Lipljan

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Lipjan/Lipljan
Municipality and city
Липљан (Lipljan)
Lipjan (Lipjani)
Lipjan/Lipljan is located in Kosovo
Lipjan/Lipljan
Lipjan/Lipljan
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°32′N 21°06′E / 42.533°N 21.100°E / 42.533; 21.100
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Pristina
Government
Population (2011)
 • Municipality and city 57,474 (municipality)
 • Density 169.8/km2 (440/sq mi)
 • Metro 15,000 City
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 38
Car plates 01
Website Municipality of Lipjan

Lipjan or Lipljan (Albanian: Lipjan or Lipjani; Serbian: Липљан, Lipljan, Turkish: Liplan) is a city and municipality in the Pristina district of central Kosovo.[a]

Name[edit]

The Serbian name of the town, Lipljan, is derived from the ancient Roman toponym Ulpiana modified by association with the Serbo-Croatian lipa "linden tree".[1] The name lipa is often used in South Slavic toponyms.[1] The Roman city of Ulpiana was located near Lipljan and it was named in honor of the Roman Emperor Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus. The neo-Latin form Lypenion for the city occurs for the first time in a Greek text from 1018 AD.

History[edit]

Roman period[edit]

Main article: Ulpiana

Ulpiana played an important role in the development of the most important cities in the Roman province of Dardania.

Middle Ages[edit]

The Gračanica monastery was built in 1321, on the ruins of two older churches.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Croats  % Others  % Total
1961 census 24,433 60.98 10,902 27.21 3,304 8.25 1,431 3.57 40,070
1991 census 53,730 77.36 9,713 13.99 2,914 4.20 3,094 4.45 69,451
January 1999 (OSCE est.) 62,706 81.3 9,985 13.0 N/A N/A 5,834 7.6 77,087
2000 (OSCE est.) 63,478 83.3 9,300 12.2 363 0.5 1,890 2.6 76,143

Economy[edit]

The municipality is predominantly agriculture-oriented. After the 1999 conflict, most of the businesses are no longer operational. Many shops and restaurants have opened in the town, but approximately 80% of the population remains unemployed.[when?]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian) 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. pp. 305–306. ISBN 86-407-0064-8 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°31′48″N 21°08′19″E / 42.53000°N 21.13861°E / 42.53000; 21.13861