Lipetsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lipetsk (English)
Липецк (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Lipetsk city.jpg
Lipetsk
Map of Russia - Lipetsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Lipetsk Oblast in Russia
Lipetsk is located in Lipetsk Oblast
Lipetsk
Lipetsk
Location of Lipetsk in Lipetsk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°37′N 39°36′E / 52.617°N 39.600°E / 52.617; 39.600Coordinates: 52°37′N 39°36′E / 52.617°N 39.600°E / 52.617; 39.600
Coat of Arms of Lipetsk (Lipetsk oblast).png
Flag of Lipetsk.png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day 3rd Sunday of July[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of August 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Lipetsk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Lipetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast,[1] Lipetsky District,[1] Lipetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of August 2011)
Urban okrug Lipetsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Lipetsk Urban Okrug,[2] Lipetsky Municipal District[2]
Head[citation needed] Mikhail Gulevsky[citation needed]
Representative body Council of Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 320 km2 (120 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 508,887 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 36th
Density 1,590 /km2 (4,100 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
First mentioned 13th century[citation needed]
City status since September 16, 1779[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 398000-398059
Dialing code(s) +7 4742[citation needed]
Official website
Lipetsk on WikiCommons

Lipetsk (Russian: Липецк; IPA: [ˈlʲipʲɪtsk]) is a city and the administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast, Russia, located on the banks of the Voronezh River in the Don basin, 438 kilometers (272 mi) southeast of Moscow. Population: 508,887 (2010 Census).[4]

History[edit]

Lipetsk was first mentioned in the 13th century chronicles.[citation needed] The name means "Linden city" and is cognate with Leipzig and Liepāja.[8] In 1284, the city was destroyed by the Mongols.

Monument to Peter the Great

In 1703, Peter the Great ordered construction of a cast iron factory in Lipetsk near the iron ore deposits for making artillery shells. On September 16, 1779, Lipetsk was granted town status.[citation needed] It became one of the principal towns of Tambov Governorate.

In 1879, Lipetsk hosted a congress of members of Land and Liberty.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Lipetsk is the administrative center of the oblast and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Lipetsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Lipetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Lipetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Lipetsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The principal industries of Lipetsk include ferrous metallurgy, machinery, metalworking, machine tools, engines, chemicals, food, and clothing.

The former steel combine was privatized in 1992 and Novolipetsk Steel (NLMK) with approximately 48,000 employees and an 64% export ratio (2005) is one of the largest employers in the oblast. In 2008, the company's revenue was $11.7 billion.[9] Other industry are another metallurgical plant "Svobodny Sokol" ("Free Falcon"), a tractor factory LTZ, solvent-extraction plant Liboil (largest rapeseed oil producer in Central Federal District and the second in Russia), pipe factory, a factory for refrigerators and household appliances, an ice factory, lathe factory, chemical factories, etc. Industry is mainly located south of Voronezh River.

Health care[edit]

Lipetsk is one of the oldest mud bath and balneological resorts in Russia (first opened in 1805). Peat mud and chalybeate bicarbonate calcic springs are used to treat patients. Sulphate and chloride sodium water is used for therapeutic baths and drinking.

Education[edit]

Lipetsk State Academic Drama Theater named after Leo Tolstoy

Lipetsk is home of the Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk Teacher's Training College, and some other colleges.

Transport[edit]

Bus in Lipetsk, 2007

Since 1868, there is a railway connection between Lipetsk and Moscow.[10] Trams, trolleybuses and buses provide local public transportation. The municipality aspires to renovate the tramway network as it is largely segregated from motor traffic. It has negotiated a 10-year, RUR 30 billion loan from the European Bank of Reconstruction & Development for tramway renewal.[11]

Military[edit]

MiG-19 on the plinth in front of 4-th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation

At the Lipetsk Air Base air base north of the town, the 4th Center of Combat Application and Conversion of Frontline Aviation named after Valery Chkalov is situated in Lipetsk.

The Lipetsk Air Center's chief, colonel Kharchevsky, has become famous after trial air combats in the United States and being a personal pilot of President Putin.

The city is also served by the smaller Lipetsk Airport airport.

Demographics[edit]

Year 1926 1939 1956 1962 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979
Pop. 21,000 67,000 123,000 194,000 253,000 289,000 327,000 361,000 396,000
Year 1982 1986 1989*[12] 1992 1996 2000 2002*[13] 2007 2010*[4]
Pop. 423,000 434,000 449,635 463,000 476,000 521,000 506,114 502,600 508,887

 * Census

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Lipetsk is twinned with:

Country City Start
Germany Germany Cottbus[14] 1974
China China Anshan 1992
Italy Italy Fabriano 2003
Ukraine Ukraine Vinnytsia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #382-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #536-OZ
  3. ^ БД ПМО Липецкой области. Город Липецк
  4. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ http://bibliotekar.ru/encMir/70.htm
  9. ^ Novolipetsk Steel posts $480 net loss for Oct.-Dec. 2008
  10. ^ Train Station in Lipetsk (Russian)
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Our twin cities- Cottbus". http://www.cottbus.de/. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 

Sources[edit]

  • Липецкий областной Совет депутатов. Закон №382-ОЗ от 28 апреля 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Липецкой области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №535-ОЗ от 18 августа 2011 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Липецкой области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Липецкой области и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Липецкая газета", №88, 7 мая 2010 г. (Lipetsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #382-OZ of April 28, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Lipetsk Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #535-OZ of August 18, 2011 On Amending the Law of Lipetsk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Lipetsk Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Липецкий областной Совет депутатов. Закон №114-ОЗ от 2 июля 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований в Липецкой области статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского и сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №536-ОЗ от 18 августа 2011 г «О внесении изменений в статью 5 Закона Липецкой области "О наделении муниципальных образований в Липецкой области статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского и сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Липецкая газета", №131, 8 июля 2004 г. (Lipetsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #536-OZ of August 18, 2011 On Granting Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of Lipetsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #536-OZ of August 18, 2011 On Amending Article 5 of the Law of Lipetsk Oblast "On Granting Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of Lipetsk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]