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The Lipinski Stradivarius is an antique violin constructed in 1715 by the Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona, during Stradivari's "golden period" between 1700 and 1720. There are fewer than 650 extant Stradivarius violins in the world today, and the Lipinski is considered to be a particularly fine example. In 2012, it was appraised at $5 million USD.
The earlier history of The Lipinski is unclear; Italian violinist and composer Giuseppe Tartini is the first reputed owner. Tartini, who in 1713 experienced a dream in which he allowed the devil to play his violin, heard a beautiful sonata which he was unable to compare with anything he had ever heard. Tartini, two years later, tried to reproduce the sound in his Devil's Trill Sonata.
Tartini presented the violin to his pupil, Signor Salvini. According to a reminiscence of a certain von Krockow who met the Polish violinist Karol Lipiński in Dresden in 1849, the young Lipinski, provided with a letter of recommendation from Louis Spohr met Salvini in Milan, probably at the end of his concert tour, 1817-18. Lipinski having performed for Salvini, the teacher asked to see his violin, which he then smashed to pieces against the corner of a table. Salvini handed the shocked Lipinski the Stradivarius "as a gift from me, and, simultaneously, as a commemoration of Tartini."
In 1962, the Lipinski Stradivarius was sold to Rosalind Elsner Anschuetz of New York City, for US$19,000. Anschuetz gave the violin to her daughter-in-law, Estonian violinist Evi Liivak, and upon her death in 1996, Liivak's husband, Richard Anschuetz, took possession of the instrument. After Anschuetz moved to the Milwaukee, Wisconsin area, the violin was stored in a local bank vault. Upon Anschuetz' death in February 2008, ownership of the violin passed to an anonymous family member who loaned the Lipinski to Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra concertmaster Frank Almond.
On January 27, 2014, a Monday, at around 10:20 pm (22:20 CST), Almond was assaulted with a stun gun and the violin, along with two bows, were stolen during an armed robbery in a parking lot in the rear of Wisconsin Lutheran College on W. Wisconsin Ave. Almond had just performed at Wisconsin Lutheran as part of his "Frankly Music" series.
On 31 January 2014, a US$100,000 reward was announced for the return of the violin. Milwaukee police worked with international police organizations on recovery efforts. The original getaway vehicle and violin case, were both found a short time after the original attack, which appeared to have been carefully planned in advance.
- Giuseppe Tartini
- Signor Salvini - Milan
- Karol Lipinski
- Richard Weichold, instrument dealer - Dresden, 1861
- Prof. Engelbert Röntgen - Leipzig
- owner not known
- W.E.Hill & Sons, instrument dealers - London, 1899
- Unknown amateur musician - Holland
- Hill & Sons, instrument dealers - London
- owner not known
- Hamma, instrument dealers - Germany
- Wurlitzer - New York, 1922
- owner not known
- Roger Chittolini
- Dr. José Martínez Cañas - Havana, 1941
- Ángel Reyes - Havana
- Wurlitzer, instrument dealers - New York, 1960
- Rosalind Elsner Anschuetz/Richard Anschuetz, Evi Liivak - 1962
- Anonymous Anschuetz family member - Milwaukee, 2008
Joseph Joachim, Liivak, Malonzenoff and Persinger are also known to have possessed the Lipinski Stradivarius.
- Kozinn, Allan; Yaccino, Steven (Jan 30, 2014). "A Violinist’s Triumph Is Ruined by Thieves". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved Feb 6, 2014.
- Luthern, Ashley; Higgins, Jim (Feb 5, 2014). "Three suspects arrested, but stolen Stradivarius violin not recovered". www.jsonline.com. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved Feb 6, 2014.
- Articles in The Violin Times 1895 and 1896, reported by Krzysztof Rottermund "Stradivari, Guarneri and Amati: a history of Karol Lipiński's violins " in Maya Trochimczyk, ed. A Romantic Century in Polish Music (tr. by Trochimczyk from Polish) 2009, pp79f; Rottermund convincingly dismisses a rival provenance from another pupil of Tartini.
- Goodkind, Violin Iconograpjy of Antonio Stradivari. 1972; Cozio.com: full modern provenance.
- Rottermund 2009 p.
- Tom Strini (2008-09-06). "Encore for a Stradivarius". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- Garza, Jesse; and Higgins, Jim (2014-01-28). 'Priceless' Stradivarius violin stolen in armed robbery in Milwaukee. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 28 January 2014. Retrieved from http://www.jsonline.com/news/crime/stradivarius-violin-stolen-in-armed-robbery-in-milwaukee-b99193907z1-242463151.html.
- Luthern, Ashley (2014-01-31). $100,000 reward announced in Stradivarius violin theft. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 31 January 2014. Retrieved on 2014-02-02 from http://www.jsonline.com/news/100000-reward-announced-in-stradivarius-violin-theft-b99195751z1-242983311.html.
- Faber, Toby (2004). Stradivarius: Five Violins, One Cello and a Genius. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-98976-7.
- Doring, Ernest N. (1999). How Many Strads? Our Heritage from the Master. Chicago: Bein & Fushi, Inc. OCLC 13966919.
- Lipinski Stradivarius at Cozio.com