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Lionel Loueke (born 27 April 1973) is a guitarist and vocalist born in the west African country of Benin. He moved to Ivory Coast in 1990 to study at the National Institute of Art. He attended the American School of Modern Music in Paris, France from 1994–1998. In 1999, Loueke was awarded a scholarship to Berklee College of Music, where he earned a degree in Jazz Performance in 2000.
Lionel Loueke grew up in what he has described as a family of poor intellectuals in the west African country of Benin. He began playing percussion instruments around the age of 9, but was influenced by an older brother who played guitar, which he began playing himself in his late teens. It took Loueke a year to earn the $50 he needed to buy his first guitar. However, he could not afford to replace the strings, which had to be special-ordered from Nigeria. Instead, he soaked his strings in vinegar to keep them clean. When the strings broke, he had to replace them with bicycle brake cables which were very hard on his fingers. Loueke got his first professional job by accident, when a club manager heard him playing a guitar he had grabbed off the bandstand during a break and offered him work. He played African pop music, but discovered jazz when a friend returned from Paris with a copy of an album by jazz guitarist George Benson.
This inspired Loueke to study jazz in Paris. He then won a scholarship to study at the Berklee College of Music in Boston. In 2001, Loueke auditioned for the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz at the University of Southern California. He was selected in a worldwide search by a panel of judges including jazz musicians Herbie Hancock, Terence Blanchard and Wayne Shorter. He attended the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz until 2003.
In 2002, while still at the Thelonious Monk Institute, Loueke began playing with trumpeter Blanchard. Loueke was featured on two albums with Blanchard for Blue Note Records, Bounce (2003) and Flow (2005). He subsequently has had a prolific career as a sideman. He has performed on jazz pianist Herbie Hancock’s albums Possibilities (2006) and River: The Joni Letters (2007), and also worked with Kenwood Dennard, George Garzone, Bob Hurst, Alphonso Jonhson, Angelique Kidjo, Dianne Reeves, Cassandra Wilson, Wayne Shorter, Jeff 'Tain' Watts, Charlie Haden, Richard Bona, Nathan East, Vinnie Colaiuta, Marcus Miller, Sting, Brian Blade, John Patitucci, Terri Lyne Carrington, Kenny Garrett, Roy Hargrove, Santana, Dennis Chambers, Magos Herrera, and Gretchen Parlato.
Loueke formed the trio Gilfema with Massimo Biolcati (bass) and Ferenc Nemeth (drums), classmates from the Berklee College of Music, and released two albums on the ObliqSound label: Gilfema (2005), and Gilfema + 2 (2008), featuring clarinet players Anat Cohen and John Ellis. Under his own name, Loueke recorded the live album In a Trance released by Space Time Records in 2005 and Virgin Forest, which was released by ObliqSound in 2006.
Loueke made his major-label debut in 2008, when Blue Note released his album Karibu. NPR.org praised the guitarist for his fusion of traditional African music with modern jazz harmonies, unique vocal inflections, and complex time signatures. The album features Biolcati and Nemeth, as well as guest appearances by Hancock and Shorter. His latest album, Mwaliko (2010), is a collection of duo and trio performances that mixes traditional West African music and jazz. Guests include fellow Benin native Kidjo, Cameroonian bassist and singer Richard Bona, bassist Esperanza Spalding, and drummer Marcus Gilmore, doing a version of Shorter’s classic composition "Nefertiti".
In early 2008, Loueke's "Kponnon Kpété" won in The 7th Annual Independent Music Awards for Best Traditional World Song. And Loueke's "Virgin Forest" was nominated for World Fusion Album of the year.
- As leader
- In a Trance, Independent release (2005)
- Virgin Forest, ObliqSound (2007)
- Karibu, Blue Note Records (2008)
- Mwaliko, Blue Note Records (2010)
- Heritage, Blue Note Records (2012)
- As Gilfema
- Gilfema, ObliqSound (2005) w/ Massimo Biolcati-b, Ferenc Nemeth-d
- Gilfema + 2, ObliqSound (October 2008), in trio with Massimo Biolcati, Ferenc Nemeth and guest clarinetists Anat Cohen and John Ellis
- As sideman
- Bounce (2003) – Terence Blanchard
- Gretchen Parlato (2005) – Gretchen Parlato
- Flow (2005) – Terence Blanchard
- Possibilities (2006) – Herbie Hancock
- After the Big Rain (2007) – Avishai Cohen
- River: The Joni Letters (2007) – Herbie Hancock
- In a Dream (2009) – Gretchen Parlato
- Choices (2009) – Terence Blanchard
- This Dance (2012)- Alison Wedding – Guitar and vocals on "Carry On'"
- Biosphere (2012) – Florian Weber
- Triumph (2012) – Ferenc Nemeth
- Time's Tales (2014) – Jeff Ballard
- Coalition (2014) – Kenny Werner
- Official site
- Lionel Loueke's artist page on ObliqSound
- "In Conversation with Lionel Loueke by Ted Panken (Jazz.com)
- Lionel Loueke: Jazz Meets African Rhythms On 'Mwaliko' audio report by NPR