A package format is a type of archive containing files and additional metadata found on packages. While the archive file format itself is unchanged, package formats additionally specify the contents, such as requiring a manifest file or certain directory layout.
The term is particularly used on Unix systems, and there are several formats available, both for Linux distributions and BSD systems, though the concept also includes pkg files on Mac OS X, MSI files on Windows, JAR files for Java, among others.
These are the principal kinds of package:
Packages may be converted to one type to another with software such as Alien.
- .apk – used by Android
- .appx, .appxbundle — used by Microsoft for packaging Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Phone 8.1 applications.
- .deb — Used by Debian and its derivatives, such as Ubuntu, Xubuntu, and CrunchBang Linux.
- ebuild — Used by Gentoo Linux.
- PISI — Used by Pardus and derivatives such as Pardus-Anka and Pisi Linux.
- .pkg - Used by iPhone, PlayStation 3, Solaris (operating system).
- PUP and PET — used by Puppy Linux - click and install package type. OS can be installed to a flash drive for portability and will bring apps with it.
- QPKG — Used by QNAP NAS devices.
- .rpm — Used by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora and derivatives such as CentOS.
- SLP — Used by Stampede Linux.
- .tar.xz, .txz — Used by Arch Linux's Pacman package manager.
- .tgz, .txz, .tbz, .tlz — Used by Slackware.
- List of software package management systems
- Package management system
- Advanced Packaging Tool
- CNR (software)
- Justin Angelo Cappos, Stork: Secure Package Management for VM Environments, ProQuest, 2008, p. 128 ;
- "App packaging". Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "InstallingSoftware - Community Ubuntu Documentation". Help.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- Kauler, Barry (2006). "Pup FAQ". Retrieved 2008-10-27.
- "App Center (QPKG)".
- "rpm - Trac". Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "makepkg.conf(5) Manual Page".
- "The Slackware Linux Project: Configuration Help". Retrieved 29 September 2014.
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