Lion Salt Works
|Lion Salt Works|
Lion Salt Works in 2006
|Location||Marston, near Northwich, England|
|OS grid reference||SJ 670 754|
|Built for||John Thompson Junior|
|Designated||19 August 1986|
|Reference no.||57604, 57605, 57606, 57607|
John Thompson Junior, a member of a family that had been making salt probably since the 18th century, started the Lion Salt Works when he built a salt pan in the coal yard of the Red Lion Hotel, Marston, in 1894. During the 20th century more efficient methods of extracting and refining salt were developed, and by 1960 the works was the only business continuing to use the open pan process in the country. The business closed down in 1986 when the West African markets, the major purchaser of natural salt, were lost because of the Nigerian Civil War.
The buildings were purchased by Vale Royal District Council to prevent their demolition. In 1993, the Lion Salt Works Trust was formed as a registered charity and a company limited by guarantee. In 2000, a survey showed that the land around the works was stable and during the following years money was raised from DEFRA, English Heritage, Cheshire Rural Recovery and the Northwest Development Agency to enable surveys to be completed and a conservation plan to be written. In July 2005, an application was made to the Heritage Lottery Fund and a Stage 1 award was made the following March. In March 2008, it was announced that the Heritage Lottery Fund had made an award of £4.96 m towards the £7 m total cost of the restoration project.
In 2004, Lion Salt Works was a candidate on the BBC's Restoration programme. The surviving buildings are designated by English Heritage as Grade II listed buildings. The specific buildings listed are the canal salt shed, the engine shed and pump house, the office in the works yard, and the pan sheds and stoves and the store shed behind the works. The buildings are registered as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The site is recognised as an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
In 2009, the site came into the ownership of Cheshire West and Chester Council. The site is currently closed for major redevelopment and will open in summer 2014 as a new heritage visitor attraction.
- "17th to 19th Century and the Lion Salt Works". The Lion Salt Works Trust. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- "Site Development Key dates.". The Lion Salt Works Trust. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- Drury, Simon (2008-03-21), "£5m lotto boost for Salt Works", Mid Cheshire Chronicle
- "Lion Salt Works, Cheshire". BBC Restoration 2004. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
- English Heritage, "Canal salt shed at Lion Salt Works (1329876)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012.
- English Heritage, "Engine shed and pump house at Lion Salt Works (1160985)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012.
- English Heritage, "Office in works yard, Lion Salt Works (1139103)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012.
- English Heritage, "Pan sheds and stoves and store shed behind Lion Salt Works (1329875)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012.
- English Heritage, "Lion Salt Works and remains of part of the Alliance Salt Works (1020841)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Anchor Points Great Britain, European Route of Industrial Heritage, retrieved 29 November 2008
- Our Facilities, The Lion Salt Works Trust, retrieved 29 November 2008