Compared to other biomedical fields, lipidology was originally less popular since the constant handling of oils, smears, and greases was unappealing and separation was difficult. The field became more popular following the advent of chromatography which allowed lipids to be isolated and analyzed. The field was further popularized following the cytologic application of the electron microscope which found that many metabolic pathways take place on the cell membrane, whose properties are strongly influenced by its lipid composition.
Kates, Morris (1972), Techniques of lipidology; isolation, analysis and identification of lipids, Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Amsterdam,New York: North-Holland Pub. Co.American Elsevier, pp. 269–610, doi:10.1016/S0075-7535(08)70544-8, ISBN0444103503