Lipik

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Lipik
City
Lipik is located in Croatia
Lipik
Lipik
Coordinates: 45°24′54″N 17°09′36″E / 45.415°N 17.16°E / 45.415; 17.16
County Požega-Slavonia County
Government
 • Mayor Stjepan Horvat (HDZ)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 6,175
  (municipality)
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+1)

Lipik is a town in western Slavonia, in the Požega-Slavonia County of northeastern Croatia.

Settlements[edit]

The settlements included in the administrative area of Lipik include:[1]

History[edit]

Lipik was occupied by Ottoman forces along with several other cities in Slavonia until its liberation in 1691.

In 1773, the warm waters of Lipik were described favorably by a Varaždin doctor. It continued to be used as a treatment spa for over a century, and in 1872, the first hotel was opened in the town. By 1920 the number of hotels grew to six. Spa treatment is still the major focus of economy for the town.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Lipik was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lipik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(38)
6
(42)
11
(52)
17
(63)
22
(71)
26
(78)
28
(83)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(62)
11
(52)
4
(39)
16.3
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(24)
−4
(24)
0
(32)
4
(40)
9
(48)
12
(53)
13
(56)
12
(54)
9
(49)
6
(42)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
4.8
(40.5)
Precipitation cm (inches) 5
(2)
5.3
(2.1)
6.4
(2.5)
6.6
(2.6)
9.1
(3.6)
8.1
(3.2)
7.4
(2.9)
8.4
(3.3)
8.4
(3.3)
11.2
(4.4)
8.4
(3.3)
6.6
(2.6)
90.9
(35.8)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Spa[edit]

Lipik is a famous health resort at the foot of the western slopes of Psunj Mountain. Thermal water springs underlie the development of health tourism. Water temperature at the source reaches up to 60 °C (140 °F) and the daily capacity is 1,500,000 litres. This alkaline water is rich in fluorine, sodium and calcium, and suitable for treatment of locomotory system disorders, heart diseases, vascular diseases, sciatica, lumbago, multiple sclerosis, etc. Medicinal mud is also used in treatment. Mineral water is used for drinking, and offered on the market under the brand name Lipički Studenac.

The buildings of the health complex with the park are now under reconstruction.

Lipizzan stable[edit]

Lipik also hosts a Lipizzan stable that had been built in 1843 under the Habsburg Monarchy. It had previously enjoyed state recognition in Yugoslavia between 1938 and the 1950s, when it was closed in favor of the stable in Lipica, Slovenia. It was reopened in 1981, but then during the Croatian War of Independence the horses were stolen and taken to Novi Sad, Serbia where they remained hostage until their negotiated return in 2007.[3]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements" (HTML). Statistical Reports (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) (1441): 64. June 2011. ISSN 1332-0297. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Lipik, Croatia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  3. ^ Boris Orešić (2010-12-28). "Pomor u zajednici bijelih griva - I Lipicance ubijaju, zar ne?". Globus (in Croatian). 

External links[edit]