Linzer Lokalbahn (LILO)
|Owned by||Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)|
Linz Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in Linz, the third largest city in Austria, and capital city of the federal state of Upper Austria. Opened in 1858, the station is the centrepiece of the Linz transport hub. It forms part of the Western Railway, and is also a terminus of the Pyhrn Railway, the Summerauer Railway, and the Linzer Lokalbahn (LILO). The station is owned by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB); train services are operated by the ÖBB and the LILO. With over 30,000 travellers per day, it is one of the busiest through stations in Austria.
Linz Hauptbahnhof is situated in Bahnhofplatz, near the southern edge of the city centre.
The first Linz central station building was completed in 1858, to coincide with the arrival of the Empress Elisabeth Railway company's Western Railway from Vienna. It was rebuilt from 1936, in a severe modernist style characterized by a reinforced concrete frame, high ceilings, and elongated windows. The rebuilt station building was damaged during World War II, and rebuilt again from 1949-1955 in the sober style of that time. By the end of the twentieth century, it was no longer appropriate to the increasing requirements of contemporary public transport.
In 2002-2004, the rebuilt station building was completely replaced with a new building designed by Wilhelm Holzbauer. This redevelopment also added the Terminal Tower skyscraper as part of a mixed-use complex.
The present station building is structured in three levels. The main entrance is at ground level, next to the taxi rank, and also provides the connection to the station's bus terminal.
The bus terminal is used by Postbuses and some bus and trolleybus routes operated by Linz Linien. It is also used by the Welser company's regional buses, which connect Linz with the neighbouring communities of Traun and Ansfelden.
The railway platforms are accessible via the intermediate level of the building. Here, alongside the ÖBB ticket windows, information services, and the ÖBB club lounge, are shops and restaurants.
In the basement, there are stops for all three lines of the Linz tramway network, and an underground parking garage.
Due to its short transfer routes, large size and bright ambience, the building has repeatedly won the Verkehrsclub Österreich's award for the most popular and beautiful railway station in Austria, ahead of the central stations at Klagenfurt, Wiener Neustadt, and Wels.
As at 2010, Linz Hauptbahnhof had 13 operating station platforms, of which platforms 21, 1 and 2 were allocated to Linzer Lokalbahn trains.
The platforms are of the latest design, to correspond with the requirements of the ÖBB's Bahnhofsoffensive. All are equipped with elevators or escalators. All platforms, except platform 22 which, however, does not face any track, are through platforms.
Platforms 21 and 22 are to serve in the future for the Linz S-Bahn, which is still being planned.
Following the Bahnhofsoffensive, some changes were visible in public transport interchange at Linz Hauptbahnhof.
Until 2004, the Hauptbahnhof was served only by line 3 of the Linz tram system. Lines 1 and 2 ran along the Wienerstraße, a short distance away. The Wienerstraße route has now been relocated underground between Goethekreuzung and Herz Jesu Kirche. By that new route, lines 1 and 2 now join line 3 in serving the Hauptbahnhof. The former above ground tram route between Blumauerplatz and Herz Jesu Kirche had been removed by 2009, and the streets were resurfaced. Thus, nothing now remains of the old route.
The Hauptbahnhof tram stop is now 86 m (282 ft) long and has space for 2 Cityrunner trams. Both ends of the station are fitted with reversing loops.
In 2004, the bus terminal was built east of the Hauptbahnhof. The bus station is below the county offices (regional service centre) and is at ground level. In the bus terminal there are three long bus platforms, where the Linz AG Linien, Postbus und Wilhelm Welser Traun buses all stop. The bus terminal is a total of 200 m (656 ft) long and 50 m (164 ft) wide.
- ÖBB travel portal: Stations with Luggage lockers "Upper Austria: Linz Hauptbahnhof, Wels Hauptbahnhof, .. Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, ..Graz Hauptbahnhof, Leoben Hauptbahnhof, ...Carinthia / East Tyrol: Klagenfurt Hauptbahnhof, Villach Hauptbahnhof, Tyrol: Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof, .. "
- "Linz - Kultur - Denkmäler: Hauptbahnhof" (in German). City of Linz. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
Media related to Hauptbahnhof Linz at Wikimedia Commons
- Linzer Lokalbahn - official site (German)