Lipljan

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Lipljan
Municipality and city
Липљан (Lipljan)
Lipjan (Lipjani)
Lipljan is located in Kosovo
Lipljan
Lipljan
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°32′N 21°06′E / 42.533°N 21.100°E / 42.533; 21.100
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Pristina
Government
Population (2011)
 • Municipality and city 57,474 (municipality)
 • Density 169.8/km2 (440/sq mi)
 • Metro 15,000 City
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 38
Car plates 01
Website Municipality of Lipjan

Lipljan or Lipjan (Albanian: Lipjan or Lipjani; Serbian: Липљан, Lipljan, Turkish: Liplan) is a city and municipality in the Pristina district of central Kosovo.[a]

Name and history[edit]

The Serbian name of the town, Lipljan, is derived from the ancient Roman toponym Ulpiana modified by association with the Serbo-Croatian lipa "linden tree".[1] The name lipa is often used in South Slavic toponyms.[1] The Roman city of Ulpiana was located near Lipljan and it was named in honor of the Roman Emperor Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus. The neo-Latin form Lypenion for the city occurs for the first time in a Greek text from 1018 AD.

It is thought[weasel words] to be the birthplace of Lekë Dukagjini (1410–1481), who replaced Skanderbeg as leader of the Albanian resistance against the Ottomans following the latter's death in 1468. During the reign of Lekë Dukagjini as Prince of Dukagjini Ulpiana was his second capital city.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Croats  % Others  % Total
1961 24,433 60.98 10,902 27.21 3,304 8.25 1,431 3.57 40,070
1991 53,730 77.36 9,713 13.99 2,914 4.20 3,094 4.45 69,451
January 1999 62,706 81.3 9,985 13.0 N/A N/A 5,834 7.6 77,087
2000 63,478 83.3 9,300 12.2 363 0.5 1,890 2.6 76,143
Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for 1999 and 2000

Economy[edit]

The municipality is predominantly agriculture-oriented. After the 1999 conflict, most of the businesses are no longer operational. Many shops and restaurants have opened in the town, but approximately 80% of the population remains unemployed.[when?]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian) 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. pp. 305–306. ISBN 86-407-0064-8 
  2. ^ Sellers, Mortimer (2010-04-15). The Rule of Law in Comparative Perspective. Springer. p. 207. ISBN 978-90-481-3748-0. Retrieved 9 November 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°31′48″N 21°08′19″E / 42.53000°N 21.13861°E / 42.53000; 21.13861