Linz Airport

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Linz Airport
Blue Danube Airport Linz
Hörsching Flughafen.JPG

IATA: LNZICAO: LOWL

LNZ is located in Austria
LNZ
LNZ
Location of airport in Austria
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Linz GesmbH
Serves Linz, Austria
Elevation AMSL 977 ft / 298 m
Coordinates 48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750Coordinates: 48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750
Website flughafen-linz.at
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passenger Movements 561,295 Increase 2.1%
Freight (in tons) 44,400 Increase 3.3%

Linz Airport (IATA: LNZICAO: LOWL), also known as Blue Danube Airport Linz and formerly Hörsching Airport, is a minor international airport near Linz, the third-largest city of Austria. It mainly features flights to European leisure and some metropolitan destinations.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Air traffic used to take place at the Südbahnhofmarkt in the center of Linz where the zeppelin Estaric I took off on the 30th October 1909. In 1925 air traffic was established between Linz and Vienna. Starting in 1934, the air traffic operation was based in the Linz-Katzenau district (nowadays industrial center), which was later terminated by the NSDAP after 1938. The airport was then moved to Hörsching.

The following table shows some of the units of the Luftwaffe (air force in Nazi Germany), which were deployed from 1943 to 1945.[1]

From To Unit[2]
October 1943 December 1943 I./KG 51 (Bomber Wing 51) (I. Group of the Bomber Wing 51)
November 1943 March 1944 III./KG 76
October 1944 April 1944 II./KG(J) 27
April 1945 April 1945 II./KG 51
April 1945 May 1945 I./JG 52 (Fighter Wing 52) (I. Group of the fighter wing 52)

Since 1956 regular passenger air traffic takes place. Since 1966 daily flight connections to Frankfurt Airport are available.

Development since the 1970s[edit]

In 1972 a passenger terminal was built, which was officially opened in 1976. Since 1985 the flight path is equipped with an Instrument landing system, catgory IIIb. In the years 1998 to 2003 the passenger terminal was adjusted and enlarged. In 2005 a new instrument landing system (ILS) was put into operation at the runway 08/26.

Until 1989 the supersonic jet Concorde landed several times at the airport. Since the 90s some cargo flights were dispatched by the high-capacity transporter Antonov An-124 Ruslan. In 2003 the world's largest cargo aircraft Antonov An-225 landed in Austria. On 2 June 2010 a Lufthansa Airbus A380-800 landed at Linz Airport coming from Vienna and left for Munich.[3]

Linz has been the second largest airport in Austria since 1978, although cargo transactions are mostly done by trucks. Amerer Air operated from the airport Linz from 1995 until 2009 and was the only cargo company in Austria.[4] In June 1994 the cargo terminal 1 was finished. In October 2013 the cargo terminal 5 was put into operation. 6 Million Euro were invested in the new cargo terminal.[5]

According to the number of passengers, Linz Airport is the fifth largest airport in Austria after Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck and Graz. The airport is a shared property. 50% belong to the general state Upper Austria and 50% belong to the city of Linz.[6]

In February 2015, Austrian Airlines announced to cut their domestic route between Linz and the capital Vienna from six down to two daily flights as most travellers are expected to use the newly improved rail link between the two cities.[7] Since the inauguration of the new rail services in December 2014, the direct journey from Linz main station to Vienna International Airport takes only 1:47 without a change of trains.[8]

Facilities[edit]

Main hall
Check-in area
Aerial view of Linz with the airport on the left side of the picture

Linz Airport is relatively small, with 11 gates. There is a shop and café in the entrance hall, together with the check-in and airline desks. Beyond the security checks there is a duty-free shop and a small café accessible from both the domestic and international gate areas.

The airport is equipped with a 3000 meter long precision runway with two instrumental landing systems, as well as a helicopter landing pad. For medium-haul aircraft 16 parking positions are available. Linz Airport is actually a military airport but with a civil right of use. The civil part is located north of the landing strip. To the south lie the second largest barracks of Austria as well as a military airfield named “Fliegerhorst Vogler”.

On November the 1st in 2010, both runway 09/27 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 were renamed to runway 08/26 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 due to permanent changes in the magnetic declination. Since the submitted variation of the compass rose results in such a magnetic value which lies closer to 08/26 than the existing identification code 09/27, the Austrian flight control Austro Control initiated the tracking of the new runway designation.

Economic sector[edit]

The airport Linz is the second largest cargo airport in Austria and therefor an important principal for the Austrian economy. The Middle East and Far East as well as the Arabian area and India are the main focus. 6 Million Euro were invested in the new cargo terminal.[9] Linz airport is the largest economic area in Upper Austria with more than 100 companies. The airport (Flughafen GmbH) has 160 employees. The connection to Zürich Airport improved the accessibility for business travelers and tourists and thus strengthened the tourist and economic sector of Upper Austria.[10]

Cargo Airport[edit]

The Cargo sector of the Blue Danube Airport Linz operates worldwide under the brand Air Cargo Center. Linz Airport had a growth rate of 0.9% in terms of cargo transactions in the year 2012. 43.357 tons of cargo were handled. Besides the daily rotation of DHL Aviation (Ljubljana – Linz – Leipzig) extra cargo transactions are often handled. In June 2014 DHL Global Forwarding transported 9.5 tons of steel tiling from Linz to Mumbai by a cargo aircraft type Beoing 747-400F.[11] Following the ongoing expansion of the cargo facilities and the opening of cargo terminal 5 on the 17th October 2013, a building the size of 70x35 meters, a 2.900 m² cargo hall, 12 loading bays as well as two sawtooth ramps were created.[12] Linz Airport is also equipped to dispatch jumbo jets.[13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Linz Airport:[14]

Airlines Destinations
Austrian Airlines Düsseldorf, Vienna
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Chania, Karpathos, Kos, Larnaca, Rhodes, Rostock,[15] Santorini, Zakynthos
Express Airways Seasonal charter: Brac (begins 23 May 2015)[16]
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt
Niki Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes, Sharm el Sheik[17]
Ryanair London-Stansted, Tenerife-South
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya[17]
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Enfidha[17]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlantic Airlines
Leipzig/Halle, Ljubljana

Accidents and incidents[edit]

The database of the Aviation Safety Network collects all fatal flight accidents worldwide since 1943. There are no registered accidents in the closer area of Linz Airport since the last update in 2014.[18]

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

The airport can be reached via federal highways B139 (which connects to motorway A1 Vienna – Germany) and B1. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport.[20] There is a single-storey covered car park.

Public transportation[edit]

Bus line 601 connects the airport within 20 minutes with the city centre of Linz. There is an additional free shuttle service for travellers from Hörsching railway station which itself can be reached from Linz main station.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved March 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ Henry L. deZeng IV "'Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders), S. 13–14" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Airbus A380 in Linz gelandet". Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Wettbewerbsauslobung" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fracht 5 geht in Betrieb" (in German). Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Flughafen Linz GesmbH" (in German). Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/02/02/aua-kuendigt-welcome-air-wetlease.html
  8. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/passagiere/anreise__parken/s-bahn
  9. ^ "Fracht 5 geht in Betrieb" (in German). Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Zürich als ideale Ergänzung zum bestehenden Angebot. Etihad Regional nimmt neue Linienflugverbindung" (in German). Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "DHL lieferte Riesenbleche mit "Nose Up" Jumbo Charter" (in German). Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Fracht 5 geht in Betrieb" (in German). Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Neues Frachtterminal am Flughafen Linz eröffnet" (in German). Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.flughafen-linz.at/www/cm/de/passengers/flightinfo/
  15. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/02/11/aua-nimmt-linz-rostock-auf.html
  16. ^ http://www.flughafen-linz.at/www/export/sites/bda/galleries/download/flugplaene/sommerch2015.pdf
  17. ^ a b c http://www.flughafen-linz.at/www/cm/de/passengers/flightinfo/charter.html
  18. ^ "Länderseite Österreich" (in German). Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  19. ^ "YU-ABK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  20. ^ a b http://www.flughafen-linz.at/www/cm/de/passengers/approach/index.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Linz Airport at Wikimedia Commons