with the process by simplifying tasks such as hard drive partitioning.

Deepin Boot Maker[edit]

Deepin Boot Maker is a tool which allows users to make a startup disk of Deepin. It can currently be used on Linux, Windows, and Mac.

Future plans[edit]

The Deepin developers have spoke about various projects that they are working on and hope will be included in upcoming releases. Amongst these are Deepin Drive Center for managing mounted storage devices and Deepin File Manager to replace GNOME Files which is currently used.[7]

There are also plans to integrate an intelligent personal assistant into the desktop environment by the name of Deepin Voice Assistant, a feature showcased to users at the 2013 DAU. Planned features for the tool include sending tweets, checking the weather, taking photos, and queries about movies.

Deepin Talk is an instant messaging client which is being developed by the Deepin team. The back end uses a modified version of XMPP and like the Control Center the interface is written in QML.[8]

Achievements[edit]

  • Winning the excellence award for OS in Open Source Contest of Northeast Asia—China, Japan and South Korea in 2012 and 2014[citation needed]
  • Praised as an 'outstanding open source project' at the 9th China Open World Forum held in Beijing[9]
  • The top Chinese operating system on the DistroWatch ranking website[10]

References[edit]

External links[edit]